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Contents

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 5-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/138/kie138toc.pdf

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SPIS TREŚCI

On the Aspects of Social Work Support for Adoptive Parents in the Process of Adoption

Author: Ingrida Baranauskienė
Institution: Klaipeda University, Lithuania
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2011-7957
Author: Ieva Kazakauskaitė
Institution: Klaipeda University, Lithuania
Author: Valdas Rimkus
Institution: Klaipeda University, Lithuania
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2363-3321
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 9-33
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.01
PDF: kie/138/kie13801.pdf

The article represents a part of a master thesis research project carried out at Klaipeda university. Concepts of biological, emotional, and procedural parenting obligations were utilised to analyse the issues of social work support for adoptive families. Procedural and emotional components were found to raise the biggest challenges. Although fostering and adoption mean raising a child deprived of parental care and usually needing additional help, social work support is mostly oriented towards fostering families. Therefore, social work support for adoptive parents while rather intensive in preparing the necessary documentation, initial training and matching of a family and a child, basically stops after the child arrives in a family. After that support remains purely voluntary and occasional. Research results show that the adoption process needs to be improved by revising training programmes, enhancing inter-institutional communication, and enriching the information provided for adoptive parents. The current procedures are seen as inefficient by social workers and adoptive parents.

social work parental obligations social work support training of adoptive parents adoption

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Empowerment in Social Workers and Academic Teachers Training

Author: Katarzyna Borzucka-Sitkiewicz
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6079-3880
Author: Katarzyna Kowalczewska-Grabowska
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9309-7600
Author: Lieve Geerts
Institution: Karel de Grote University, Belgium
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8204-6536
Author: Roland Pollefait
Institution: Haute Ecole de Bruxelles-Brabant, Belgium
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 34-44
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.02
PDF: kie/138/kie13802.pdf

The modern world is currently facing new social threats, which pose a challenge to the existing aid systems. Circumstances like intensive migration processes or the uncertain situation resulting from ongoing military conflicts cause increased cultural differences, which intensify the marginalisation and social exclusion of minority groups. The Acting in Context by Training the Trainers in Social Empowerment (ACTTE) project was prepared to respond to emerging needs. The project was implemented in a consortium of 4 universities and 4 NGOs from Poland, France, Spain, Italy, and Belgium. The main goals of the project were: (1) development of tools for intervention work (toolbox) based on the Empowerment concept (emphasising increased control over one’s own life, self-confidence, and one’s abilities, and social integration among recipients of aid activities) for employees of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working with marginalised and socially excluded people as well as academic teachers educating future educators and social workers, (2) developing competencies/skills in DPA (Developing the Power to Act) – an approach using the concept of Empowerment in people participating in training (both NGO employees and academic teachers). The article focuses on the project’s implementation process.

training social exclusion empowerment professional skills social assistance

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Care of a Close Relative as a Change in the Carer’s Lifestyle and Social Situation

Author: Lenka Haburajová Ilavská
Institution: Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Czech Republic
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4699-3381
Author: Łukasz Kwadrans
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6102-2308
Author: Lýdia Lešková
Institution: Catholic University in Ružomberok, Slovak Republic.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8483-0313
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 45-61
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.03
PDF: kie/138/kie13803.pdf

Introduction: This paper focuses on providing social care to a close relative. It is crucial in social services. Design: qualitative methodology – method of semi-structured interviews. Methods: respondents were selected to satisfy specific criteria. Particularly, these criteria were the care of a close relative who was assigned level III or IV care benefits. Another criterion according to which we selected respondents was that the carer belonged to the age group in which a person is still usually economically active. The research sample consisted of 6 respondents. Results: Based on the data analysis, we created categories to present the content of semi-structured interviews. Needs focusing on the body carried over into maintenance of one’s own physical and mental health are: the need for safety, the need for acceptance, the need for acknowledgement and respect, and the need for self-fulfilment and perspective. Conclusions: It is important to identify the care of a close relative, the specifics and needs, in the interests of configuring effective management of medical, psychological and social care, and creation of a system of social protection.

