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Contents

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 5-8
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/109/kie109toc.pdf

Niekończące się śniadanie. Telewizja jako hipertekst

Author: Tomasz Kozłowski
Institution: Collegium Da Vinci w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 11-26
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.01
PDF: kie/109/kie10901.pdf

The present article concerns the issue of transferring practices typical for the Internet hypertext onto the ground of TV media. Evolution of TV transfer is characterized by increasing tendency to “downlink” other places in the info-sphere, placing references to numerous previews, pointing out other sources. All this contributes to the fact that TV may be perceived as next - apart from the Internet - medium of network nature. A substantial part in this process is played by the celebrities, who constitute a kind of core, around which all remaining elements of medial network are arranged. However, the process of “networking” TV is far more than purely marketing strategy of creating the most attractive message possible. It constitutes the reflection of the way human brain works, which prefers the analysis of cut and separated, out-of-context messages to longer and more subtle ones.

Web 2.0 media tabloid celebrity hypertext net television internet

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Medycyna i jej metafory. O roli metafor w komunikacji lekarz–pacjent

Author: Jan Domaradzki
Institution: Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Karola Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 27-46
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.02
PDF: kie/109/kie10902.pdf

Metaphors are vital for medical practice and experience of illness. They enable negotiation of shared semantic space between physician’s and patient’s thought and language. For patients metaphors brighten difficult and abstract medical terminology regarding diagnosis, course of illness and therapy. They help attach shared meanings to body, health and illness. Metaphors also enable construction of the idea of what illness actually is, and thus they help in dealing with illness’ experience. It is due to the fact that metaphors enable expression of thoughts and feeling that are difficult to articulate: pain, suffering and fear of death. On the other hand, making use of metaphors may lead to misunderstanding and misinterpretation of reality. They may be a source of confusion, stereotypes and social exclusion. All in all, medical education should stress that medicine is not only a technē but also an art of interpretation in which metaphors are of key importance. Thus, this paper aims to describe main metaphors present in medical discourse: military metaphor, detective, terror, mechanic, (bio) informative, (bio)chemist, puzzle and riddle, economic, sport, ecologic, automobile, journey and dirt. I also describe some of metaphors present in genetic discourse: DNA as a text, code, information just as sacral and cartographic metaphors. My main thesis suggests, in opposition to Susan Sontag, that metaphors are vital to our understanding of illness and are essential for doctor - patient communication.

disease medicine metaphor medical education physician-patient communication Susan Sontag

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Otwartość na dialog w mediacjach rodzinnych

Author: Hanna Przybyła-Basista
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 47-71
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.03
PDF: kie/109/kie10903.pdf

The objective of this paper was to analyze the socio-cultural and personal reasons pivotal to the openness of the conflicting parties to a dialogue in the framework of family mediation. In the quest to answer the question what factors can influence the development of the family mediation in Poland and its acceptance both by the society and the families in conflict, the author presented the results of international and Polish research on the efficacy of the family mediation process and the readiness of the parties to use the mediation in family conflicts. Two theoretical concepts characterizing the socio-cultural origins of resistance to mediation were analyzed in detail, namely that of the social resistance proposed by B. Mayer and that of the moral resistance by R. Benjamin. Moreover, the paper addressed the issue of the promotion of mediation together with the unrealistic expectations as to what can be achieved through mediation, mythologization of mediation and dilemma connected with the neutrality of the mediator. Finally, an integrated systemic approach to family mediation was proposed, which could enhance the chances of acceptance of the mediation by the parties in conflict. In essence it is proposed that the promotion of mediation should be exercised on three levels: (1) general societal level (to promote the winwin solutions in family conflicts), (2) level of specific educational activities for the conflicted parties (e.g. organization of pre-mediation consultative meetings), and (3) level of specific actions targeted at various professional groups (e.g. judges, lawyers, probation officer, employees of the family support centres, etc).

family mediation resistance readiness efficacy promotion neutrality

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Kategoria duchowości - ślady obecności w tekstach J.J. Rousseau, J.H. Pestalozziego i J.F. Herbarta

Author: Marta Znaniecka
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 72-91
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.04
PDF: kie/109/kie10904.pdf

