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Contents

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 5-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/118/kie118toc.pdf

TABLE OF CONTENTS

table of contents

Identity in Ecological Settings. The Theory of Multidimensional Identity

Author: Emilia Żyłkiewicz-Płońska
Institution: University of Białystok
Author: Jerzy Nikitorowicz
Institution: University of Białystok
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 9-20
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.01
PDF: kie/118/kie11801.pdf

The identity development takes place during the process of integrating the past to the presence with anticipated future. Additionally, it occurs in ecological context which concerns relations and interactions at the individual, group and institutional levels, as well as changes related to the revitalization of regional cultures, the integration of states into transnational structures or the progressive processes of globalization. In the paper, the Authors mostly pay attention to ecological determinants that influence the process of identity development, which takes place in multicultural environment. The purpose of the paper is to present a new theoretical approach – Theory of Multidimensional Identity (TMI) by Jerzy Nikitorowicz. It is based on the fact that a child is located in a diverse cultural environment under the influence of traditional multiculturalism, having existed for several generations, for example, on the borderland. During different stages of identity development (from the past to the future), three groups of dimensions have been distinguished: dimensions in the context of inherited (given, taken over) identity; dimensions in the context of individually shaped and realised identity and dimensions which are socially determined. This theoretical approach allows for the analysis of dependence and relations between the different stages and dimensions of identity development. It highlights with which stages those three dimensions form the identity system, how it changes, what are the reasons for those changes and modifications.

the Theory of Multidimensional Identity (TMI) multicultural environment ecological approach identity

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Integration and Identity – The Strategies of Young Europeans – Interpretative Tracks and Motifs

Author: Alina Szczurek-Boruta
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 21-31
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.02
PDF: kie/118/kie11802.pdf

In the article, the question is raised whether human knowledge, abilities, emotions and socialization are capable of shaping social structures according to the idea of multiculturalism (which faces a critical situation), introducing the humanistic quality to the principles of coherence and integration. With my own research results in the background (diagnostic polling and individual interviews), integration and identity are presented as strategies determined by aims, subjects (players) and profits (rewards). What has been indicated is the idea worth promoting in the field of pedagogy, in educational institutions and in whole societies, i.e., shaping the culture which re-builds the real power of group life. The postulate to shape such culture in multicultural communities is very hard to implement, but not impossible. The presented results of the studies conducted on a specific group of young Europeans – the participants of a short-term international voluntary workcamp – indicate and illustrate the development of cognitive functions, motivation and interactive activity of kindness- based character.
The interpretative tracks and motifs for the obtained results are sought in K. Illeris’s holistic concept of learning and in other theories of various origin, not much known in the field of pedagogy: H. Simon’s concept of bounded rationality and R. Aumann’s theory of repeated games (otherwise called the theory of “conflict and cooperation” or “interactive decisions”). Applying two different approaches into the discussed issues – the theoretical and empirical, detailed and partially generalized approach – is cognitively interesting and useful in the practical dimension. This might help both to specify the stimuli which cause the evolution of human attitudes and strategies of acting and to design and organize education.

game learning multiculturalism culture Education integration identity

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Body Identity: Towards the Subjective Body

Author: Beata Mirucka
Institution: University of Bialystok
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 32-46
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.03
PDF: kie/118/kie11803.pdf

This paper is a theoretical investigation of body identity. It is an attempt to deepen the analysis of body identity in its subjective aspect, which is framed as a constellation of complex identity senses: the sense of being, continuity of body self in time and space, inner consistency, separateness and bodily limits, as well as the senses of body ownership and agency. All the identified motives of body identity are regarded as pertaining to a special scope in the relationship with the body which produces the sense of body self, i.e., the sense of being an embodied subject. Ultimately, body identity is defined as a holistic and a higher order manner of experiencing one’s body self which anchors a human being in his/her subjectivity and uniqueness, thus complementing the individual and social aspect of identity.

body consciousness mental body representations body self body identity

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My Body and My Identity. The Identity Dilemmas of Contemporary Elderly Women

Author: Emilia Kramkowska
Institution: University of Białystok
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 47-59
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.04
PDF: kie/118/kie11804.pdf

