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Contents

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 5-8
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/119/kie119toc.pdf

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SPIS TREŚCI

Publikacja “Kultura i Edukacja” w języku angielskim, udostępnienie wersji cyfrowej w wolnym dostępie i zabezpieczenie oryginalności publikacji zgodne ze standardem COPE – zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 853/P-DUNdem/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.

table of contents

Pluralizm racjonalności i pluralistyczna krytyka imparcjalizmu

Author: Łukasz Perlikowski
Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa w Płocku
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 11-28
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.01
PDF: kie/119/kie11901.pdf

The article aims to present and critically analyze one of the currents of thought within the framework of deliberative democracy. The main dispute that we identify in the framework of this theory is the dispute between the impartialist and pluralistic approach. The role of reason towards the phenomenon of pluralism is the subject of these discussions. The impartialists base their arguments above all on the idea of public reason, while pluralists deny its value to other values. It can therefore be concluded that this dispute consists in opposing the rationality of pluralism to the pluralism of rationality. In addition to analyzing the arguments of the pluralist approach, we also focus on the criticism of the impartialism that these positions have put forward. The article distinguishes three possible forms of pluralism: rationality of pluralism, plurality of rationality prima facie and plurality of rationality sensu proprio. This allows us to show the relationship between impartialism (rationality of pluralism) and pluralism (plurality of rationalities prima facie) and the plurality of pluralism proposed by the critics of impartiality (plurality of rationalities prima facie) with a specific form of pluralism (plurality of rationality sensu proprio). In addition, in the article we identify the directives which pluralists propose to take place of public reason. The pluralistic approach which we analyze in the text is presented by such authors as: Iris Marion Young, Seyla Benhabib, Chantal Mouffe, Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson. The impartialist tradition should be associated with John Rawles and his interpreters and critics such as Joshua Cohen and Brian Barry.

impartialism rationality pluralism deliberative democracy political philosophy

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„Według własnego uznania, dla dobra publicznego, poza nakazami prawa…” Ślady Lockeańskiej koncepcji prerogatywy w kulturze politycznej USA

Author: Karol Dobrzeniecki
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 29-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.02
PDF: kie/119/kie11902.pdf

The article refers to the class of situations in which abandoning the principle of legalism occurred in connection with the threat to the basic interests of a society and a state. The political history of the United States provides numerous examples of this kind of events. During international armed conflicts involving the US, civil wars or revolutions, the political leaders of this modern constitutional state have often decided to breach the law in order to overcome the danger threatening „the life of the nation”. One of the explanations for this state of affairs was the fact that the constitution of 1787, as distinguished from many other contemporary national constitutions, did not contain detailed solutions for the times of crisis. The activity of American presidents in the area of national security was grounded on expanding interpretations of their competences defined in the Basic Law. One of the theoretical grounds for president’s emergency power doctrine was the theory of prerogative elaborated by John Locke in the late 17th century. The article seeks to provide answer to the following paradox. Why did Locke, despite his involvement in developing the idea of the rule of law, also accept exercising extralegal prerogative powers in cases of emergency? The English philosopher defined the prerogative as „the power to act according to discretion, for the public good, without the prescription of the law, and sometimes even against it”. The idea of extralegal powers has become a recurring motif in the history of the United States’ liberal political culture. Proponents of this vision were convicted that uncertainty, contingency and an unforeseen cases are an inherent features of social and political life, which in many cases elude legal regulation. Recently, the renaissance of Locke’s theory of prerogative has taken place in connection with the war on terrorism, in form of an extralegal measures doctrine.

presidential inherent powers emergency powers prerogative John Locke

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Kultura szkoły versus klimat szkoły

Author: Inetta Nowosad
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 41-53
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.03
PDF: kie/119/kie11903.pdf

The article attempts to analyse the notions of school culture and school climate as well as their definitions, scopes and the applied research approaches. Although such activities have been undertaken and presented both in English and German literature, they have failed to constitute a separate field of analysis in Poland and as such, have been merely addressed on the margins of other problems. In this article, the author points out the positions of researchers who have identified the need to clarify the separate identity of the notions and for this purpose, to adopt appropriate research approaches, often leading, as the author attempts to illustrate, to diverse conclusions.

school efficiency school development school climate school culture

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O podstawowych związkach prawa i diagnostyki edukacyjnej

Author: Łukasz Kierznowski
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 54-69
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.04
PDF: kie/119/kie11904.pdf

General legal position of an individual in terms of education is shaped by the norms of constitutional weight. Among them a special place is taken up by the principle of equal access to education, which is one of the guarantees of the right to education. In the author’s opinion, the above mentioned principle has a close relation to educational diagnostics, especially its normalized part, which is didactic measurement. Therefore, an extralegal element, which is the measurement (of its quality), has a significant influence on the legal position of an individual and determines the possibility to use one of the most fundamental rights. From the pedagogical perspective, the author proposes taking into account the legal environment in which educational diagnostics functions, and which – although roughly – he presents in the article, whereas from the legal perspective he points out to the necessity of taking into account the educational diagnostics’ conditioning in the evaluation process of implementing equal access to education.