protection needs care social work career

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Trust in Modern Families Based on Own Research

Author: Mateusz Szast
Institution: Pedagogical University of Krakow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5677-6471
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 62-77
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.04
PDF: kie/138/kie13804.pdf

This article focuses the reader’s attention on understanding trust as a research category in the context of the functioning of modern families. This issue is sufficiently represented in research work, especially overall trust as the context of the functioning of modern man in the interpersonal space. However, there is no reference to family ties and their strength, which are shaped by the trust. This article is the result of part of a large research project carried out in 2020 on Polish families. The questionnaire’s questions for the analysis concerned intimate issues such as betrayal or faithfulness. The respondents were also asked about other family members having access to their personal belongings, including mutual assistance or small loans. The article draws the reader’s attention to the issues of interpersonal relations and the importance of the family in the respondents’ minds. The research contains interesting information on the preferences of the research category in shaping family relationships, the strength of family ties and the social roles performed based on these. The data show a change in the functioning of the modern family, especially in the context of its functions and family members’ roles.

family trust modern family culture of trust trust in family ties in the modern family

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Avoidant Coping Strategies in Adolescents in Situations of Social Conflict: An Attempt to Identify Personality Indicators

Author: Danuta Borecka-Biernat
Institution: University of Wrocław, Wrocław
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1401-9821
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 78-93
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.05
PDF: kie/138/kie13805.pdf

The study aimed to determine the personality indicators of the avoidant coping strategy in adolescent youth in situations of social conflict. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (adapted by I. Dzwonkowska, K. Lachowicz-Tabaczek, and M. Łaguna), the Stress Assessment Questionnaire (Kwestionariusz Oceny Stresu, KOS) designed by D. Włodarczyk and K. Wrześniewski, and Questionnaire for Coping Strategies in Adolescents in Situations of Social Conflict (Kwestionariusz do badania strategii radzenia sobie młodzieży w sytuacji konfliktu społecznego) created by Borecka-Biernat (2012). The empirical research was conducted in middle schools on 893 adolescents (468 girls and 425 boys) aged 13 to 15. An analysis of the research results indicates that a young person’s low assessment of own abilities and the assessment of a situation of conflict as a threat or harm/loss co-occur with the avoidant coping strategy in situations of social conflict.

self-esteem youth cognitive assessment avoidant coping strategy Social Conflict Situation

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The Multidimensional Nature of Individuals’ Adaptation Strategies in the Changing Life Circumstances. Analysis Based on Research of Polish Immigrants in Scotland

Author: Tomasz Leszniewski
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0458-4934
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 94-113
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.06
PDF: kie/138/kie13806.pdf

This text is an attempt to reconstruct how emigrants from Poland adapted to the living conditions in Scottish society after Poland acceded to the European Union. Using the functional perspective, four potential forms of migrant adaptation were defined according to their relations with the social system of the host country. Assimilation, integration, marginalisation, and isolation were distinguished as four essential types occurring with different intensities and frequencies. The adaptation of migrants to new living conditions was analysed using these forms concerning the following three critical dimensions of human existence: the material, the cultural, and the social. It makes it possible to show the diversity of the adaptation strategies according to gender and the problem of working in jobs below one’s skill level. On the other hand, the analysis of the cultural and social dimensions made it possible to identify issues related to the accumulation of family social capital and difficulties in transferring cultural capital between the two countries. The survey also showed that Polish migrants have a high integration potential. However, situations where unfavourable or negative experiences of migrants intensify, may constitute a fundamental basis for developing an adaptation strategy that will result in the marginalisation of this group.

identity social capital cultural capital adaptation economic emigration incomplete integration

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Euroregions, Their Influence on the Development of Polish and Czech Borderlands

Author: Krystyna Łangowska-Marcinowska
Institution: The Higher School Of Management And Administration in Opole
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4330-403
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 114-124
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.07
PDF: kie/138/kie13807.pdf

