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Edukacja jako lustro kultury

Author: Mirosława Nowak-Dziemianowicz
Institution: Dolnośląska Szkoła Wyższa we Wrocławiu
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 7-23
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.01
PDF: kie/97/kie9701.pdf

Education as the Mirror of Culture

This article is an attempt to answer the question of relationships between culture and education, not only on the level of assumptions and declarations but also in various dimensions of social life and social science. The first issue is the question of the place of education in our country’s development strategies. The author compares two such strategies: one based on the notion of development dependent on financial markets, European Union policies, labour efficiency and Gross Domestic Product (the notion of continuity of the current development path as presented in official documents) and another notion, i.e. that of mental-cultural change. The author analyses the place and role of education in each of these notions of development. The second issue is axiology of education. The major task in this part of the paper is to present tensions and divergences between declared description of educational practices and theories that legitimise them on the one hand and the actually realised axio-normative orientation or other value-based human actions and choices on the other. The third problem is an attempt to show education and school in the process of cultural change. The subject of critical analysis is a dominant educational policy and practice, which is linked to the practically realised notion of the country’s development, and based on requirements of usefulness, effectiveness and applicability. As an illustration of this, the author examines opposition between humanities and technical sciences, which is constructed and maintained in public debate. Plenary speeches from the 2nd Congress of Education that took place in Warsaw in June 2013, are also subject to analysis in relation to this opposition. In conclusions, the author poses the question whether education remains perceived as a cultural practice or it has become yet another tool of production submitted to requirements of the market, economic development and GDP growth.

pretence alternative market dependence development Change culture Education

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Kreowanie kultury ekonomicznej Polaków elementem strategii rozwoju społeczno-gospodarczego

Author: Grażyna Krzyminiewska
Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 24-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.02
PDF: kie/97/kie9702.pdf

Creating Economic Culture of Poles as an Element of Socio-Economic Development Strategy

The raised issue relates to the importance of economic culture in the socio-economic development. Indicates that it is a crucial element of human behavior decisive how to participate in the economic life, which gives reason for the need to support development of economic culture through broadly understood education system. Draws attention to the relevance of including it in the development strategies and refers to the matter of economic education in building a pro-development economic culture.

economic education socio-economic development economic culture

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Rola doświadczeń wczesnodziecięcych w kształtowaniu zdrowia psychicznego

Author: Monika Dąbkowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 41-52
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.03
PDF: kie/97/kie9703.pdf

The Role of Early Childhood Experiences in the Shaping of Mental Health

The work concerns the role of childhood experiences in the development of mental health. It is believed that regardless of the emotional relationship and genetic predispositions, appropriately selected stimulants in the environment may also influence the young child’s development. In the first periods of child’s life the experiences gained in family pay as crucial character as the environment where this development takes place. It is emphasized in literature that appropriate intellectual and social development of a child is related with the influence of the external environment as long as it is available and logically designed. In Poland only a few studies concern families with small children – they are usually carried out by sociologists, moreover, there is also very little data on the determinants of the development of children and possible role of these for mental health. It was therefore attempted in this work to describe possible childhood experiences, which may play role in the development of mental health in childhood and adolescence or adulthood.

family resources the environments of child’s development Young children’s development mental health

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Twórczość a szkolne funkcjonowanie dziecka w klasach początkowych

Author: Karolina Kaszlińska
Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa we Włocławku
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 53-69
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.04
PDF: kie/97/kie9704.pdf

Art and School Functioning in the Early Grades

Creativeness of children in early school education as well as the means for its stimulation are important issues both for practitioners and theoreticians of early schooling. It can be observed in everyday conversations between teachers of young children, in curriculum requirements and syllabi for the integrated education as well as some academic and quasi-academic works. The reasons for that are, firstly, the growing awareness of the importance of this sphere of children’s development, and secondly, the fact that early school years are particularly important for the child. Ability to think creatively and solve problems determines success in a variety of situations. For this reason is considered to be a desirable feature, worth developing. The article concerns the relationship between creativity and functioning of children in early childhood education; especially between creative attitude and the educational achievement, as well as social relationship. It contains also an analysis of the cognitive components of the creative process and individual determinants of educational attainment and social development of the child. The author also presented the opportunity to develop creative attitudes of pupils in educational practice in classes 1 – 3. Arts, literary and mathematical education is treated here as a special additional tool to support and intensify this process.

stimulating creativity social relationships school achievement creative attitude primary education

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W kierunku empowerment

Author: Anna Pluskota
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 70-92
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.05
PDF: kie/97/kie9705.pdf