Human identity is one of the key issues of a successful existence. It is not possible to avoid answering such questions as: Who am I? How do I understand myself? What do I identify myself with? Those questions demand answers, which are being continuously verified because of the changing individual, social and cultural conditions. Nowadays, one of the main features of reality is a very strong concentration on human body, its appearance, physical attractiveness, and compatibility with socially promoted ideals. The socially popularized model is a young, beautiful, charming and fit body. This is especially true for the body of a woman – a representative of the fair sex. Meeting those social expectations is not an easy task. It requires a lot of effort and sacrifice. While it is not a problem for younger women, it is very difficult and problematic for elderly women.
In this article, the selected identity dilemmas experienced by nowadays elderly women will be discussed based on the available research described in Polish and foreign literature. As a result of the aging process of the body, the elderly woman’s body is far from the socially promoted ideal of the female body. This situation affects the self-esteem of elderly women and forces them to redefine themselves and their identity. The studies conducted so far have shown that the elderly women adopt various strategies in order to deal with these dilemmas. This article, inter alia, will discuss those strategies.

somatic society elderly women identity dilemmas physical attractiveness body

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Roma Identity, Integration and Education. Comparative Research

Author: Łukasz Kwadrans
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 60-73
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.05
PDF: kie/118/kie11805.pdf

This paper is a report of some studies conducted by the author in the Roma community in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. After a brief introduction and characteristics of the surveyed group, the theoretical basis of the research and the methodological approach was presented. The project was supposed to be an attempt to show the difference between the education of Roma and of the dominant community in their country of residence. The research objective of the project was to identify the Roma perception of education and school duty, to identify and understand the relationship between the Roma identity and their relation to education and participation. Three areas were analysed: identities, culture, and education. The identification of their identities, their participation in culture and the education of the culturally dominant group are indicated. The conclusions concern the current situation of the Roma in these areas and possible recommendations or solutions for the future.

Roma minority ethnic identity multiculturalism culture Education integration

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The Theory-cognitive Significance of Janusz Reykowski’s Concept of the Development of Evaluative Standards in Intercultural Studies

Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 95-105
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.07
PDF: kie/118/kie11807.pdf

In the presented work, an attempt is made to specify the theory-cognitive significance of J. Reykowski’s concept of multidimensional moral development for intercultural studies. This proposal seems to be particularly useful in pedagogical analyses dealing with moral reasoning of children. The presented research results and their interpretation confirm the presence of intercultural differentiation in the development of evaluation standards of learners in late childhood. Therefore, this concept may have broader application in intercultural studies in education.

intercultural studies multi- and intercultural education moral development Borderland

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Education in Polish and a Level of Higher Education of Polish Minority in Lithuania

Author: Jarosław Wołkonowski
Institution: University of Białystok in Vilnius
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 106-121
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.08
PDF: kie/118/kie11808.pdf

For centuries there has been Polish-language education in Lithuania which results from the centuries-long presence and tradition of the Polish national minority in this country. Polish education in Lithuania has its successes, but also problems that arise from the political and cultural specificity of the issue. On the one hand, it should be noted that in no other country (except Poland) there are as many state-run schools with Polish language of instruction as in Lithuania, on the other – it must be said that currently Polish-language education in Lithuania has become the source of many tensions in Poland and Lithuania inter-state relations. Polish education in Lithuania was a problem for the communist authorities of Soviet Lithuania, and now – for the authorities of independent Lithuania, which undertake both assimilation and integration activities concerning several thousand students and teachers of these schools. The first part of the article presents the situation of Polish-language education in the period of Soviet Lithuania between 1945 and 1990, marking the desperate struggle of parents and teachers to maintain the Polish language of teaching in these schools. The second chapter analyses the issue during the years of independent Lithuania – between 1990 and 2017, emphasizing the revival of Polish education in 1990–2000 and the persistent pursuit of the Polish minority society in Lithuania of ensuring education in Polish and maintain the existing state. The third chapter examines the indicator of higher education of the Polish minority in Lithuania against a national background, signifying that it was twice lower than the national average throughout the whole period. Moreover, it presents the funding of universities by ‘student basket’ model and proportion of school graduates with Polish language of instruction in this model and assesses the prospect of solving the problem.

higher education level Polish national minority secondary education higher education Lithuania

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Diversity Within Islam and Its Institutional Representation in Poland

Author: Maja Biernacka
Institution: University of Białystok
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 122-137
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.09
PDF: kie/118/kie11809.pdf