This article provides an analysis of the category of spirituality found in the texts of classical pedagogues such as: J.J. Rousseau, J.H. Pestalozzi and J.F. Herbart. Spirituality appears in these texts in the sense of morality and its varieties such as the heart, the inner life, but also the mental horizon. This way of understanding spirituality traditionally has belonged to religious context and is particularly visible in herbartian pedagogy. In the texts of Rousseau and Pestalozzi there is a belief that institutionalized religion called to be representative of morality is not fulfilling its role properly. Therefore, they establish the higher instance of religion - noninstitutional, personal, internal, involving an independent search for meaning in life. What attracts particular attention is the fact that despite the high rank given to the thread of morality/spirituality by presented here authors, this issue remains the “fuzzy” concept and lacks of detailed indications as to the ways of its implementation. This ambiguity, which operates poetic language and the lack of specific references of a practical nature, seems to be one of the causes acting on behalf of the exclusion of spirituality from the educational impact. This analysis is the first stage of the theoretical description of spirituality, which in the field of pedagogy is very fragmented, ambiguous, and thus difficult to undergo pedagogical reflection. It is also a step towards “disenchantment” of the analyzed category, by which I mean the process of rational and critical overview of spirituality; this in turn paves the way for realizing the sense that I find in making the category of spirituality useful for pedagogy: undergoing reflection and being translated into educational practice.

history of pedagogy morality religiosity spirituality

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Francisa Bacona interpretacja Księgi Daniela i milenarystyczne nadzieje

Author: Przemysław Wewiór
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 92-109
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.05
PDF: kie/109/kie10905.pdf

Apart from methodology of science, Francis Bacon is usually associated with secularism. According to secular interpretations, Bacon’s major purpose was to substitute a political concept of hope for a Christian one by formulating an infallible researching method and depicting a political utopia based on scientific and technological achievements. Recently, however, scholars increasingly read Bacon’s works in the context of 16th and 17th century religious discourse. By evoking this new interpretational attitude, the article derives Bacon’s scientific ideas and the utopia from millenarian hopes. Millenarism is an eschatological doctrine according to which the salvation foretold in the Scriptures will have also an earthly, temporal dimension. Bacon interprets the Bible and historical events in order to prove that at the beginning of 17th century the prophecy included in the Book of Daniel and concerning the Kingdom of God on earth came into being. According to Bacon, there were four sings indicating the realisation of the prophecy: the reformation, geographical discoveries, the development of arts, and emerging of the British Empire.

Francis Bacon millenarism the Book of Daniel virtue of hope early modern idea of progress history of early modern Great Britain

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Ideały wychowania taoistycznego w kontekście założeń i kierunków pedagogiki zachodniej

Author: Paweł Zieliński
Institution: Akademia im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 110-131
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.06
PDF: kie/109/kie10906.pdf

An important objective of this article is to enrich the heritage of Polish education regarding knowledge of traditional purposes of education, especially the Taoist one. In addition, the author resolves the problem related to the occurrence of the main antinomy between Western pedagogy, which is individualistic and collectivist approaches in education, also visible in the Far East model of education. Main goal of this article is to enable a better understanding of the ideas and ideals of education contained in the Far Eastern philosophical and religious systems. The author is also looking for relationships and common education values in consideration currents Taoism and western directions pedagogy, in order to create a basis for dialogue and common understanding. By referring to the hermeneutic reconstruction and comparative studies, author represents the ideals of education in the mainstream of philosophical Taoism, as a true man - zhenren and related categories: dao, de, wuwei, pu and ziran. He analyzed the work assigned to Laozi, Zhuangzi, Liezi and other Taoists. The author also presents the ideals of mainstream education in the form of religious Taoism changsheng busi - physical immortality and neidan purposes, as well as Taoist principles of moral conduct. He takes into consideration the contribution of Li Shaojun, Wang Chunyang, Zhang Boduan and religious schools of Taoism. From the author’s research you can find out that the ideals of education Taoist both analyzed trends are often very similar, moreover - identical with the ideals of education in Mahayana Buddhism and have a lot in common with Western pedagogical directions. These are compounds with naturalism pedagogical, cultural pedagogy, psychology and pedagogy humanist Carl R. Rogers and other trends of humanistic education like Gestalt pedagogy, in addition to personalistic pedagogy and existential pedagogy, ecological pedagogy and many others. Author’s interpretation of Taoist ideals departs from previous positions, in which Taoism was rejecting the importance of the role of society in human development.

