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Contents

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 5-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/132/kie132toc.pdf

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SPIS TREŚCI

kie kultura i edukacja

On Giving Meaning to Family Life: An Educational Essay

Author: Katarzyna Segiet
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3044-1814
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 9-24
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.01
PDF: kie/132/kie13201.pdf

The author addresses cognitively important issues concerning values and activities conducive to their development in the family, which is the basic factor in shaping the personality of a child. We are living in the times of globalization, when the importance of family and values passed on by it are being underestimated in various ways. Globalization has caused an enormous confusion of values. The old, traditional values are often outdated, while the new, incomprehensible ones, interfere with the process of upbringing. Additionally, relativism dominating the society has become the basis for blurring the boundaries between what is moral and what is immoral. The aim of this article is to draw attention to the special role of values in the process of upbringing and to stimulate actions supporting the family through education and prevention. The above considerations lead to the conclusion that the family is an important value in the life of a child. It constitutes their most important environment for development and upbringing. Nevertheless, it requires help and support from the state. But above all, we cannot just be passive witnesses of our children’s development these days.

family Education prevention happiness values, upbringing

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Student Spatial Practices and the Transformation of Private Space in Relation to Remote University Education

Author: Małgorzata Skowrońska
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4882-1620
Author: Urszula Abłażewicz-Górnicka
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4261-9093
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 25-39
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.02
PDF: kie/132/kie13202.pdf

The article presents an analysis of the transformations in private space and spatial practices manifested by students in connection with long-term online university education during the COVID-19 pandemic. The text includes a presentation of the results of a series of four focus group interviews carried out in 2021 via Zoom platform with students drawn from a few Polish colleges. The research sample was diversified in terms of gender, field of study, type of college, and mode of study. The research suggests key dimensions shaping the experience of remote university study: the spatial dimension, technological dimension and the organisational-educational dimension. Four basic kinds of student experiences are presented as well. The analyses also include a description of spatial practices such as: changing or adapting space for remote university education, negotiating spatial boundaries and attempts to ameliorate conflicts resulting from the interaction of diverse social roles and institutional orders in the same domestic space.

spatial practices private space remote education university students

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Killing Circumstances of Inequality: Some Concerns about Elder People in Poland during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Author: Małgorzata Skowrońska
Institution: University of Zielona Góra
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2960-8258
Author: Urszula Abłażewicz-Górnicka
Institution: Pedagogical University of Kraków
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5819-1557
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 40-49
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.03
PDF: kie/132/kie13203.pdf

According to official statistics, older people are particularly vulnerable to severe illness. Especially those who suffer from frail health are more likely to have deadly coronavirus infection than other age groups. For sure, age and preexisting medical conditions are significant indicators of vulnerability risk to severe infection, but old age interact with many other factors that may render the elderly at risk. The important implication is that the options available to older people are contingent upon inequalities. Some of them will eventually face common difficulties later in life, while others will face the same problems but do it alone with few resources. In other words, aging itself is a stratified process. Disease impacts are not random, nor are the burdens of disease carried equally by all members of affected populations. The consequences of the disease most often heavily affect those who are in a socially vulnerable position.

Poland seniors social connectedness inequality COVID-19

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Shaping an Identity as the Main Developmental Task of Youth in the Contemporary Socio-Cultural Reality

Author: Paulina Peret-Drążewska
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9228-4009
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 50-61
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.04
PDF: kie/132/kie13204.pdf

The self-creation of modern youth in the world of permanent change is closely related to the existing socio-cultural conditions and the psychosocial condition resulting from the experienced developmental stage. The changeability and relativity of the reality in which young people exist affects the process of searching for their “I”, which becomes more and more undefined, requiring constant updating, and changing. Therefore, it becomes necessary to undertake analyses of identity formation as the main developmental task of the youth period, with particular emphasis on the current socio-cultural reality, which is not insignificant for this process. The article presents the results of scientific research on the subjective aspect of the sense of identity of contemporary high school youth (out of the general population the author selected a population of 439 students of secondary schools, aged 15-19, located in the territory of the Wielkopolskie [Greater Poland] Voivodeship in Poland, random selection) measured by the TST (Twenty Statements Test). The presented results of research on the subjective aspect of the sense of identity of secondary school youth reveal an image of this age group as one that is still searching for its own identity core, and undergoing the process of implementation of developmental tasks belonging to the stage of adolescence. The analyses of the research results show the specificity of the process of shaping identity by young people in modern conditions. This issue is the main goal of the research presented in the article.