Towards Empowerment

The primary goal of this paper is to introduce the concept of empowerment, its sources, definitions and various ways to comprehend it. The author’s professional interest lies in the field of scientific research. But the topic was primarily chosen due to the fact that the concept of empowerment has not only been increasingly recognized and studied by social sciences but also widely applied in everyday life. The concept of empowerment has been utilized in many different contexts. It can be categorized as a scientific phenomenon that in spite of being popular and widely used does not have a uniform definition. Empowerment is not only a theory but also an idea, a model or a research. Empowerment is also both a process and the outcome of a process. It may be understood by any one of the mentioned meanings or all of them together. The paper is based on the assumption that empowerment is a multidimensional concept. There are two important consequences of this assumption. First of all, as already mentioned, the concept does not have one uniform definition (the definition depends on different socio-cultural and political contexts the concept operates in). Second of all, the nature of its many dimensions derives from its many levels. There are three levels of empowerment – individual, organizational and community. The paper postulates that the levels are interconnected and interact. So any change on any level influences the other levels. The levels are connected by mediating structures that are essential to find the answer to the question this paper raises – whether an individual can influence a social change? The deliberations presented in this paper are set in the educational context. The author’s reflections on the social and educational intervention models are also set in that context. The paper concludes with the thesis that the empowerment (resources) model needs to be included in the academic curriculum.

resources model strengths model deficits model mediating structures critical consciousness empowerment learning Education

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Indywidualność w społeczeństwie jako propozycja owego paradygmatu w socjologii? Refleksja nad koncepcją Jana Szczepańskiego

Author: Tomasz Leszniewski
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 93-110
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.06
PDF: kie/97/kie9706.pdf

Individuality in the Society as a Proposal of Such a Paradigm in Sociology? Thoughts on Jan Szczepański’s Concept

This paper attempts to provide a critical review of individuality theory as proposed by Polish sociologist Jan Szczepanski. It draws attention to the theoretical and methodological assumptions for showing their incompleteness and the need for further additions. A key thread following text are searching for theoretical roots of individuality within the classical and contemporary sociological theory that could fill some of the gaps and give a chance for more thorough understanding of the issues analyzed, which is individuality. The article highlights the importance taken by Szczepanski attempt to go beyond antinomian description of social reality and the distance the relational model, by emphasizing the role of loneliness in a person’s life.

individual autonomy internal world meta-theoretical reflection Theory of individuality loneliness innovation

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Nieformalne uwarunkowania rozwoju systemu akumulowania i przenoszenia osiągnięć w polskim kształceniu zawodowym i ustawicznym

Author: Magdalena Dybaś
Institution: Instytut Badań Edukacyjnych w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 111-134
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.07
PDF: kie/97/kie9707.pdf

Informal Conditioning of the Development of the Achievement Accumulation and Transfer System in the Polish Vocational Training and Continuing Education

This paper reports from a qualitative study on informal conditions for the implementation credit transfer system in vocation education and training (VET) in Poland based on European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET). The study was conducted just before the new law of VET (October 1st 2011) came into force. It introduced: (1)new vocational core curriculum which includes 200 school occupations, in which 252 qualifications are distinguished, (2) learning outcomes approach, (3) the examination requirements based on learning outcomes specified for the qualifications, and other tools supporting credit transfer and accumulation. The main purpose of the paper is to analyse the VET stakeholders knowledge, understanding and opinion on these new solutions and general on credit transfer and accumulation concept which aims at supporting development of lifelong learning. On the very general level respondents support all solutions that could improve learners employability and education opportunities. However part of them do not perform in-depth knowledge and reflections on such concepts as learning outcomes approach. They indicate also a number of drawbacks of the VET reform in Poland that is implemented in a hurry without sufficient support for schools, teachers and learners.

reform of VET system in Poland vocational education and training (VET) credit system learning outcomes adult education

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Absolwenci w kleszczach kryzysów? Analiza sytuacji osób kończących studia na tle przemian rynku pracy

Author: Marta Chyła
Institution: Kujawsko-Pomorska Szkoła Wyższa w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 135-148
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.08
PDF: kie/97/kie9708.pdf

Graduates Caught by Crises? Analysis of the Situation Faced by People Finishing Education in Relation to the Transformations on the Labour Market

The article presents analysis and auto-analysis of the chances of the pedagogy students on the labour market. Only students that have finished their education between years 2006 and 2009 were considered. In these years polish labour market was between two financial crises, that could have been visible in unemployment rate, room 2004, very high unemployment rate systematically dropped, until in 2008 it reached the lowest rate since the political transformation. However, global financial crisis that begun in USA, started to affect the situation in Poland and at the beginning of 2009 unemployment started to rise. In addition to this, some global tendencies on labour market appeared, among them, deterioration of the young people situation. Despite, the examined students have finished their studies when the unemployment rate was relatively low, they chances to find dream job was not very optimistic. They have found themselves in a trap between crises, their ambitions and between the market opportunities.

globalization of labour market labour market in Poland since 2006 to 2009 graduates economic crisis students unemployment

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Codzienność a niektóre znaczenia Internetu . Analiza wizualna i konwersacyjna fragmentu komiksu nadesłanego na Ogólnopolski Konkurs Socjologiczny „Życie w Internecie”