Euroregions, their influence on the development of the Polish and Czech border The Polish-Czech borderland is a system of characteristic social realities and a place where two different cultures meet. The emergence of Euroregions creates opportunities for faster development of border areas and their integration. Cross-border cooperation is located in various frames of the borderland life that affect the everyday life of residents, i.e., in the spheres of the economy (cooperation between entrepreneurs), communication (expansion of the infrastructure and infostructural network), culture, sport and tourism, ecology, education and science (research, joint implementation of EU programmes), combating all crime, and warning and assistance in states of disasters and crises (e.g., in case of a flood, fire, epidemic threats). The research presented in the publication shows that there is still a need for a lasting good functioning of the Euroregions existing on the border of Poland and the Czech Republic. Keywords: Euroregion, borderland, cross-border cooperation, attitude, lifestyle

lifestyle attitude cross-border cooperation Borderland Euroregions

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On the Unspoken Effort. Language Status, Language Category, and Language-Driven Effort of Adolescents in a Multilingual Environment

Author: Anna Karolczak
Institution: University of Bialystok, Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9423-8025
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 125-142
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.08
PDF: kie/138/kie13808.pdf

The present exploratory study investigated adolescent experiences (N = 84) at a multilingual London college to provide evidence of the psychological factors underlying language-driven effort. It was assessed in a group of students with either English as First Language (EFL) or English as an Additional Language (EAL) status, speaking English to varying degrees, concerning their personal characteristics and environment. The impact of language status and category on such an effort was explored in volunteers of all year groups, using a new theory- and practice-based Language-driven Effort Questionnaire. Differences in language-driven effort among groups with diverse language statuses occurred. EAL students put in more effort, perceiving their environment as motivating and supportive, which was reciprocal, regardless of proficiency. Also, the language category was important for early EAL learners who struggled and were sometimes lonely. The results showed that the sources of language-driven efforts in multilingual settings are both personal and environmental. The need to analyse the individual situation and use flexible methods in the classroom were signalled for the benefit of all pupils who differ in language attributes.

environment English EAL English EFL language-driven effort multilingual

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Pluricentrism in Education and Communication – Lexical Differences in English and German Varieties – Outcomes of the Research

Author: Ida Skubis
Institution: Jan Długosz University in Czestochowa
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2447-9832
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 143-164
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.09
PDF: kie/138/kie13809.pdf

The existence of language varieties has a considerable impact on communication. They influence the interaction between language users from various centres due to the number of linguistic differences observed on the level of phonetics, spelling, grammar, lexis, and pragmatics. On the one hand, pluricentric languages connect people from various centres by using the “same” language, and on the other hand, they separate them by developing national norms. This article aims to demonstrate the importance of teaching language varieties in foreign language classes because the knowledge of national norms of pluricentric languages is essential in communication with people from various centres. Both English and German are pluricentric languages. Advanced language users should be aware of the differences between language varieties and be able to use the appropriate variety according to the communicative situation. The research undertaken in this article is meant to verify the undergraduate students’ knowledge of English and German varieties, emphasising terminology used in everyday life and their abilities to communicate in languages other than English or German.

communication language varieties pluricentric languages English varieties German varieties language varieties in education

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Staying on Guard for Teaching Excellence: Managing In-Person Education at Polish HEIs During COVID-19

Author: Katarzyna Górak-Sosnowska
Institution: SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1121-6240
Author: Lidia Tomaszewska
Institution: SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1485-9305
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 165-185
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.10
PDF: kie/138/kie13810.pdf