Far East religious and philosophical systems humanistic education culture pedagogy zhenren Zhuangzi Laozi Taoism ideal of education

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„Magisterkę kupię”. Przedstawianie cudzych prac dyplomowych jako dysfunkcjonalna innowacyjna strategia edukacyjna

Author: Beata Bielska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 135-155
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.07
PDF: kie/109/kie10907.pdf

Purpose of his article is to present to the reader the phenomenon of submitting somebody else’s MA thesis as one’s own. Based on author’s studies (experiment, in-depth interviews and content analysis) the most important characteristics of this “business” are described: terms of transactions, buyers and sellers characteristics, prices, seasonal, types of thesis and so on. In the second part of this article is presented the interpretation of the phenomenon contexted to Robert Merton’s functional theory. The theory helps to present selling and buying thesis as an innovative strategy in educational system, but at the same time dysfunctional. Not only a microsociological point of view is presented but also a broader context is described: anomy phenomena in Polish society.

Plagiarism anomy academic dishonesty Robert Merton’s functionalism contract cheating submitting somebody else’s MA thesis as one’s own

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Pomiędzy edukacją patchworkową a kombinowaniem. Studenckie strategie radzenia sobie na studiach i ich uwarunkowania

Author: Dorota Pauluk
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 156-175
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.08
PDF: kie/109/kie10908.pdf

In context of current psychological and pedagogical works, pupils/students are treated as active „players” who are able to deal with unfavorable educational environment effectively. In response to that, they experience in schools or universities every day, they use different strategies of coping with formal and informal requirements. These strategies are one of the dimensions of the so-called hidden curriculum. The purpose of this article is - on the basis of the content’s analysis of the UJ pedagogy student essays - to reconstruct the students strategies of coping in university and its determinants. Studying at the university students gain an informal knowledge that pedagogy is a low social status field of studying, is not particularly forwardlooking, the education they obtain is incomplete. To increase their chances at the labor market, they are taking part in various forms of training, also outside of the university. This spontaneous activity gives them worldly wisdom, sense of agency, personal growth, developing self-confidence and a better future. The attractiveness of the so-called patchwork education weakens their interest in official knowledge and formal education. Students learn many negative coping strategies at the university. Their primary goal is to gain profits - graduation - while minimizing their time and commitment. Strategies used by them survival and „working an angle” are examples of violations of the law, teach instrumental approach to: knowledge, teachers or peers. The results of the research showed that these strategies have demoralizing effect on other students, reducing their motivation and academic ambitions. A number of the strategies referred to in the paper disclose different dimensions of bogus student life and undermine various myths concerning the centuries-old mission of the university.

student coping strategies at university student of pedagogy hidden curriculum

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Kompetencje do odbioru filmów dokumentalnych. Na przykładzie analizy narracji studentów pedagogiki

Author: Ewelina Konieczna
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 176-191
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.09
PDF: kie/109/kie10909.pdf

This paper highlights the main issues concerned with competences necessary for the documentary film reception. The main purpose of this article is to investigate pedagogy students’ (specialization: social-cultural animation) understanding of documentary films on the basis of their narration and to define the basic competences in film understanding. According to the thesis, competences for proper film reception require general knowledge which enables individuals to make choices, understanding conventions, contexts and interdependences. Research focuses on the reception of Polish documentary films created before the political changes in 1989. The analysis of results and final conclusions are based on Umberto Eco’s and Francesco Casetti’s theoretical concept of the text assumptions. The study has confirmed assumptions presented above and justified the following conclusion: documentary film is a text based on the specific competence of the spectator but also contributes to the formation of certain competence. The film text makes the spectator capable of actualizing the various meaning-contents and the role of the spectator is to update his knowledge while receiving documentary film. The textual cooperation gives the spectator an essential role in the process of creating meaning.