The article is dedicated to the Muslims in Poland, with a special focus on their institutional representation. This religious minority encircles a diverse populace in terms of the path in Islam they adhere to, ethnicity, country of origin, but also the legal status they have in Poland. It includes Muslim Tatars, former students from Arab countries who have been living in this country for decades, as well as transient groups war refugees from Chechnya, Afghanistan or the Balkans, esp. Bosnia and Herzegovina. The author argues that institutionalized entities of religious character which associate Muslims in the country, organize their presence in religious terms and represent them, reflect major divisions within the Muslim populace in the country. A key factor is the duration of their settlement – it is concomitant to, if not more important than, tensions between the Sunnis and Shiites.

religious diversity institutional representation religious minority Muslims Islam Poland

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The Cultural Comparative Study of the Roma Community and Bohemians. Prolegomena

Author: Justyna Matkowska
Institution: University of Wrocław
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 138-150
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.10
PDF: kie/118/kie11810.pdf

The submitted article is based on a fragment of a thesis entitled “The Image of the Roma and Artistic Bohemia in the Literature of the Young Poland”. The subject matter of the research is the description of two communities living in the period of the Young Poland: the Roma people, and Bohemians. The adopted research method embraces the range of broadly defined anthropological research, including analysis and interpretation of texts in a cultural context, and, above all, various aspects of life referring to Bohemians and the Roma community in Poland at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The research objective of this article is to show the similarities and differences between Bohemians of the Young Poland and the Roma living in this period, concerning originality of their lifestyle, customs, outfit and other phenomena. The in-depth analysis of the life aspects of the Roma and Bohemians from the Young Poland has demonstrated the similarities and differences between the two groups. They both functioned as “others” who had no relationship with the society. They were accompanied by a sense of loneliness, outsiderness, consciousness of rejection, tragedy of their situation and a sense of incomprehension and injustice.

the Young Poland Gypsies Romani people bohemia culture

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Educating Migrant Students in Poland

Author: Krystyna M. Błeszyńska
Institution: Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 153-167
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.11
PDF: kie/118/kie11811.pdf

The aim of this article is to present the selected findings of the research carried out over the last decade on the situation of foreign pupils undergoing their education in Polish schools. The thesis being verified is that due to the lack of intercultural competencies of teachers, the educational institutions are not able to deal with the rising problems. Final conclusions point the necessity of changes in teacher training programs.

foreign pupils social inclusion Education

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Education of Foreign Children in Poland. Methodical Contexts

Author: Anna Młynarczuk-Sokołowska
Institution: University of Białystok
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 168-181
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.12
PDF: kie/118/kie11812.pdf

The aim of the article is to present vital issues related to the school situation of foreign children in Poland. The first part concerns the processes of education and integration of this group of students and legal possibilities to support them. The second one is devoted to the presentation of two (co-written by the author of the article) pedagogical innovations (intercultural portfolio and intercultural tales), which allow us to work with foreigners (kindergarten or first grade) and culturally diverse groups. They serve teaching Polish as a foreign language and forming sensitivity towards otherness.
Poland is a country with a relatively low degree of cultural diversity. Working with foreign students is still a big challenge for the teaching staff. Properly chosen educational methods are an important part of the success of the education and integration of foreign students.
Evaluation studies show that the methods presented in the text, because of their specificity (possibility of an active and creative learning), gained approval of students and teachers, and are effective. They motivate students to learn and share knowledge about their own culture. They can be used in the course of various activities in the area of education. This article is for everyone interested in intercultural education of children.

pedagogical innovations foreign children Education integration

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Coming Back from International Educational Exchanges – Difficulties, Changes, Challenges

Author: Karolina Kania
Institution: University of Warsaw
Author: Barbara Grabowska
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 182-194
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.13
PDF: kie/118/kie11813.pdf

International collaboration in education has resulted in an increasing number of participants in educational exchanges at various stages of education. Taking part in a foreign intercultural exchange is an important experience, associated with a half a year or a year-long immersion in another culture and with the return home. Changing the residence country for a certain period, learners consciously undertake the tasks aimed at familiarization with the new culture, language, customs or behaviours. Few of them think about the difficulties associated with the comeback. The presented research results show that, during the exchange, learners were able to build their strategy of functioning in the host family and country. As a result, this helped them to handle the difficulties of the reverse culture shock, which is manifested by the optimistic-active strategy applied by most of the learners after returning home.