Remote teaching became one of the key topics in educational research due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our article looks at the other side of the story, i.e., in-person education during the pandemic. This aspect of teaching excellence has been overlooked because it seemed to be thoroughly studied. However, COVID-19 has profoundly changed in-person teaching. In our study, we focus on the Polish medical and technical universities as the studies they offer include solid practical components (labs or clinical classes). Our article examines how in-person classes were administered and organised during three consecutive semesters, starting in the Spring of 2020, when teaching at Polish HEIs was mostly conducted remotely. We build our analysis on internal legal acts issued by rectors and interviews with university staff who oversaw the teaching process. The legal documents describe the procedures related to in-person teaching or frontline teaching in person. The interviews complement this image by providing the rationale behind the regulations, their reception by the students and the faculty, or the backstage of in-person teaching. The LogFrame was applied to provide a conceptual framework to understand how universities could continue providing their services.

higher education medical universities COVID-19 technical universities Poland in-person teaching

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The Analysis of Selected Motivational Mechanisms in Gamification of Higher Education

Author: Katarzyna Skok
Institution: Faculty of Education, University of Bialystok, Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1309-9674
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 186-201
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.11
PDF: kie/138/kie13811.pdf

One of the innovative perspectives to increase student involvement is gamification. The article aims to analyse selected motivational mechanisms in the context of gamification tools. The pragmatic nature of students (obtaining a better final grade, improving the organisation of the learning process) is compared with players’ experiences and the offered gamification models. While students’ goals relate mainly to effectiveness (study certificates, practical skills and knowledge with minimum effort), games are process-oriented (fun, engagement). The paper states that the differences may be apparent and proposes motivational tools that can make learners’ experience resemble players’ one. Particular attention is paid to the art of failure, autonomy, community and mandatory fun, which are discussed from the perspective of the theory of self-determination (competence, autonomy, relatedness) and cognitive dissonance (effort justification, insufficient punishment, counter-attitudinal advocacy paradigm). The article advocates voluntary participation or at least the choice of different educational paths and tools. Secondly, the paper encourages implementing features enabling students stress-free freedom to experiment and experience failure.

Education autonomy intrinsic motivation gamification cognitive dissonance

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Musical Development of Children in a Family Environment from the Research Perspective. Application of Elements of E.E. Gordon’s Music Learning Theory

Author: Beata Bonna
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3968-9541
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 202-215
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.12
PDF: kie/138/kie13812.pdf

The article focuses on the musical interactions of parents with children based on elements of E.E. Gordon’s music learning theory which intensify their musical development in different periods of their life. The individual case method and the interview technique were used in the research. The description of the results was generalised and synthesised by analysing interviews with nine family members. The research showed that almost all parents included intentional and varied activities to support their children’s musical development in the prenatal period. They also undertook them at later stages of their lives. These activities often focused on presenting diverse music in terms of style, dynamics, pace, tonality and meter, moving to it, singing for a child and with a child, and performing tonal and rhythmic patterns. It resulted in a wide variety of musical behaviours in the children, conditioned by their age and stage of musical development. It proves that early musical support is an important foundation for the proper course of this process and further musical education.

E.E. Gordon’s music learning theory musical development of children in the family from the prenatal to pre-school period children’s musical reactions children’s tonal development children’s rhythmic-motor development

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Threats Related to Patriotic Education. An Analysis of the Primary School Textbooks

Author: Dominika Gruntkowska
Institution: University in Słupsk
ORCID: 0000-0002-2904-5187
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 216-233
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.13
PDF: kie/138/kie13813.pdf

The article presents the issue of patriotic discourse in school textbooks for teaching Polish for grades 4–8 of primary schools. At the same time, this issue is placed in the aspect of recent changes in education made and announced by the minister of science and education. The analysis of the textbooks carried out using the KAD method shows that, although we constantly deal with a romantic vision of patriotism due to the canon of reading, it is sometimes broken through reflection on historical events and the past. The martyrdom tendency, formed in the period of Romanticism, is still the dominant one, the presence of which is part of the paradigm of the long duration of Romanticism. The article also addresses what patriotic education at school should be today. Not only today, but for a long time now, we have been dealing with a tendency to produce and reproduce a conservative discourse and be closed within a martyrological narrative. This way of understanding patriotism today may lead young people to consider any form of patriotism as anachronistic and inadequate to our times.

textbooks learning Citizenship patriotism school

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