Author: Aleksandra Nowakowska-Kutra
Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 149-170
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.09
PDF: kie/97/kie9709.pdf

Daily Life and Some Meanings of the Internet. Visual and Conversational Analysis of a Comic Book Fragment Sent to the All-Polish Sociological Competition “Life in the Internet”

In order to answer the research questions, the visual and conversation analyzes of a part of the selected work of art (a cartoon) were carried out and presented. The work was submitted by a student of an upper-secondary school to the Polish Nationwide Sociological Competition „Life on the Internet” organized by the Institute of Sociology of the University of Economy in Bydgoszcz. The competition had been inspired by the similar undertakings carried out in Poznań by Florian Znaniecki in the beginnings of the 20th century. The project bases on the assumption that the social reality is a creation of constant, everyday interactions taking place between its members and the objects to which social meanings were given. The Internet, still remaining in the phase of social construction, is such an object, too, and the source of meanings for it are the complex interactions between the Internet-users. Therefore, it has been assumed that the users direct their actions towards the object basing on the meaning they have for it. The aim of the paper is to reply to the question of what meanings are socially given to the Internet within the everyday (habitual) social interactions via the text (language), the social actions and the images.

social meanings sociological competitions conversation analysis visual sociology symbolic interactionism comics internet

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„Femina oeconomica”, czyli o apoteoretycznej obecności kobiet w ekonomii

Author: Natalia Krzyżanowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 171-193
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.10
PDF: kie/97/kie9710.pdf

“Femina oeconomica”, or the Apotheoretical Presence of Women in Economics

The present study deals with the problem of apparent absence of women from socioeconomic processes as well as from the related theoretical and methodological reflections within the field of economics. The article points to the fact that gender-related ideas as well as their relevance for women’s activity in the public sphere are central to undertaking issues of women participation in economy. It does so from the perspective of such trends of scholarly reflection as feminine economics as well as the more emancipation-oriented and inequality-centred feminist economics.

feminist economics private sphere economics public sphere gender economy

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Wojna dwóch światów…, czyli o zależnościach między zawodami żołnierza a rodziną. Przyczynek do badań

Author: Aneta Baranowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 194-212
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.11
PDF: kie/97/kie9711.pdf

War of Two Worlds…, or the Relations between the Soldier’s Profession and Family. An Contribution to the Studies

This article attempts to analyze the problems arising at the junction of two social institutions: the army and military families. It shows, in the face of the transformations taking place in the area of family life and in the face of professionalization of the Polish Armed Forces, how complex relationships between these two worlds are created. The article raises the issue of dual loyalty and „greed” of these institutions. A feature that modern family and the army share is the fact that each of these institutions would like to focus the attention and energy of its members and involve them in their actions as much as possible, which would secure their operations. Such a demanding attitude, however, has a negative impact on the performance of social roles outside the institution. The empirical analyses on the topic conclude with the condition and problems of modern military family. They also show how the duties and requirements for the profession of a soldier affect the organization, structure and functions of the family, the course and the rhythm of their life, homely atmosphere, the content and scope of the role played, the manner of satisfying their needs and the lever of the satisfaction. This text is a contribution to further research of the presented issue.

military/family conflict greedy institutions military family

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Bezrobotni 50+ na rynku pracy – trudności zatrudnieniowe oraz wybrane działania wspomagające

Author: Lidia Domańska
Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 213-233
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.12
PDF: kie/97/kie9712.pdf

The Unemployed Over the Age of 50 on the Labour Market – Employment Difficulties and Chosen Supportive Actions

The author deals in her article with situation of the unemployed over 50 years of age on labour market. She presents structure of this population and its place in the unemployment as a whole. The article describes occurrence of ageism, i.e. unequal treatment of this group on labour market. Employment rate of this group in Poland is one of the lowest amongst the European Union countries. The author pays attention to progressive demographic changes and the need of opening labour market to people at the age of 50 and more. This is a special group of the unemployed, which should be included in labour force. Stereotypical thinking of employers about fewer abilities of older people compared with group of 24-year-olds, is the lingering myth of Polish society. Long-term labour market policy should eliminate discriminatory actions, encourage employing people in this age group and emphasize the significance of work experience.

discriminated groups rate of unemployment ageizm labour market unemployment

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Samotność osób starszych w kontekście zmian demograficznych

Author: Katarzyna Wasilewska-Ostrowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 234-244
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.13
PDF: kie/97/kie9713.pdf

Solitude of the Elderly in the Context of Demographic Changes

Year 2012 was declared the European Year of Active Ageing and Intergenerational Solidarity. The eyes of Europe have been directed on an important issue of the problems of the elderly. Old age, which is naturally inscribed in human development, should be filled with satisfaction and joy, is often a phase of loneliness. Loneliness is very difficult for people in old age. Its social, emotional and axionormative dimension may be highlighted. In this work, I emphasize the need to become interested in the elderly, for whom appropriate prevention and intervention strategies should be prepared.

marginalization loneliness old age

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