Legal Aspects of Creating a Special International Tribunal for the Crime of Russian Aggression against Ukraine

Author: Uliana Koruts
Institution: West Ukrainian National University
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 11-17
DOI Address:
PDF: cpls/5/cpls501.pdf

The article examines the concept and legal aspects of creating a special international tribunal regarding the crime of the Russian Federation against Ukraine. Although this research topic first emerged after the events of 2014 related to the aggressive actions of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea, scientific interest in the study of this problem increased after the criminal full-scale invasion of Russia on the territory of the sovereign state of Ukraine. The author considers the evolution of creation of select military tribunals, the specifics of their activities, and the established practice of prosecuting the crimes of aggression. Additionally, the analysis focuses on statements regarding the idea of creating a special international tribunal for the Russian Federation for crimes of aggression against Ukraine. It is substantiated that the highest form of international justice in the modern world is a tribunal, as it provides for a public and inevitable punishment and it acts as one of the elements guaranteeing the inviolability of the international legal order at the same time. The creation of a special tribunal for the Russian Federation will be the impetus for new approaches to expand the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court so that it can prosecute acts of aggression, and Ukraine will serve as an example for responding to aggression. The author determined, the establishment of an international tribunal for the first time is a complex process because it is often necessary to find new and completely original solutions to many legal and practical problems facing the tribunal. Moreover, the sum total of these decisions should provide the basis for a reasonable and universally applicable jurisdiction for future generations, at the same time allowing the tribunal to take into account the social, cultural and historical context of the conflict in question and to reflect this context to some extent in its decisions and practice.


  • Barber, R. (2022). What Does the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ Require of States in Ukraine? Journal of International Peacekeeping, 25, pp. 155–177.
  • Carroll, C.E. (2013). Hybrid Tribunals are the Most Effective Structure for Adjudicating International Crimes Occurring Within a Domestic State. Law School Student Scholarship. Student Works. 90. Retrieved from:
  • Chajkovsjka, V. Trybunal shhodo RF varto zapustyty do zavershennja vijny – MZS. [MFA: Russia tribunal should be launched before the end of the war]. Retrieved from:
  • Corten, O., Koutroulis, V. (2022). Tribunal for the crime of aggression against Ukraine – a  legal assessment. Policy Department, Directorate-General for External Policies. Retrieved from:
  • Ivanov, V.M. (2015). Njurnberzjkyj proces: istorychne ta pravove znachennja (do 70-richchja stvorennja Mizhnarodnogho vijsjkovogho trybunalu) [The Nuremberg Trials: Historical and Legal Significance (on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the International Military Tribunal)]. Chasopys Kyjivsjkogho universytetu prava, 3, pp. 24–28.
  • Konstytucija Ukrajiny vid 28.06.1996 r. # 254k/96-VR. [Constitution of Ukraine of 28.06.1996, No. 254к/96- ВР]. Vidomosti Verkhovnoji Rady Ukrajiny. 1996. # 30. St. 141.
  • Krasnikova, O.V. (2022). Koncepcija mizhnarodnogho vijsjkovogho trybunalu dlja pokarannja rf za zlochyny v Ukrajini. [The concept of an international military tribunal to punish russia for crimes in Ukraine]. Jurydychnyj naukovyj elektronnyj zhurnal, 12, pp. 506–508. Retrieved from:
  • McDougall, C. (2023). The Imperative of Prosecuting Crimes of Aggression Committed against Ukraine. Journal of Conflict & Security Law, pр. 1–28. Retrieved from:
  • Paliashvili, І. Calls mount for Russia to face tribunal for aggression against Ukraine. Retrieved from:
  • Rezoljucija 3314 (ХХIХ) Gheneraljnoji Asambleji vid 14.12.1974 r. [General Assembly resolution 3314 (XXIX) of 14.12.1974]. Retrieved from:
  • Rymsjkyj statut Mizhnarodnogho kryminaljnogho sudu: chomu vin takyj vazhlyvyj dlja Ukrajiny? [The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: why is it so important for Ukraine?]. Retrieved from:
  • Skinnider, E. (2007). Experiences and Lessons from «Hybrid» Tribunals: Sierra Leone, East Timor and Cambodia. International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy. Retrieved from:
  • Sunga, L. (1997). The emerging system of international criminal law: developments in codification and implementation. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
  • Statut Mizhnarodnogho vojennogho trybunalu dlja Daljnogho Skhodu [Statute of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East] Jurydychna encyklopedija. 1946. Retrieved from:
  • Tallgren, I. (2013). The Durkheimian Spell of International Criminal Law? Revue interdisciplinaire d’études juridiques. 71, pp. 137–169.
  • Zadorozhnij, O.V. (2004). Tokijsjkyj proces 1946–48. In: Ukrajinsjka dyplomatychna encyklopedija: u  2 t. [Tokyo Trials of 1946-48. Ukrainian Diplomatic Encyclopedia: in 2 vols.]. Ed. kol.: L.V. Ghubersjkyj (gholova) ta in. K.: Znannja Ukrajiny. T. 2: M- Ja.

war aggression tribunals courts criminals international justice international organizations

Message to:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart