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Contents

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 3-8
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/104/kie104toc.pdf

Wstęp

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 11-12
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/104/kie10400.pdf

O Profesorze Ryszardzie Borowiczu

Author: Natalia Krzyżanowska
Institution: Örebro University, Szwecja
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 13-16
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.01
PDF: kie/104/kie10401.pdf

O trafności miar w nauce. Obraz aktywności polskich socjologów i pedagogów. Analiza parametrów dorobku Ryszarda Borowicza

Author: Agnieszka Jeran
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 17-35
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.02
PDF: kie/104/kie10402.pdf

The article deals with the problem of parameterisation in social sciences and humanities. Questioning the accuracy (and, most of all, the effectiveness) of strictly qualitative assessment of previous publication activity (expert assessments) leads to a concentration on quantitative criteria made as objective as possible; the most important of these criteria is based not on publication, but on quotability, which is considered to reflect the reception of the works of a given researcher. On the basis of indicators applied to a representative sample of professors from the fields of sociology and pedagogy, an analysis of publication record and its influence on science was made with the use of quotability (in the framework of Google Scholar database), and the result was subsequently compared to the results of Professor dr hab. Ryszard Borowicz (recognized in both fields).

Ryszard Borowicz bibliometrics parameterisation science policy sociology pedagogy

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Publikacje prof. dr. hab. Ryszarda Borowicza

Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 38-52
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.04
PDF: kie/104/kie10404.pdf

Socjoekonomiczna perspektywa badań nad gospodarką w świetle analiz problemów współczesnych obszarów w Polsce

Author: Grażyna Krzyminiewska
Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 53-65
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.05
PDF: kie/104/kie10405.pdf

The article raises the question of adoption in the analysis of rural areas and communities of its inhabitants, research perspective of social economy as a paradigm allowing for exploration of issues from the economy, and often studies of neoclassical economics and sociology. The first part of the text is characterized by research linking economic and sociological studies and assumptions of socio-economic research, research pointing to the benefits arising from them, while the second refers to a specific area of own research, which using the accepted paradigm, allow the enrichment of socio-economic analysis of rural areas.

rural areas socioeconomics economic mentality economic culture

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„Co robi alfabetyzacja?”. O potrzebie i priorytetach badań pedagogicznych nad fenomenem niepiśmienności

Author: Ewa Przybylska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 66-84
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.06
PDF: kie/104/kie10406.pdf

The article points out the need of educational research on the illiteracy phenomenon in the societies, where compulsory education is enforced. The scale of illiteracy and lack of knowledge about functional illitera cy in the present time poses a number of challenges for science. The most important are: identification of groups with reading and writing deficits and etiology of illiteracy phenomenon, reflection on the essence of functionally illiterate adults learning, the role of school and other agents of socialization in reading and writing development, literacy opportunities in the workplace or the contribution of the arts to popularize adult literacy and breaking social taboo, which is inability to read and write in highly developed countries.

literacy pedagogical literacy research adult learning teaching literacy workplace literacy causes of illiteracy

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Socjalizacja pierwotna jako determinanta osiągnięć szkolnych uczniów klas początkowych w kontekście analiz Profesora Borowicza

Author: Karolina Kaszlińska
Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa we Włocławku
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 85-106
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.07
PDF: kie/104/kie10407.pdf

This article refers to the research and analysis by Professor Borowicz, dedicated to how primary socialization influences educational opportunities for students at the first threshold of selection. The author transfers the mechanism of the selection process presented by Borowicz into the field of early childhood education and describes the relationship between primary socialization and school achievement of young pupils. The author analyzes three groups of factors influencing the fate of a child’s school performance: psychological, social and pedagogical. The author uses the categories of pupils’ personality to connect these factors. She recognizes influences of family and primary socialization as key determinants of school achievement. She proves that the concepts of professor Borowicz are still current and exist in contemporary scientific discourse.

