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Contents

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 5-8
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/139/kie139toc.pdf

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SPIS TREŚCI

Ontodydaktyczne dylematy wobec przeciążenia informacyjnego

Author: Anna Karpińska
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid. org/0000-0001-6579-5703
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 11-21
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.01
PDF: kie/139/kie13901.pdf

Ontodidactic dilemmas in the face of information overload

The article tries to answer the fundamental question from the ontodidactic perspective: what to teach? The importance of ontodidactic dilemmas, i.e. referring to educational content, is emphasised by their context: information overload. This phenomenon has become one of the life attributes of contemporary youth. The article abounds in several facts and figures illustrating the complexity and responsibility of educational activities and the area of educational content selection. Moreover, the author engages in many issues concerning the organisation and methodology of the educational process in a time of information overload. In this background, she exposes an altered profile of a contemporary student – the homo mediens – and their expectations from school and a substantive educational offer. On top of that, she presents suggestions by ontodidacticians, which concern the directions of changes in educational content, its framework and selection.

ontodydaktyka przeciążenie informacyjne uczeń jako homo mediens ontodidactics information overload student as homo mediens

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„Wkluczeni” w sieć – wykluczeni z wolności. Partycypacja cyberprzestrzeni w wymiarze czasu

Author: Katarzyna Borawska-Kalbarczyk
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4315-2226
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 23-37
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.02
PDF: kie/139/kie13902.pdf

“Included” in the network – excluded from freedom. Cyberspace participation in the dimension of time

The issue of the text focuses on the description of changes in the way of experiencing time by people involved in digital technologies. The article discusses the causes and consequences of new forms of human location in contemporary space-time, which is shaped and modified by modern technologies. The author puts forward the thesis that the attachment of a contemporary individual to virtual space can be treated as a kind of enslavement, considered in the dimension of time. Young people, whose childhood and adolescence were shaped under the influence of dynamically developing digital technologies, were chosen as the subject of the analysis. The issue of time is analyzed in the background of the current culture, which is called “the culture of the present”. The new quality of time can be assessed as captivating due to the speed imposed on man by the rapid progress of new technologies. The text also presents ways of rational time management in the digital world (in the ecology of time trend). This trend draws attention to the threats and dimensions of the enslavement of modern man resulting from excessive haste. It promotes the need to limit the dominance of social time and respect natural time.

ecology of time acceleration culture ekologia czasu kultura przyspieszenia czas pokolenie cyfrowe digital generation technologie cyfrowe digital technologies time

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Studiowanie zdalne w perspektywie głębokiego i refleksyjnego uczenia się

Author: Walentyna Wróblewska
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8775-0514
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 38-53
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.03
PDF: kie/139/kie13903.pdf

Distance learning in the perspective of deep and reflective learning

The aim of the article is to show the process of studying young people remotely and to search for solutions leading to the improvement of the process in the perspective of deep and reflective learning. The article aims to solve the problem: how is the process of studying young people remotely? The method of individual cases, the technique of uncategorized, in-depth interview, was used to solve the problem. In the theoretical part, attention was paid to understanding the process of studying in the light of various didactic paradigms and an attempt was made to outline the approach of a deep and reflective learning process, looking for ways to improve the process of studying young people in this perspective. In the empirical part, the course of the process of studying the respondents remotely was presented, highlighting, above all, the components to which the respondents drew attention in their statements. The analysis of the empirical material shows that the process of studying young people is understood surface, superficially, it is limited to taking actions offered by the university on the educational platform. Students do not use their potential in the process of studying, they do not show full, possible commitment. The analysis of the empirical material leads to the development of practical guidelines aimed at improving the process of studying young people, which result from the assumptions of deep and reflective learning. The research shows the need to focus attention on the process of studying and its effectiveness, the need to take action by academic teachers, and above all by students focused on improving the process.

student studiowanie zdalne uczenie się głębokie i refleksyjne paradygmaty dydaktyczne edukacja akademicka distance learning deep and reflective learning teaching paradigms academic education

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O spotkaniu. W poszukiwaniu duchowego wymiaru relacji edukacyjno-wychowawczych