equal access to education the right to education didactic measurement educational diagnostics Law

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Samotność osób starszych i czynniki ją warunkujące

Author: Małgorzata Fopka-Kowalczyk
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 70-80
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.05
PDF: kie/119/kie11905.pdf

In the common opinion, old age is still a taboo. Among the variety of the difficulties experienced by the elderly, there are also an increasingly occurring struggle with acclimating to the aging, and a sense of being a burden. The article focuses on the issue of loneliness, especially among elderly people. It is also an attempt to answer the questions of whether the old people experience loneliness, and what are the factors that affect this condition. In order to reply to these questions, the author attempted an analysis of the issues basing on literature, using theoretical analysis data and the earlier research.

active ageing the value of solitude being alone types of solitude loneliness multifaceted aging old age

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Podstawa Programowa jako wyznacznik wczesnoszkolnej edukacji językowej

Author: Anna Wasilewska
Institution: Akademia Marynarki Wojennej im. Bohaterów Westerplatte w Gdyni
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 83-98
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.06
PDF: kie/119/kie11906.pdf

The article presents research on possible interpretations of Core Curriculum provisions in the area of linguistic education for the 1st educational stage: grades 1 – 3, early school education. Core Curriculum is a starting point of planning and organisation of educational process, linguistic education included. While its interpretation is dependent on numerous factors, it was assumed that basic interpretation direction is dictated by the language of the Core Curriculum itself. The objective of the article was to reflect on meanings in Core Curriculum provisions, which become a vital influence on early school language learning. The regarded problem is thus: how does the language of Core Curriculum dictate possible methods of interpretation in educational strategies? Language acquirement theories overview was presented in relation to the school didactics appearing in various pedagogic paradigms. Then, Core Curriculum provisions were analysed and matched to specific didactic options, including their relations to language acquisition theories. In the analysis, category of „linguistic image of the world” was used, which allows to reveal point of view of document authors on theoretical and didactic bases of early school language learning. Core Curriculum provisions turn out to be equivocal or even contradictory in relation to the theoretical basis, which implicates chaos in the didactic interpretation.

interpretation didactic approaches linguistic competence acquirement theories early school language learning Core Curriculum

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Kultura tudzież rehabilitacja : Ku zmianie paradygmatu w edukacji głuchych i słabosłyszących w Polsce

Author: Mariusz Sak
Institution: Ośrodek SzkolnoWychowawczy dla Głuchych im. Jana Siestrzyńskiego w Warszawie
Author: Ewelina Moroń
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Author: Piotr Tomaszewski
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 99-114
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.07
PDF: kie/119/kie11907.pdf

The social functioning of people with dysfunctions is an essential part of any training programme for future special education teachers. Special Education Studies involve two large class modules dedicated, among other things, to the methodology of teaching and the social functioning of children, youth and adults with disabilities. With respect to deaf and hard of hearing persons (DHH), one can speak about focusing on rehabilitation and integration of DHH students into the whole of hearing society in the broad sense of the terms: this approach is specific to Polish surdopedagogy which is one of the fields of Special Education. Consequently, Polish surdopedagogy devotes relatively little attention to deaf people’s manual communication, in particular the Polish Sign Language (PJM) or to deafness from the cultural perspective. These two dominant features of Polish surdopedagogy, i.e., the affirmation of special therapy and the ignorance of the communication aspect, will be subject to an analysis that is necessary in view of the emancipation of Deaf Studies, or of an interdisciplinary approach to the problems of deafness from the DHH community’s perspective. Deaf Studies cover the same issues as surdopedagogy. However, while surdopedagogy is based on the medical definition of deafness (inability to hear) and its effect on the functioning of people with hearing loss, the foundation for Deaf Studies is the social functioning of DHH persons among d/Deaf people, which reflects the developmental dynamics of their cultural identity within the linguistic minority, with all the consequential implications.

literacy deaf education Deaf Studies surdo-pedagogy

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Futerał, wehikuł, biokombinezon . Ciało jako (re)prezentacja tożsamości w narracjach uczestników wybranych grup religijnych

Author: Elżbieta Mudrak
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Ekonomii TWP Olsztyn
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 115-134
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.08
PDF: kie/119/kie11908.pdf

The submitted paper focuses on the issue of corporeality, strictly spoken on the conjunction of an individual’s physical body with its bearer’s personal identity – examined within the context of the affiliation to religious groups. The attempt to find an answer to the basic issue of „Who am I” is not restricted to the nontangible realm of the human psyche, but is conditioned by the materiality of the human body as well and therewith extends into the world of physical appearances. Man’s material body is the place where the biological processes of life manifest themselves, with our sensory organs we experience the world’s physical reality. The possession of a physical body allows for religious activity. The human body turns into an object of special care and attention. Medical conditions in particular emphasize the human corporeality, especially when associated with pain experience. Similarly the consumption of psychotropic substances which provoke changes of consciousness, causes an enhanced bodyawareness. The strong correlation between personal identity and the body finds its expression in the parameter of a deeply experienced cohesive identity.