Primary socialization school achievement Early Childhood Education pupil personality

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What money can’t buy – nieodbyta debata

Author: Maria Nawojczyk
Institution: AGH w Krakowie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 107-119
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.08
PDF: kie/104/kie10408.pdf

The dominant paradigm for a number of decades of neo-liberal economy has not signifi cantly weakened even times of economic crises referred to as the largest since the Great Depression. Moreover, for a long time we were witnessing the moving logic of economic activities to other spheres of social life. The process of marketization of the public sphere is constantly progressing. It should, therefore, take the debate over its reach and impact on the functioning of the community. We need to ask yourself a number of questions, the answers to which will be crucial for our life as a community. These questions about the moral, ethical and social boundaries of the market put in a rather provocative way Michael Sandel. Adopting a broader debate over them is essential, because the important aspects of our existence both in terms of individual and as a community will really on that. Does the knowledge, information, our body, clean air, access to education, to health care are goods? Are they subject to the rules of supply and demand? Is the market mechanism the best way to distribute them? Is there a legitimate way? Answers to these questions should not be limited to the discourse of the efficiency measure, which sometimes seems to dominate public discourse and especially political. This discourse should be conducted in relation to the concept of social justice and equality as marketization processes inevitably lead to the emergence of new dividing lines and the growing social inequality. This current refl ection on society was constantly present in publications of Richard Borowicz. These questions he asked yourself and his readers for a long time. It is a pity, that now he is not able to participate directly in this discourse.

marketization of the public sphere the commodification of education social justice inequality in access Michael Sandel Ryszard Borowicz

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Obywatel w demokratycznym państwie prawa. Ewolucja statusu jednostki z równością w tle

Author: Arleta Hrehorowicz
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 120-133
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.09
PDF: kie/104/kie10409.pdf

This text is an attempt to subjectively consider of the issue of equality, on the topic of which Ryszard Borowicz in 1988 wrote a monograph entitled “Równość i sprawiedliwość społeczna” [Equality and Social Justice]. The author, referring to a historical and legal overview of the notion of the citizen, tries to suggest that it is the political system that determines the status of its citizens. What is more, it also determines not only their legal situation but also the scope of their subjective rights, freedoms and obligations. The general principles enshrined in the constitution are the means that the legislator uses to show the citizens which values he considers the most important and which are intended to guide social change. The main goal of the authors’ deliberations is to signal the need to continue research on equality, especially given that the notion of equality should be considered from a wider perspective, for example taking into account the change of the political and legal system.

democracy Constitution citizen equality political transformation

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Migracje a rozwój ekonomiczno - społeczny/modernizacja

Author: Janusz Mucha
Institution: AGH w Krakowie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 134-141
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.10
PDF: kie/104/kie10410.pdf

This article is a comment on Ryszard Borowicz’s text of 1992 on the post-1989 emigration of young people from Poland and on the debate inspired by Marek Okólski’s text of 2012 on the modernising impet of emigration. Three issues are being discussed in this article: 1) the adequacy of the „brain drain” concept, 2) relations between international migrations and modernization and 3/ some examples of empirical research on this problem.

international migrations modenrization brain drain

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Konstruowanie macierzyństwa jako kwestii społecznej na przykładzie dyskursów polskiej sfery publicznej

Author: Natalia Krzyżanowska
Institution: Örebro University, Szwecja
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 142-165
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.11
PDF: kie/104/kie10411.pdf

The article highlights the relationship between transformation of the gender contract and the evolving social perceptions of motherhood in contemporary Poland. As it is assumed in line with my paper’s empirical analysis, motherhood is one of social nodal points as well as a constitutive point for women’s experience. However, the change to the ways in which motherhood is socially constructed in contemporary public and private spheres reflects the on-going transformations of the public and the private realm. Within the former and the latter, new conceptions of gender contract are being constantly proposed and are negotiated. By the same token, motherhood gradually moves from within its nature-driven and strictly private conceptualisation to becoming a social construct re/formulated in contemporary Polish public sphere. Within that process, both proponents and, especially, opponents of women empowerment voice their concerns.

gender public discourse motherhood

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Propozycja typologii rodzin – jacy są współcześni rodzice małych dzieci

Author: Monika Dąbkowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 166-187
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.12
PDF: kie/104/kie10412.pdf

An attempt to assess the structure of the studied families, patterns of their functioning, home and environment provision of toys stimulating children’s development, as well as verification of possible relationships between these variables was undertaken in this study. In order to give suggestion of typology of families there was an analysis of clusters. The study involved 126 families with children aged from 3 to 18 months. Following instruments were used: AHEMD for children aged 3-18 months and HOME for children aged 0-36 months “Interview and observation”. On the basis of the cluster analysis five types of families were distinguished – “Families with training parents”, “Families with caring parents”, “Families with parents overcoming difficulties”, “Families with elitist parents” and “Families with not-involved parents”.

