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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 5-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/142/kie142toc.pdf



The (Non)Memory of “Ethnic Childhood” as a Dimension of Cultural Heritage

Author: Adela Kożyczkowska
Institution: University of Gdańsk, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7952-1321
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 9-22
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.01
PDF: kie/142/kie14201.pdf

Today, ethnic minorities have entered the second wave of emancipation. They are fighting for the right to cultural autonomy, the right to have their own past, history and social memory. The aim of the article is to learn how ethnic minorities “recover” lost social memory in the area of childhood memory and how they work to create ethnic identity again. The text is composed of four parts. The first presents selected aspects of childhood culture. The second is presents Pierre Nora’s concept of memory. The third is presents the results of research on selected ethnic literary texts (Kashubian and Silesian). The author’s conducted semantic and structural analyzes (in the approach of Roland Barthes and Paul Ricoeur). The analyzes allowed us to recognize ethnic childhood as a space of existential suffering and a time of loss of ethnic identity. The answer – in childhood and adulthood – are specific identity strategies. they are aids in constructing a new ethnic identity. The fourth part is Summary and reflection closing the text.

childhood culture cultural autonomy social memory ethnic identity ethnic minorities

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The State of Research on the National Education Commission in the Context of Its Anniversaries

Author: Elwira Kryńska
Institution: University of Bialystok, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6181-2414
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 23-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.02
PDF: kie/142/kie14202.pdf

The aim of the article is to analyze the state of research on the Commission of National Education in the context of its anniversaries, especially anniversary celebrations and scientific achievements in 1873, 1973, 2013 and 2023. The historical-comparative method was used, which is used in research on the course of phenomena and processes taking place in past and is based mainly on the analysis of historical sources. Ceremonies commemorating the founding of KEN provoke increased interest in its merits, because the achievements of this distinguished institution are still in the center of attention, not only of historians, education historians, educators, lawyers, but also of those who treat the Polish Enlightenment tradition as an inspiration for reforming the education system. And this is hardly surprising, because the National Education Commission inspired young people with the spirit of citizenship and patriotism, and thus contributed to the survival of Polish culture and language. Moreover, subsequent anniversary celebrations are also a great way to pay tribute to the members and people cooperating with KEN. Generally, these are activities that serve to consolidate historical memory, because good memory of the past is also a clear awareness of the connection with the present.

Poland National Education Commission Enlightenment jubilee research

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The Pedagogical Concept of Penitentiary Reforms by Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi. Vision, Contexts, and References

Author: Dariusz Schmidt
Institution: University of Warsaw, Polska
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 41-66
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.03
PDF: kie/142/kie14203.pdf

The text is devoted to the analysis of Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi’s pedagogical concept of reforming criminal legislation, modernizing the prison system and dealing with convicts. Although this is not the main axis of his work and covers only a few texts, the message contained in them, supported by the author’s practical activity, makes him considered one of the main prison reformers of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the mental father of the first wave of Swiss penitentiary reforms and the protoplast of the educational view of the purpose of imprisonment. After a introduction, the importance of Pestalozzi’s work and activities for modernizing the prison system is presented, followed by an analysis of his proposals in this regard. However, not only a presentation of his views on the treatment of criminals and the handling of convicts was made, but also the contexts and references of his ideas were extensively outlined, referring to his literary works, his practical outreach and education activities, but also illustrating his immersion in the current of reforms of the time and references to figures with whom he worked and valued. The author hopes that this will put Pestalozzi’s visionary postulates into a broader perspective.

Pestalozzi Switzerland prison system penitentiary reforms Education convicts

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Distance Education: An Analysis of Learning Theories in an E-learning Environment

Author: Krystian Tuczyński
Institution: University of Rzeszów, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8220-2199
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 67-79
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.04
PDF: kie/142/kie14204.pdf

The article concerns theoretical considerations on psychological concepts of learning in the context of e-learning. The author begins the theoretical analysis by reviewing the literature, including behavioural, cognitive and humanistic theories. Based on a detailed analysis, cognitivism is indicated as a theory that has particular application in e-learning, especially due to the continuity of the teaching process and adapting the content to the student’s level. An example of a cognitive model is D. Kolb’s model, which can be effectively used in e-learning because it includes closed cognitiveexperimental processes. The basic argument for adopting cognitive theories as dominant in e-learning is their ability to maintain the continuity of the educational process, which can be effectively implemented via e-learning platforms. A key element connecting cognitive theories with e-learning is the Multiple Coding Theory, which suggests that the transfer of knowledge becomes more effective when it takes place through different channels, enabling reception through several senses.

learning theories cognitivism e-learning distance learning

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Application of Literature in Health Sciences. Memory Loss in Lisa Genova’s Still Alice

Author: Małgorzata Skrzek-Wielmowiec
Institution: The John Paul II Catolic University of Lublin, Poland
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 80-94
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.05
PDF: kie/142/kie14205.pdf