Author: Artur Łacina-Łanowski
Institution: Małopolska Uczelnia Państwowa im. rtm. W. Pileckiego w Oświęcimiu, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7527-4247
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 54-66
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.04
PDF: kie/139/kie13904.pdf

About encounter. In searching of spiritual dimension in educational-didactical relation

The purpose of this essay is to point out how important for righteous educational – didactical course the problem of encounter is. The method applied by author relies on analyzing the concept of encounter from the perspective of humanities and social studies. Thanks to that, there can be pointed out the essential (spiritual-metaphysical) aspect of encounter as an interpersonal event by reference to ontological category, of which example could be the space of interrelationship. The author assumed that an encounter is unquestionably a positive occurrence. The reference in this reflection is an issue of spiritual potential of homo sapiens and what comes with it – the culture condition of human population. Recently it is characterized rather weak, whereas the undisputed preeminence – domination of mass culture, which annihilates the spiritual element. For every humanist this situation is a justified reason for concern. Going back to the fundamental matter – strengthening the position of high culture, remembering that human being is an animal symbolicum and can not focus only on meeting the needs of a lower rank. Notwithstanding spirituality is demanding. It makes high demands, for the highest price, which the human has to pay that is the question of abjuration and that only a few can afford. All hope maintains in teachers – idealists who adoring the ideals of high culture will strengthen their spiritual existence and furthermore in educative process inspire and pass on values and ideals to their students, pupils. Conclusion which comes to mind after the analysis is following: a true educational – didactical relation can occur only then and exclusively when it will be in consequence of an encounter set on the spiritual foundation, of which the main beneficiaries will be students and pupils.

spotkanie edukacja wychowanie duchowość nauczyciel encounter Education didactic spirituality teacher

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Kreowanie upośledzonej tożsamości Innego w środowisku edukacyjnym (psychiatryzowanie)

Author: Beata Gumienny
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2022-9633
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 67-86
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.05
PDF: kie/139/kie13905.pdf

Creating an impaired identity of the Other in the educational environment (psychiatricization)

The aim of the article, based on a qualitative study, is to identify and interpret the meanings parents assign to messages conveyed by school personnel about the behavior of students with moderate and severe intellectual disabilities coupled with autism. The main research objective is to present the mechanism of impairment of the identity of pupils in special education, known as psychiatricization. The phenomenon of psychiatricization occurs in situations where school staff abuse and misinterpret the behaviour of people with intellectual disabilities, looking for mental illness in the behaviours they present. One of the reasons for this phenomenon is the misunderstood, behavioural-coded communication of pupils perceived as mentally ill by teachers who are convinced they should be diagnosed and treated with appropriate psychotropic drugs in order to subdue and quieten the awkward pupil. A consequence of the activities and discourse of school staff, i.e. psychiatricization, including stigmatization, harm, abuse of power-knowledge, is falsifying the identity of students, depriving them of opportunities and opportunities for optimal development and satisfying their special educational needs. The presented qualitative research is located in the constructivistinterpretative paradigm, and the mainstream of the scientific narrative is the critical theory.

tożsamość niepełnosprawność intelektualna autyzm psychiatryzowanie komunikacja identity intellectual disability autism psychiatricization communication

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Zjawisko prekariatu w filmie fabularnym

Author: Ewelina Konieczna
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8042-3956
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 87-100
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.06
PDF: kie/139/kie13906.pdf

The precariat in the feature film

This paper discusses selecting films (realized shortly before the COVID-19 pandemic) portraying the precariat in today’s world. Working poor in lowwage jobs cannot secure a livelihood, which creates frustration and leads to a loss of personal and social dignity among this social class. My main focus is human dignity in the face of poverty and economic and social marginalization, enabled by a political system allowing contemporary forms of exploitation. In this paper, I refer to social scientists and filmmakers who warn against the escalation of aggression brought on by this phenomenon. The research aim of my study was to acquire knowledge of how the precariat has been presented in selected films and whether and why this phenomenon is the cause of human dignity and social exclusion. The first part covers definitions of the terms involved (precariat, human dignity), while the second discusses three selected films that explore the subject above.

film prekariat godność ludzka wykluczenie godnościowe i społeczne pandemia precariat human dignity human dignity and social exclusion pandemic

