Characteristics of Anorexia Prevention Programmes. A Systematic Review

Author: Emilia Korsak
Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9677-3731
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 23-48
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.02.02
PDF: kie/140/kie14002.pdf

This study aimed to review the literature on anorexia prevention programmes targeting the general population and populations at risk and to describe the programmes selected for the review. Methods: The review was conducted under the PRISMA guidelines. The following digital databases were explored: PsychINFO, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science. 412 records, including 92 full-length research articles, were critically analysed. Fourteen studies that met all inclusion criteria were ultimately included in the analysis. Results: Most studies described prevention programmes for adolescents or young adults. The majority of the reviewed programmes targeted girls and young women. General and selective prevention programmes were the predominant types of interventions. The evaluated programmes differed considerably in content, modality, and duration. All of the reviewed studies have been published in the last 18 years. Conclusions: Further research is needed to develop anorexia prevention programmes that are more effective, deliver more lasting outcomes, and can be applied in various populations. Methods supporting the broad implementation of such programmes should also be identified.

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