Young children’s development family structure types of families the environments of child’s development

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Społeczno-polityczne uwarunkowania integracji mieszkańców wielokulturowej Łotwy w jednoczącej się Europie

Author: Katarzyna Jurzysta
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Author: Maria Marta Urlińska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 188-210
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.13
PDF: kie/104/kie10413.pdf

Economic and political changes in Europe, particularly in the last decade have led to an increase in the cultural diversity of its citizens. Latvia, which received a troubling legacy from the former Soviet Union – a diverse ethnic mix, also found itself EU. In 1989, after nearly fifty years of Soviet domination it regained its independence and stood on the way of reform and transition from a totalitarian to an independent style of governance. Among the many problems that appeared in front of this small country in 2004, there were also those that are lively debated in contemporary Europe. Some of them are laws for immigrants and minority rights. Analysis of past and present situation in Latvia seem to be particularly important to the events which have recently been seen in Ukraine which is an another country of the past Soviet Union – and after 1990 also the Russian – sphere of influence. Article deals with the integration process, with Latvian law regulating issues of citizenship, minority rights and the status of the state language as conforming to international standards. It also deals with the education of national minorities in Latvia. Bilingual education proposed to the minorities has goal to integrate the Latvian society as a whole, to build a multicultural state based on unity. Bilingual education also enables the acquisition of language skills allowing the free movement on the labor market. This ensures both the protection of ethnic and religious identity by providing the understanding of the language and culture of the country of residence. Problems of this young state are still waiting for a solution by the future government in Latvia. This small Baltic country, for ten years, is integrating multinational community of its own country into the tissue of Western Europe to which it was a stranger till the year 2004.

ethnicity minority rights Citizenship European integration multicultural education and intercultural bilingual education

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Świadomość polityczna współczesnych Rosjan

Author: Roman Bäcker
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 211-225
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.14
PDF: kie/104/kie10414.pdf

The article concerns the state of political awareness of contemporary Russians. It must be noted that the vast majority of Russians are characterized by apathy with a very strong separation between the private and the state spheres. The state sphere is understood through stereotypes and myths shaped by the state-owned media and it is characterized by the emotional mentality and the besieged fortress syndrome, with an increasing level of alienation and a feeling of hostility towards all „others”. In the private sphere, there is a predominance of vegetative thinking and, in many areas (especially in the North Caucasus), of tribal or post-tribal mentality. Only a small minority is characterized by this type of thinking, that is characteristic of a totalitarian political gnosis. Such criteria of the existence of totalitarian political gnosis as an objective foe or an aspiration to save the world (or at least a part of it) are met only by a small portion of the Russian society.

political awareness contemporary Russia state sphere private sphere

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Szkoła i armia jako podmioty oddziaływania wychowawczego państwa w myśli politycznej obozu narodowego w Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej w kontekście zainteresowań badawczych Ryszarda Borowicza historią wojskową, oświatą i politologią

Author: Witold Wojdyło
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 226-238
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.15
PDF: kie/104/kie10415.pdf

The active and direct participation of the state in the process of education was a very important and significant element that put the position of the main ideological-political formations in the interwar period in opposition to concepts constructed at the turn of the twentieth century. At the time of regaining independence, the state could be considered as one of the main subjects that were import_ant for rebuilding the awareness and collective identity of Polish people’s citizenship. Therefore, this text deals with the school and the army – institutions of educational influence during the Second Polish Republic – as the subjects of educational influence.

army Second Polish Republic educational influence school

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Psychospołeczny aspekt selekcji w systemie edukacji w zindywidualizowanym społeczeństwie. Refleksja nad badaniami Ryszarda Borowicza

Author: Tomasz Leszniewski
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 239-256
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.16
PDF: kie/104/kie10416.pdf