contemporary times secondary school identity youth Education

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Activities of Institutions Supporting the Family of a Child with Disabilities: Selected Areas of Forecasting and Standardization

Author: Barbara Grzyb
Institution: Silesian University of Technology
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3649-4068
Author: Monika Bożena Morgała
Institution: Silesian University of Technology
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6856-9111
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 62-79
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.05
PDF: kie/132/kie13205.pdf

The article discusses institutions providing support and aid to people with disabilities and their families. The theoretical determinants of the aid process were discussed in the context of the possible forecasting of strategies for these interactions within the functioning of public, non-governmental and private institutions (without budgetary subsidies). The important area highlighted in the paper was not only disability and the family’s needs but also the nature of a possible support which should depend on a forecast of actions resulting out of the nature and grade of person’s disability. In turn, the scope of proposed solutions should comprise of a package of offers dependent on the grade and nature of person’s disability and should lead to their life and economic independence. However, this requires a tripartite social dialogue, good will, and understanding of each person requiring a long-term support and aid. This article ends with a short conclusion highlighting the need for immediate actions for starting a social dialogue in order to establish a tri-sectoral aid, and within its scope, a reasonable forecast of the needs of the child with disabilities.

family disability Support aid forecasting

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Pre-school Education in Poland in the 20th Century as a Forgotten and Underestimated Source of Contemporary Trends and Pedagogical Inspirations

Author: Urszula Wróblewska
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3585-3903
Author: Magdalena Choińska-Kieżel
Institution: Private kindergarten “To Tu”
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 80-95
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.06
PDF: kie/132/kie13206.pdf

The aim of the article is to show the stages of the development of pre-school education in Poland in the 20th century, which set the directions for further changes in the pre-school area. The article was prepared on the basis of available historical sources in the form of specialist press, guides, and methodological manuals, as well as analysis of the literature on the subject. The work identifies and distinguishes innovative views and methods in the field of former pre-school education, which may constitute a form of contemporary pedagogical inspiration. The aim of this article consciously combines two important aspects, i.e., acquiring historical knowledge and its modern applications. The text discusses the history of pre-school education in Poland in the 20th century and shows its reminiscences in contemporary social and educational space. The text is an attempt to show the importance of pre-school education in the modern system, and drawing the reader’s attention to the achievements of Polish preschool education in the context of changes and needs of society in the area of care for pre-school children. The article is not an exhaustive study, but rather a contribution to considerations in this area.

Poland pedagogy kindergarten trends pre-school education innovations 20th century inspirations

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Methods and Forms of Distance Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Conclusions from the Literature Review

Author: Paweł Topol
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9810-7214
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 96-111
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.07
PDF: kie/132/kie13207.pdf

The main goal of the text is to collect conclusions from the experiences of educators and researchers with regard to various aspects of distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusions were collected on the basis of the author’s own experience and the selected source literature. The article consists of two parts: “Conclusions from Polish literature” and “Conclusions from foreign literature”. As the article presents mainly the Polish perspective, the first part is significantly longer than the second one. Part One deals with such issues as: the model of distance learning, the time of pandemic as a crisis situation, priorities in distance education in conditions of isolation, the issue of isolation, and some principles of assessment, among others. The university e-learning platform was also discussed as an example. Part Two addresses such issues as: seven lessons from the pandemic, effectiveness of online testing, psychological aspects regarding a student and a teacher, and augmented reality in distance education during COVID-19.

online applications teaching methods e-learning virtual education COVID-19 distance education

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Difficulties Perceived by Polish Academic Teachers in Connection with the COVID-19 Pandemic: Predictive Role of Resilience

Author: Agnieszka Gabryś
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8502-7119
Author: Magdalena Boczkowska
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3435-8193
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 115-130
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.08
PDF: kie/132/kie13208.pdf