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Bunt młodych – wyzwalająca rola roweru

Author: Aleksander Cywiński
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3945-9607
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 101-112
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.07
PDF: kie/139/kie13907.pdf

The rebellion of the young – the liberating role of the bicycle

The text is a story about a group of boys who, by following the pedagogy of adventure, change not only themselves but also a fragment of space. Institutions of power, and society itself, expect subordination within the space in which we function. It is the authority (in whatever shape) that determines the spatial development (laws, regulations, resolutions). The same is done by people who claim the right to be called the guardians of social space, that is, the validity of the social order they postulate in the place they “occupy” (house, street, district). As a result of the interference of such people, we are dealing with a “soft” variety of a total institution. The example of young cyclists from Dirt park KrossKiller in Szczecin can show this process and the form of resistance on the part of the oppressed. It is therefore about a micro-community, which through its action, can be defined as a rebellion against the so-called guardians of space who want to create their own place on Earth, they experience an adventure, by their actions, they fit into the framework of the pedagogy of adventure. While filming and writing the text, the method of observation was used.

bicycle civil society place story adventure pedagogy społeczeństwo obywatelskie miejsce opowieść rower pedagogika

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Dobre wychowywanie widziane przez kryształ, czyli savoir-vivre według Zofii Stryjeńskiej

Author: Anna Jawor
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8096-849X
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 113-130
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.08
PDF: kie/139/kie13908.pdf

Good manners seen through the crystal that is savoir-vivre by Zofia Stryjeńska

The aim of this article is an interpretative analysis of savoir-vivre guide by Zofia Stryjeńska. I analyse that in the context of other good manners guides, social reality, opinion polls and also life and work of great painter. What is interesting for me is: the understanding of savoir-vivre by Stryjeńska, the values, attitudes and gestures connected with savoir-vivre, and if Stryjeńska brings something new to this or she only repeats what other authors say. I focus not only on contents of this guide but also on its formal aspects (construction, style of expression, graphic design). One may draw three main conclusions on this publication. Firstly, Stryjeńska skillfully combine high society culture and social egalitarianism. Secondly, this is – like in art déco – geometric synthesis of what is classical and traditional and what is modern and international. Thirdly, this is anticipating of some issues, bringing some themes which had not been interesting for savoir-vivre experts so far and now they are interesting for people according opinion polls. All these features make Zofia Stryjeńska’s guide original and different than any others, both prewar and postwar, savoir-vivre guides.

savoir-vivre poradniki Zofia Stryjeńska człowiek kulturalny dobre wychowanie guides cultured person good manners

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Polska Adaptacja Skali Lęku Przed Testami Online (OTAI-PL)

Author: Paweł Schoepp
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2893-8722
Author: Patryk Góra
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0831-8796
Author: Yehor Hrymchak
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6249-2835
Author: Julia Mazur
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2715-4520
Author: Marcin Surowski
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1374-950X
Author: Jakub Traczyk
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9145-1998
Author: Agata Sobków
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5357-744X
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 131-148
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.09
PDF: kie/139/kie13909.pdf

Polish Adaptation of the Online Test Anxiety Inventory (OTAI-PL)

Test anxiety is an obstacle that may influence education and professional life. Currently, the remote form of learning is widespread. Thus, a need for measuring test anxiety in an online setting appeared. The paper describes a validation process of a Polish adaptation of the Online Test Anxiety Inventory (OTAI). Three hundred thirty-nine students participated in the study. The confirmatory factor analysis showed a similar structure to the original study (Alibak et al., 2019). The inventory consists of three scales: psychological, physiological, and online. Results of a study indicated the validity of the Polish version of OTAI: we found gender differences and statistically significant correlations with self-esteem as well as with math anxiety. Moreover, we observed high internal consistency of scales and their high test-retest reliability. Based on these results, we argue that OTAI-PL can be considered a valid and reliable inventory, which allows online test anxiety measurement and can be particularly useful in times of pandemic and the pressure on the online form of education.

lęk lęk przed testami adaptacja narzędzia nauka zdalna OTAI OTAI-PL test anxiety anxiety inventory adaptation online education

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Motywacja osiągnięć zawodowych nauczycieli edukacji wczesnoszkolnej a ich samoocena