practices of the body religious group the body identity

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Kultura szkoły jako moderator relacji między stresorami w pracy a zaangażowaniem w pracę nauczycieli

Author: Maciej Karwowski
Institution: Chrześcijańska Akademia Teologiczna w Warszawie
Author: Elżbieta Strutyńska
Institution: Akademia Pedagogiki Specjalnej im. Marii Grzegorzewskiej w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 135-157
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.09
PDF: kie/119/kie11909.pdf

Is school culture able to reduce the negative influence of work stressors present in teacher’s work? The goal of the study presented in this paper was to test a hypothetical mechanism, according to which school’s culture moderates the links between stressors and teachers’ job engagement. Relying on job demandsresources theoretical model, in the investigation conducted on a large (N=449) sample of teachers we found that although indeed the exposition to stress in an everyday teachers’ work is negatively related to teachers’ engagement, school culture serves as a buffer that moderates the relationship between stress and engagement. Among the teachers who perceived their school culture as supportive, stress did not reduce their engagement, while this effect was find in less supportive schools.

teachers’ stress school culture engagement

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Kapitał naukowy uczniów jako przedmiot analiz teoretycznych i empirycznych

Author: Aleksandra Tłuściak-Deliowska
Institution: Akademia Pedagogiki Specjalnej im. Marii Grzegorzewskiej w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 158-173
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.10
PDF: kie/119/kie11910.pdf

The article is aimed at presenting the category of science capital as a new category in the field of pedagogical research. Science capital as a construct was proposed in the second decade of the 21st century by the team of Louise Archer from King’s College. This category consists of: (1) scientific forms of cultural capital, (2) behavior and practices related to science, and (3) scientific forms of social capital. The text presents the development of this concept together with a discussion of its elements and their meaning. Scientific capital can be one of the greatest wealth of society, and its use depends on the future development of not only individual units, but also the country and the possibility of high achievements in the fields of science. This is a very current issue, therefore it is important to better understand the shaping of the science capital of young people. The text also reviews the previous empirical studies devoted to the analyzed category. On this basis, it was concluded that scientific capital as an educational variable is still subjected to reconceptualization, requires refinement and further exploration.

science aspiration science capital cultural capital social capital Science Education

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Społeczna percepcja szans i zagrożeń korzystania z nowych technologii komunikacyjnych

Author: Łukasz Rogowski
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 177-193
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.11
PDF: kie/119/kie11911.pdf

Development and popularization of new communication technologies generate new dimensions of opportunities and threats associated with learning and using technologies as well as with their sociocultural consequences. The article presents four dimensions of social perception of these threats and opportunities: creativity, representative potential, psychological attitude, privacy and control. They were distinguished on the basis of two research projects using qualitative research techniques. Particular attention was dedicated to generational usage of technology. In this way, the paper may be the basis for distinguishing the dimensions of technological competencies.

technological generations mobile technologies qualitative research new media new technologies

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Radio – wstrząśnięte, nie zmieszane? Komiks radiowy w obliczu koncepcji „Media Martini”

Author: Karolina Albińska
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 194-209
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.12
PDF: kie/119/kie11912.pdf

Radio programmes that prevail in the contemporaty „mediasphere” are prone to hybridization. They easily cross artificial generic divisions and get the status of multidimensional entities that activate many senses of media users. It is possible because they loose the distinctive features of audio broadcasts. As a result, they can take various forms, travel across media platforms and be consumed any time, any place. These criteria are fulfilled by „radio comic” – a specific „generic coctail” that reconciliates contradictions according to the rules imposed by audiovisual type of culture. However, it brings new quality to the media landscape, since it gives both radio dramas and „stories with balloones” more universal life. Referring to the productions such as „Nietoty”, „Jan Kalata” and „The Intergalactic Nemesis”, this article discusses the issue of transmediality of modern radio broadcasts. It presents many faces of „radio-comic” that stems from a strong tendency for radio visualization.

transmediality of broadcasts radio visualization radiocomic radio drama gereric hybridization

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Sztuka „permanentnego zdziwienia” . Wokół języka symboli w Sztuce znikania Bartka Konopki i Piotra Rosołowskiego

Author: Agnieszka Kamińska
Institution: Uniwersytet SWPS
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 210-226
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.01.13
PDF: kie/119/kie11913.pdf

„Art disappearance” (2012)2 is a film by Bartosz Konopka and Piotr Rosołowski, qualified by the authors of the document, but not entirely located within the traditionally understood documentary3. „Art disappearance” combines various genres: classic dokument, found footage and mocumentary. The axis, around which the narrative of the film focuses, is in fact a romantic concept of messianism of the Polish nation by Adam Mickiewicz. Less obviously, however, it is inspired by anthropological reflection of Ryszard Kapuscinski. The author analyzed those topics, associations and inspiration appearing in the film which allow the reader to include „Art of disappearing” among the works of the complicated structure of intertextual references.

voodoo documentary culture anthropology

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Noty o autorach

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 261-263
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/119/kie119auth.pdf

NOTES ABOUT AUTHORS

notes on authors

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