The text is an attempt to use of Richard Borowicz research as inspiration. The aim is to broaden the perspective of research on the problem of social selection in the education system by adding a psychosocial aspect. The article contains a theoretical reference in order to allow for an explanation of the effectiveness of the mechanism of auto-selection and placement of it in the social practices of everyday life. Interactional perspective makes the problem of social inequalities present in the experience and consciousness of man. On the other hand individualistic tendencies in society are the conditions under which self-selection mechanism can both be forced out from public awareness, as well as subject to deregulation. The latter phenomenon may lead to equal opportunities.

auto-selection social inequalities reproduction self-esteem individuality

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O równości jako kierunku zmiany i przedmiocie badań – Ryszarda Borowicza rozważania nad selekcjami w edukacji

Author: Arkadiusz Karwacki
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 257-275
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.17
PDF: kie/104/kie10417.pdf

This text should be perceived as an review article in which the content of the monograph Social Inequalities in Access to Education… by Richard Borowicz allows for the presentation of his heritage which is leftfor the next generation of sociologists and educators. The text therefore exposes the approach to the profession of sociologist which was characteristic of Ryszard Borowicz, his scientific workshop and inspirations that we may draw from in relation to how to analyze the surrounding reality, how to communicate what we have determined, how to make methodological choices and, within them, choose the methods. At the same time, the text presents the continuity of the research into sociology of education in Poland, preserved also thanks to the research by the Author of the book discussed here. What is worth emphasizing is the diagnosis and assessment of the Polish transformation at the beginning of the twenty-first century in the context of young people’s educational fates (and their determinants), which is dominant in the monograph. The essence of Ryszard Borowicz’s research interests is the study on school selections. Therefore, the text contains an attempt at analyzing the findings in the book Social Inequality… relating to the mechanisms of selection in the educational system, including the analysis of the relevance of specific content, links with the findings by other researchers, and most of all, with the Author himself – his beliefs, motivations, and attitudes, which distinguished him in the scientific community.

transformation social inequality selections youth egalitarianism meritocracy panel study

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Wizja młodego naukowca w humanistyce w ujęciu Ryszarda Borowicza. Na marginesie badań nad selekcjami w szkolnictwie wyższym

Author: Dominika Łęcka
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 276-296
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.18
PDF: kie/104/kie10418.pdf

The aim of this article to reconstruction the vision of the young scientist in humanities (characteristics, competences, optimal progress requirements) written by Ryszard Borowicz based on available references and historical sources. This is the first research to focus this vision has not been noted anywhere through the R. Borowicz’s books and articles. It presents the results of a research based on historical method allowing to combine all the data from different sources from content analysis to delthi technique.

young scientist humanities discussion promotion in science Ryszard Borowicz meritocratic theory

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Selekcje szkolne w toku kształcenia czy spontaniczne? Kilka pytań o merytokrację w świetle dorobku Profesora Ryszarda Borowicza

Author: Aleksandra Nowakowska-Kutra
Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 297-314
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.19
PDF: kie/104/kie10419.pdf

Processes of selection of schools have already constituted the object of the Doctoral Dissertation of Professor Ryszard Borowicz, prepared under a scientific supervision of Professor Zbigniew Kwieciński, and also of his numerous books and papers published throughout his whole scientific career. One of the leading concepts applied in the projects carried out by Professor Ryszard Borowicz was the meritocratic concept. Application of that theory in the explanation of phenomena taking place in the contemporary education system has been subject of critical analysis. Besides, the possible directions of studies have been proposed concerning the selection of schools, including the university-level of education. A number of questions have been raised worth answering, especially in face of dynamic transformations taking place in the Polish society that are somehow a consequence of belief in education that was supposed to create stratification mechanisms enabling promotion of positively selected individuals, according to the relation “merit-award”. With consideration for the Professor’s achievements, and for current indicators, some phenomena have been presented that currently exist in the system and are directly related with the problem of selection of schools.

school selection higher education Education market social changes meritocracy

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Pan Miyagi i transformacja szkolnictwa wyższego

Author: Dominik Antonowicz
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 315-331
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.20
PDF: kie/104/kie10420.pdf

The article is devoted to Professor Ryszard Borowicz, his research and critical analysis of the changes taking place in the Polish higher education. Ryszard Borowicz was their researcher, witness and participant, as well as, in many aspects, also their co-author, fulfilling many political, management and social functions in that period. The article aims to analyze the transformation of the Polish higher education from the point of view of Borowicz’s critical position, whose research interests were centred on revealing hidden forms of inequality in access to education. The analysis presented in this article is concentrated on the three most import_ant processes: (a) massification of higher education, (b) marketisation of higher education and (c) demographic decline as the most import_ant factors influencing the availability and quality of the education offered by the Polish higher education institutions. The text contains references to a large number of disputes and debates that I had with Professor Ryszard Borowicz throughout the past decade, for which unfortunately I did not manage to thank him.