Author: Katarzyna Nowosad
Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6841-9890
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 149-170
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.10
PDF: kie/139/kie13910.pdf

Motivation of professional achievements of early childhood education teachers and their self-esteem

The education of the youngest students requires from teachers not only professional competences but also specific personality traits and motivation that goes beyond common standards, which is a striving to compete with the standards of excellence and adequate self-assessment in terms of their ability to act effectively. Taking into account the importance of this issue, the aim of the undertaken research was to determine the relationship between the motivation of professional achievements of early childhood education teachers and their self-esteem, and to verify the working hypothesis assuming a significant relationship between these variables. The obtained results confirmed the adopted hypothetical assumptions, providing interesting conclusions.

nauczyciele edukacja wczesnoszkolna motywacja osiągnięć zawodowych samoocena teachers Early Childhood Education professional achievement motivation self-assessment

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Terapeutyczne wykorzystanie muzyki a poziom lęku nauczycieli w okresie pandemii – badanie pilotażowe

Author: Ludwika Konieczna-Nowak
Institution: Akademia Muzyczna im. Karola Szymanowskiego w Katowicach, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0394-179X
Author: Agnieszka Sepioło
Institution: Akademia Muzyczna im. Karola Szymanowskiego w Katowicach, Polska
Author: Grażyna Dzwonowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski, Polska
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 171-190
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.11
PDF: kie/139/kie13911.pdf

Therapeutic uses of music and anxiety level in teachers in times of pandemic – pilot study

During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been an increase in anxiety and distress in many populations. They particularly affected selected professional groups, e.g. teachers. Among the strategies for coping with anxiety and stress, interventions using music as a tool to reduce tension are showing promising results. For the purpose of this study, a therapeutic intervention protocol using various music-based activities was constructed. A pilot study was carried out to initially assess the effectiveness of the intervention, and – on the other hand – to check the feasibility of the proposed experiment in terms of methodology and practice. The study involved 13 participants (n = 13); a mixed study design with a triple-repeated measures was used (the GAD-7 Generalized Anxiety Questionnaire). The results were interpreted both in an individualized and experimental perspective, with a statistical analysis (ANOVA, Student’s t-test). They suggest that the original musical intervention contributed to the reduction of the level of anxiety in the time course. Due to the size of the sample and the pilot design of the study, the results should be treated with caution.

lęk nauczyciele pandemia interwencje wykorzystujące muzykę badanie pilotażowe anxiety teachers pilot study pandemic music-based intervention

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Poszukiwanie i doświadczanie wsparcia społecznego przez osoby o orientacji homoseksualnej

Author: Sylwia Ryszawy
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach, Polska
ORCID: https:// orcid.org/0000-0001-8519-4796
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 191-207
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.12
PDF: kie/139/kie13912.pdf

Seeking and experiencing the social support by people with a homosexual orientation

The article presents the results of a study on the subject of seeking and experiencing the social support by homosexual people and the social attitudes they experience (fear of rejection, lack of understanding, discrimination, acceptance). The study used the original questionnaire, which was completed by 108 people with a homosexual orientation. The research material was collected using the snowball method. The research of the results indicate the search for support in various people/groups depending on the crisis situation affecting homosexuals. The group by which they feel supported and accepted are primarily their friends, and the person with whom they most often seek and experience support in the family environment is their mother. A significant percentage of the respondents also benefit/ed from the support of specialists. Most homosexual people don’t feel accepted in Poland, pay attention to the sense of social exclusion, discrimination, fear of revealing their homosexual orientation in the sphere of social life and their own family. All these factors can cause an increased need to seek and receive social support.

wsparcie społeczne orientacja homoseksualna wykluczenie społeczne dyskryminacja postawy społeczne social support homosexual orientation social exclusion Discrimination social attitudes

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Małe miasta. Dom polski w refleksji badawczej (t. XXIX, ss. 697) oraz Małe miasta. Dom polski we wspomnieniach (t. XXX, ss. 358), red. Mariusz Zemło, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku, Białystok 2021

Author: Janusz Mariański
Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0620-8000
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 217-221
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.01.14
PDF: kie/139/kie13914.pdf

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