film reception competences documentary film text

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Dyscyplinowanie uczniowskiego ciała. Analiza doświadczeń związanych ze szkołą jako przestrzenią biopolitycznej regulacji

Author: Marcela Kościańczuk
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 192-204
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.10
PDF: kie/109/kie10910.pdf

The article presents such topics as: presence and absence of pupils body in Polish educational practice. Michel Foucault works and especially “biopower” and discipline concept is a theoretical background of the text. Michel Foucault didn’t analyze system of education in a wide sense; however a lot of his ideas were illustrated by educational examples (connected with mechanisms presented in military secondary schools or Jesuits’ boarding schools). This text presents different educational context. It is focused on young people (under the age of 35) memories connected with their own educational background in Poland, in non-religious public schools (3 of responders were pupils of sport-schools). The article presents results of the quantitative survey (in a group of 101 people). Survey contained open and closed questions focused on: presence of “body” as a topic of classes, attitude toward body of the pupil, mechanisms of shaping pupil’s body and connection between them and ideas of the “class order”. Article presents retrospective graduated pupils point of view on their school experiences connected with direct and indirect strategies of shaping pupils’ body in such context as space and time of education.

discipline pupil’s body shaping the body image of the pupil Michel Foucault

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„Komercjalizacja Barbary” - pozasemantyczne uzasadnienie identyfikacji językowej w reklamie

Author: Aleksandra Jasielska
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 205-218
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.11
PDF: kie/109/kie10911.pdf

One of the advertising strategies is the use of names of their own. The name is given to products or to the characters of commercials. The name Basia is especially operated in Polish commercials. This article assumes that the popularity of this name is conducted beyond its semantic, denotative meaning and is result of emotive associations. The sound symbolism, the infant/child-directed speech and connotative meaning were used to analysis the Basia’s “commercial potency”. It was established, that every of these phenomena was assigned to another level of lingual organization - from phonological to pragmatic - and has a specific impact into evoking the positive associations to neutral objects, which are signed by lingual symbol, which initiates pleasant feelings.

Commercial levels of language organization sound symbolism infant/child-directed speech denotative meaning connotation

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„Babie lato” na obrazie Józefa Chełmońskiego i w poezji Michaliny Chełmońskiej-Szczepankowskiej

Author: Zofia Ożóg-Winiarska
Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 219-231
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.12
PDF: kie/109/kie10912.pdf

The aim of the article is to present some aesthetic and ideological relationships between different cultural texts - the painting of Józef Chełmoński entitled Babie lato (Indian Summer, 1875) and its poetic ekphrasis with the same title written by Michalina Chełmońska-Szczepankowka (1937). The article describes cultural axiology and poetic sense of the perception of the painting which focuses on the visual theme of Indian summer. The presented interpretation demonstrates that the ideological message of the poem comprises the symbols of the Indian summer inspired by the poetics of the painting, namely praise of freedom, imagination and creative artistic thrust, which people derive directly from both the beauty of their native land and the truth about the order of life imposed by the natural law of the motherland, irrespective of its social and economic situation as well as its historical conditions.

values, realistic painting symbols ekphrasis axiology poems for children children’s and youth literature Michalina Chełmońska-Szczepankowska Józef Chełmoński

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Gender niemile widziany?

Author: Ewa Banaszak
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Author: Paweł Czajkowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Author: Dorota Majka-Rostek
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 235-244
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.13
PDF: kie/109/kie10913.pdf

The article is an aftermath of the conference Gender Unwelcomed? Sociocultural Dimension of Sex and Gender in the Private and Public Sphere organised on the 4th day of December, 2014 by the Institute of Sociology, University of Wrocław. The first part of the article introduces the specifity of the notion of gender as it functions in the social sciences, whereas the second part presents ideological outlines of using this notion in the modern public discourse. Last but not least, the third part of the article provides information on the assumptions and theoretical scope of the conference.

gender dispute gender ideology gender

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Płynność płci biologicznej i performatywność płci kulturowej

Author: Renata Ziemińska
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 245-253
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.02.14
PDF: kie/109/kie10914.pdf