Ryszard Borowicz higher education transformation educational inequalities

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Panel, czyli ujęcie dynamiczne w badaniach społecznych

Author: Paulina Markiewicz
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 332-348
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.21
PDF: kie/104/kie10421.pdf

The article presents a specificity of dynamic research based on panel studies. On the basis of chosen examples, including long-term Polish nationwide research, the field of panel studies application as well as difficulties in the implementation of the studies were indicated. The main purpose of this publication was to present some aspects of methodical research tools of panel study projects, that are conducted both by individual researchers and research teams. Basing on examples, panel studies diversified in terms of scope, measurement techniques, sampling and problem assumptions, were presented. The article starts with the research conducted by Ryszard Borowicz at the turn of the sixties and seventies, that includes one typical study cycle of Nicolaus Copernicus University – the research coveres the whole education cycle. Then, the article describes Polish Panel Survey POLPAN research that has been conducted since the end of the eighties. Besides determining individual trajectory of Polish fortunes, the research introduces innovative approach to social structure in a dynamic perspective. The Social Diagnosis panel studies project, of which the first round of studies was held in 2000, was in turn presented in this article with a special emphasis on defining and sampling methods, as well as mechanisms of dealing with the sample’s “mortality”. The last example included in the article, presents the research conducted by Zielonogórski Center (Ośrodek Zielonogórski), in which the panel studies method is particularly applied to the field of pedagogical studies. The comparison of such different projects, in particular studies from the seventies and contemporary studies, allowed to indicate several points differentiating research tools, and in addition, opportunities that are created by using modern technologies in the area of data collection, reaching respondents and dissemination of study results.

diachronic research panel method social dynamic social changes sample’s mortality

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Dokąd zmierza praca socjalna? – Na podstawie analizy tekstów prof. Ryszarda Borowicza „Whither Socjal Work?”

Author: Aneta Baranowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
Author: Katarzyna Wasilewska-Ostrowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 349-362
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.22
PDF: kie/104/kie10422.pdf

The purpose of this article is an attempt to show the development of Polish social work based on the works of Prof. Ryszard Borowicz. In the text were subjected to scientific reflections definitions and the main categories of research described by the author, which may be a starting point for the development of the theory and practice of social work (human dignity, work, equality and social justice, the auto-selection). The author devotes attention to questions of education and social work tasks facing contemporary social work. Text analysis R. Borowicz has allowed many findings. The main thing is that social work is transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary science that combines the traditions of different disciplines (especially sociology, pedagogy, social policy), the creation of social theory and practice should benefit from the experience of the world, but without forgetting the native and most importantly you need think about the future, and not focus on the present, because there will be more social problems and new needs that challenge for social work. Notably, many of the issues raised by the researcher is still valid and therefore worth reaching for his works and re-discover them.

social inequality social work justice equality Change Education

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Ad vocem do artykułu Ryszarda Borowicza Niektóre konsekwencje upowszechnienia wykształcenia wyższego

Author: Przemysław Ziółkowski
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 363-372
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.23
PDF: kie/104/kie10423.pdf

The article is an attempt to take a scientific controversy with one of the many valuable scientific texts written by professor Ryszard Borowicz. The article is an attempt to take a scientific controversy with one of the many valuable scientific texts written by professor Ryszard Borowicz, the eminent sociologist and educator. Posed by Professor Borowicz thesis in the analyzed text on some of the consequences spread of higher education in Poland are inspiring a deep and thorough analysis of the current condition of higher education, with particular emphasis on non-public education. Reference was made to selected parts of the article of Professor Ryszard Borowicz indicating that professor rigorous evaluation can only be some problems recognizing of the higher education in Poland from only one perspective.

Ryszard Borowicz higher education Science

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Autorzy

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 373-375
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/104/kie104auth.pdf

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