Coronavirus epidemic (COVID-19) poses a significant challenge for the society. One of such social groups are academic teachers. The aim of this study is to become acquainted with the perceived difficulties of Polish academic teachers connected with the COVID-19 pandemic and to assess the importance of resilience in perceiving these difficulties. One hundred and one (n = 101) Polish academic teachers completed the Scale of Perceived Difficulties Associated with the COVID-19 Pandemic SOTCov19 (NA) and the Resilience Assessment Scale SPP-25. The descriptive statistics, correlation analysis (Pearson’s correlations coefficient), and progressive stepwise regression analysis were used. The study shows that Polish academic teachers experience the greatest difficulties in three areas: recreational and cultural aspect, health and care aspects, and remote working - online lessons. A significant correlation between included variables was obtained. It is also well worth mentioning that the two subscales of resilience - tolerance for failure and treating life as a challenge, and personal competence to deal with and tolerance of negative emotions - entail a predictive function in explaining the perceived difficulties, however the percentage of variance is low, unlike expected.

resilience teachers Polish academic higher education COVID-19 pandemic COVID-19 difficulties

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The Importance of the Grit Factor for the Functioning and Coping of Schoolchildren during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Author: Marcin Kolemba
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9884-8672
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 131-143
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.09
PDF: kie/132/kie13209.pdf

The article presents the results of research carried out during the first wave of restrictions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The research covered students of high schools - 275 students of schools from Białystok and Bielsk Podlaski, ages 16-19. The goal of the study was to investigate the relationship of the grit factor with the functioning of young people in a specific situation - remote learning, combined with additional, burdensome limitations in the public space. The sphere of learning and physical activity were the main areas of functioning that were researched in the study. The study used an original, author’s questionnaire to measure the functioning of young people during the COVID-19 pandemic. Besides this scale, also used were the Duckworth Short Grit Scale (SGS) (Polish adaptation by Wyszyńska et al., 2017) and the Cantril mental well-being scale (Cantril, 1965). The study displayed positive relationships between grit and the amount of time devoted to learning in remote mode, with regularity in maintaining the rhythm of the day (getting up at a similar time, taking up physical activity) and mental well-being.

grit youth functioning remote learning pandemic COVID-19

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Project Activities of Animators and the Activation of Local Social Forces (the Case of Warmia and Mazury)

Author: Cezary Kurkowski
Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9634-1480
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 144-156
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.10
PDF: kie/132/kie13210.pdf

The specificity of the Warmia and Mazury region, a unique cultural mosaic paired with social problems, provided a space for building social engagement in the environment by involving the local community in socio-cultural activities. These actions resulted in changes to the living environment of individuals and social groups through their participation and engagement. The aim of the article is to present the results of research showing the views of animators regarding the impact of implemented social and cultural projects on stimulating social forces in small towns and villages of Warmia and Mazury. The research findings presented in the following section show the important aspects of this activity, starting from the sources/motives of creating projects and incorporating environmental resources into them, through cooperation with the local community and creating environmental leaders, to assessing the changes taking place as a result of the implemented projects. The presented research results allow for the conclusion that animators, through their project activities, contributed to permanent, positive changes in the local environment, awakening social forces (open and hidden), and to an increase in socio-cultural activity, both during and after the project activities.

socio-cultural projects/activities social forces animator local environment Warmia and Mazury socio-cultural animation

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Sense of Coherence among University Students: Research Report

Author: Marta Mirosława Perkowska
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2856-9800
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 157-171
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.11
PDF: kie/132/kie13211.pdf

This article presents selected factors conditioning the sense of coherence among university students. Results were obtained after analysis of statistical data collected in a group of 467 students. Antonovsky’s Sense of Coherence Questionnaire (SOC-29) was used in the research. The results obtained showed a predominance of a moderate level of the sense of coherence in the group of studied students. The study confirmed the existence of a dependency between the sense of coherence and the sex, year of study, and civil status of the studied persons. The other two variables, i.e., course of studies and declared level of religiosity, only showed certain tendencies. The results presented in this paper confirmed the need to shape coherence through education and socialization as a socially significant personal predisposition. The sense of coherence facilitates both self-reflection and self-development in the individual. Conclusions formulated on the basis of the obtained results point to the necessity of taking up a contemporary pedagogical challenge, which is health education. An additional recommendation is to enrich educational programs with activities the goal of which is to create a high sense of coherence in their recipients, which, by definition, should have pro-health consequences for a wide group of beneficiaries.