Scientists were interested in better patient care and sought the best measures to achieve this goal. One path is through incorporating humanities into medical and healthcare practitioners’ education. The really big idea is that one studies humanities to become a better human, and while there are a billion reasons to study humanities, this paper focuses on how, through art and humanities, people can comprehend health, illness, and disability, namely how literature can be used to raise awareness about Alzheimer’s disease. This paper introduces the notion of medical and health humanities, briefly summarises their beginning, and how, so far, the applied literature in health sciences has been used. Next, the idea is illustrated in the example of Lisa Genova’s novel Still Alice. This part analyses how sickness and its impact on people’s lives is portrayed. Finally, the article proposes an original mode of application to acquire a deeper insight into illnesses, well-being, and pain that might be fostered in future healthcare providers, as well as a better understanding of patients and their caregivers.

literature health sciences health humanities Lisa Genova

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Mental Representations of the Body and Malleability of the Sense of Body Ownership in Schizophrenia within the Embodied Subject Model

Author: Beata Mirucka
Institution: The John Paul II Catolic University of Lublin, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3903-1280
Author: Monika Kisielewska
Institution: University of Bialystok, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5221-1649
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 97-119
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.06
PDF: kie/142/kie14206.pdf

The presented study was intended to shed some new light on the disturbance of body experience in persons with schizophrenia in reference to the Embodied Subject Model. The model proposes to complement theoretical linkages between concepts related to bodiness – body self and mental representations of the body (body schema, body image, body awareness) and a relatively new concept of body identity. The main research questions were: Given that persons with schizophrenia are characterised by the painful experience of their body as an external object, would they also manifest i/ weakened sensorimotor integration mechanisms, ii/ disordered mental representations of the body, iii/ weakened sense of body ownership? 41 individuals with schizophrenia and 41 matched controls participated in the Rubber Hand Illusion procedure. Body representations were measured with a Battery of Tests of the Body Self Representations. The individuals with schizophrenia showed lower scores in three body representations and greater susceptibility to the rubber hand illusion. It suggests that the explanation of susceptibility to disturbances in the sense of body ownership should be focused on the deficient structure of mental representations of the body.

mental body representations body self schizophrenia body ownership rubber hand illusion

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The Attitude of Young Adults to Others in Culturally Diverse Environments

Author: Barbara Grabowska
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2558-0294
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 120-131
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.07
PDF: kie/142/kie14207.pdf

The subject matter discussed in the article comprises the issues related to social relations, in particular with making life choices by young adults: the decisions related to the choice of friends, the choice of a life partner or a consent to the marriage of the child with a person of a different religion or nationality. The research with the use of the survey method was conducted among students from the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia, living in culturally diverse areas. The surveyed students show an open attitude towards Others in terms of religion. The results of the study confirmed the earlier tendency to choose close acquaintances and friends, regardless of their religious denomination. Students are a little less willing to choose a life partner and are aware of the difficulties encountered by mixed marriages.

religiousness sense of identity social identification university students Czech Republic Poland slovakia

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Jidisze Mame. Two Biographies of Polish Jewish Women

Author: Joanna Cukras-Stelągowska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0120-9693
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 132-152
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.08
PDF: kie/142/kie14208.pdf

The article presents the biographies of representatives of the third post-war generation of Polish Jews. It attempts at reconstructing the experiences of becoming a religious Jew, choosing a Jewish path in adolescence where there is no or incomplete transmission of intergenerational cultural heritage in the family of origin. The two women’s biographies were analysed in terms of independent acquisition of cultural (religious) knowledge and the possibilities and limitations of Jewish education in our country. The research was carried out based on the biographical method and unstructured/ in-depth interviews (2018–2022). Exemplifications in the form of the two biographies serve to distinguish the stages of “becoming a religious Jew and mother” in the “found generation”, to show individual biographical events and common biographical sequences (mostly educational and parental).

motherhood Jidisze Mame Jewish upbringing biography generations

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Film Dilogy about Faith, Suffering, and Illness. Media Images of Catholic Priests Based on the Films Father Stu and Johnny

Author: Marek Sokołowski
Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2658-9880
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 153-164
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.04.09
PDF: kie/142/kie14209.pdf

The aim of the article is the issue of the media image of two priests, created for the needs of popular culture in biographical feature films. The first of them is the American priest Stuart Ignatius Long, portrayed in the film Father Stu. The second is the Polish priest Jan Kaczkowski, shown in the film Johnny. The films, due to the fact that they present people called to the priesthood, priests of the Catholic Church who devote themselves to religious activities, meet the criteria of religious cinema. The research issue was to determine whether the film productions about the mentioned priests are film hagiographies of clergy, confessional religious cinema or only loosely refer to the true biographies of priests. Priests, who struggled with their own handicap and illness for most of their lives, which they never hid from their faithful, did not hinder their pastoral ministry.

religious movies film hagiographies media image priest Stuart Long priest Jan Kaczkowski

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