AFS reverse culture shock educational exchanges youth

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Status of the Young People from the Indigenous National Minority Groups – as a Phenomenon and Its Exemplification in the Visegrad Group Countries Within the Integration Processes with the European Union

Author: Janina Urban
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 195-208
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.14
PDF: kie/118/kie11814.pdf

The present article tackles the topic of the status of young people in the multicultural environment. The status of the young people from the indigenous minority determined by them is compared with the evaluation of the minority status by the young people from the majority living in the same environment. This topic is considered relevant for the quality of “intercultural milieu” and the identity of the society living in the particular environment.
The objective of the article is to show the changes of the minority status by comparing the opinions in that matter recorded in the years before joining the EU and those expressed in 2010. We consider consequences of the changes in “intercultural approaches” in the particular environment within the integration processes in the EU.
The way of presenting the topic is based on the theory of „groups of mutual reference”. The results of the study presented in the article refer to the dimensions of valued resources and opportunities, and in particular opinions of young people considering their availability for the minority, which illustrates the position of group members and their status and prestige.
Further, there is a comparison of opinions of young people from minority and majority groups concerning access to resources and opportunities for the indigenous minority group. This shows positioning of the minority, and at the same time establishes the position of majority in the particular environment. The opinions comprise a lot of information about relationships and ways of communication in the society, that is “interculturalism”: “«Status» is a relative position of an individual and thus it depends on the fact who the others are” (Sowa, 1962, p. 59).

national minority interculturalism minority status

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Planned Future, Exciting Present, and Positive Memories – Attitudes to Time Among Students from Polish-Belarusian Borderland

Author: Katarzyna Borawska-Kalbarczyk
Institution: University of Białystok
Author: Bożena Tołwińska
Institution: University of Białystok
Author: Alicja Korzeniecka-Bondar
Institution: University of Białystok
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 209-224
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.15
PDF: kie/118/kie11815.pdf

The paper presents the results of quantitative research using the diagnostic poll method, carried out as part of an international project which involved 440 teacher students from the Polish-Belarusian borderland. The research focused on self-assessed level of information management, team work skills, and recognition of one’s own time perspective. The text only refers to one aspect of the competence, i.e., attitude to time. The findings show that the participants function in three temporal dimensions. The majority of the respondents are future-oriented. More than half of them sometimes waste time doing something meaningless. The vast majority of the students act upon the belief that what will happen to them in the future only depends on their effort, but many also declare a fatalistic attitude to life and the belief they have made wrong decisions in the past. In the article, we suggest the need to equip young people with instruments allowing them to create themselves, their lives and the world around them in the context of the foresight concept.

present culture foresight concept time pedagogy Borderland

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Notes on Authors

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 234-236
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/118/kie118auth.pdf

NOTES ABOUT AUTHORS

notes on authors

From Conflict to Reconciliation. Creating the National Identity on the Polish-Lithuanian Borderland

Author: Karol Konaszewski
Institution: University of Białystok
Author: Urszula Namiotko
Institution: University of Białystok
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 74-91
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.04.06
PDF: kie/118/kie11806.pdf

The authors are discussing the shaping of the national identity of Polish-Lithuanian frontier denizens, regarding the historical events of the 20th century. In the first part of the article, they present a brief historical sketch of Polish-Lithuanian relations, putting significant emphasis on the moment of the Sejny uprising beginning, that is August 22nd, 1919. Reclamation of independence after World War I put both countries in a challenging position of building own nationality image. Defining own territorial affiliation of the Sejny region spawned an exceptionally harsh conflict between Poles and Lithuanians, leading to the uprising. The results of these events echo in Polish-Lithuanian relations in the Sejny region to this day. The second part of the article is devoted to the presentation of the multidimensional and constantly created identity concept by Jerzy Nikitorowicz, as an introduction to considering the shaping process of identity among youth of the cultural borderland. The authors point to the fact how important it is to find a platform of dialogue for both parties. They explain selected activities regarding intercultural education, accomplished in local environments by the “Borderland of arts, cultures and nations” center animators in Sejny.

local society intercultural education Sejny uprising Borderland national identity

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