health education sense of coherence university students social pedagogy health

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Symbols of Fear in the Studies of Drawings by Polish and Turkish Children

Author: Ewelina Justyna Konieczna
Institution: University of Opole
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9109-8995
Author: Ertuğrul Talu
Institution: University of Kırşehir Ahi Evran
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3062-6130
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 172-185
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.12
PDF: kie/132/kie13212.pdf

The authors present results of their studies dealing with symbols of fear identified in drawings made by Polish and Turkish children. The studies consisted in comparing results with regard to the categories and content of symbols recognized in the drawings presented by younger school-age children of the two nationalities. For the needs of the comparative analysis the following questions were formulated: In what way did the children present their fears in their drawings? How can the similarities in the symbols of fear presented in the drawings by Polish and Turkish children be interpreted? What do the observed differences testify to? Comparison of the symbols of fear allowed recognizing the similarities and differences occurring in the drawings produced by the examined children. It was found that the largest number of drawings present a symbol of fear connected with the category of animals. While interpreting the results, the authors accepted the thesis that the grasped similarities relating to the manner of presenting fear result from the common history of man, recorded in archetypes and symbols. On the other hand, the observed differences are connected with the tradition present in each of the cultures.

fear archetypes children’s drawings symbols of fear younger school age children

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Mothers Experiencing Difficult Parenting: Pedagogical Analysis of the Marital and Parental Situation

Author: Agnieszka Dominika Laskowska
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8764-2457
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 186-196
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.13
PDF: kie/132/kie13213.pdf

The presented material is empirical. It was based on the comparative analysis of data obtained with the use of the Marital Success Scale and the Parental Attitudes Scale, both developed by M. Braun-Gałkowska. The aim of the work was to carry out pedagogical analysis of the functioning of mothers raising children with special needs. The research was carried out in a population of 48 families: 20 families raising children with special needs due to diagnosed Down syndrome, Asperger syndrome, autism and infantile cerebral palsy, and 28 families raising healthy children, with no significant mental and physical health disorders. The obtained results were used to determine differences between the studied mothers. Mothers experiencing difficult parenting based on the results of the Marital Success Scale displayed a lower level of satisfaction with their marriage. Analysis of Parental Attitudes Scale scores on parenting attitudes revealed that mothers experiencing difficult parenting attributed inadequacy to themselves, while their husbands were attributed moderation in demands on their own children. In the case of marital attitudes, no statistically significant differences were found.

mother child with special needs difficult parenting satisfaction with marriage marital attitudes parental attitudes

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Janina Kostkiewicz (Ed.), Crime without Punishment… The Extermination and Suffering of Polish Children during the German Occupation 1939–1945, Jagiellonian University Press, Kraków 2020, pp. 272

Author: Maria Czerepaniak-Walczak
Institution: University of Szczecin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7565-5904
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 199-203
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.14
PDF: kie/132/kie13214.pdf

The text is a review of a collective work devoted, as the title indicates, to the extermination and suffering of Polish children during World War II. The content of the chapters focuses on the fate of Polish children in the General Government and East Prussia of the Third Reich as well as in the territory of Germany after 1945. The individual chapters contain documented crimes against Polish children not only in concentration camps but also in places of residence (Łódź, Zamojszczyzna, CONFIDENTIAL: FOR PEER REVIEW ONLY Białystok, and others). The book includes 12 chapters presenting the effects of the policy of the occupant towards the youngest generation in the period indicated by the caesura, and 2 chapters devoted to the fate of Polish children, who the end of the war found in Germany. The publication of this monograph in English enables the dissemination of knowledge about the fate of Polish children during World War II among a wide range of English-speaking readers. It also fosters reflection on the long-term consequences of wars and the paradox of the 20th century as the “Centenary of the Child” that was announced by Ellen Key

victims extermination Crime II World War childhood

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