The distinction between sex and gender can be detailed by distinguishing several levels of biological sex and social gender: genetic or chromosomal sex, gonadal sex, hormonal sex, internal and external morphologic sex, phenotypic sex, assigned sex, gender of rearing, gender identity. Untypical modification on first four levels (during sex differentiation and brain programming of fetus, and at puberty) results in intersex newborns, transgender and other non-normative people. They are clear examples of fluidity of the biological sex and they question the idea of two „natural” sexes (nature turns out to be diverse and fluid). The fluidity thesis matches the social construction thesis, for instance, Judith Butler’s performative theory of gender. According to it, gender is created by a series of performative acts: words, gestures, outfits, make-up, hair-dressing etc. The analysis of many levels of sex differentiation process leads to conclusion that femininity and masculinity are two ideal types, and that biological sex is a matter of degree (one can be more or less female/male but there is no sharp distinction between the two) and sometimes indeterminate (intersexes, transgender people). The paper is a contribution to integrating recent biological findings about sex differentiation process with recent social theories about construction of gender.

social construction of gender biological process of sex differentiation transgender people intersexes sex gender

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Casus pedopaniki moralnej

Author: Robert Florkowski
Institution: Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 254-264
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.15
PDF: kie/109/kie10915.pdf

In every society, there is socially constructed dominant, highly valued, and eagerly gratified model of sexuality of men and women which could be named gender grata. Gender non grata means all that stays in opposition to the main stream, widely legitimized sexual behaviour. The extremum of gender non grata seems to change. It depends on complex social dynamics rooted in religion, science, various groups of interests, and engagement of moral crusaders. Some time ago, this extremum was represented by masturbation; currently, pathological epicenter is occupied by pedophilia. This phenomenon can be placed and analyzed within various frames of reference. The one used in this article is labeled as moral panic.

masturbation icon of pathology moral panic pedophilia

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Bieda jest kobietą - dyskursywne obrazy kobiet doświadczających ubóstwa

Author: Katarzyna Górniak
Institution: Politechnika Warszawska
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 265-277
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.16
PDF: kie/109/kie10916.pdf

Researchers underline, that one of the characteristics of poverty, especially nowadays, is its different perception by men and women. This observation is result of changes in research approach to poverty, which focus now on differences between groups, not on poverty en block. As research shows, women are not only more at risk of entering the sphere of poverty, but also carry a heavier burden and larger responsibility for coping with it (living in poverty and exiting poverty). Such a situation is related to social definitions and images of proper/desired social practices that are attributed to women experiencing poverty. In this article, basing mostly on materials and analyses from the project “Discourses of poverty and social exclusion”, I intend to show how the role of women living in poverty is discoursively constructed, what is their image in society, what are the social expectations. I am focusing on the discourse created by the social actors who are responsible for supporting women in coping with poverty (representatives of social welfare centres and NGOs). Social actors opinions are important, because their image of women living in poverty is a base, to create programs and offerts.

feminization of poverty discourse analysis poverty

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Kto się boi gender? Kościół rzymskokatolicki w Polsce i kategoria płci

Author: Anna Szwed
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 278-289
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.17
PDF: kie/109/kie10917.pdf

The paper adresses the question of how sex/gender is understood within the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church and to what extend it recognizes the category of gender. The objects of the analysis are the teaching of the Roman Curia as well as the documents of the local Church in Poland and statements of Polish bishops from 2013 - 2014. The results of qualitative research conducted among diocesan priests of the Archdiocese of Krakow in 2007 are treated as complementary data. The Church uses the notion of sex that is naturalistic, essentialist, binary and based on the complementarity of sexes. Although the Church does not reduce the notion of sex to the biological aspects, nevertheless the interpretation of gender as social construction is limited. The category of gender has been frequently criticized as ideological by the local Church in Poland and by the Roman Curia. The ahistorical category of sex, present in the discourse of the Roman Catholic Church and in the perceptions of its representatives - priests, petrifies the present gender contract.

Roman Catholic Church gender and religion gender ideology

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Philip Zimbardo , Efekt Lucyfera , Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2012, ss. 486

Author: Małgorzata Fopka-Kowalczyk
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Author: Agnieszka Bandura
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 293-297
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.03.18
PDF: kie/109/kie10918.pdf

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