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Author: Wiktor Zin
Year of publication: 1998
Source: Show
Pages: 9-15
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199801
PDF: ksm/02/ksm199801.pdf

Abstract:

Recently in polish mass media like press, radio. and television we can very often meet a statement „little fatherland”. lt seems to be in opposition to „fatherlatid” - describing something great, real. tutelary and indivisible. ln polish language we can hardly lind a adequate word to German „Heimatsland which is usually used in contrary to „Vaterland'Ż  Until now it has been enough to use a word „.regionalism” - it includes all meanings connected with varieties ol' styles and ways ol” life, buildings forms, dresses, and local customs which we can lind in different parts of Our Father- land. Nobody can deny a possibility of using the world „little fatherland”, but it can not be done cause of political needs. It is rather poetical translbrmation of the world „fatherland”. lt describes country of childhood or place of extraordi- nary experiences.  The article develops that problem.

Author: Czesław Robotycki
Year of publication: 1998
Source: Show
Pages: 15-22
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199802
PDF: ksm/02/ksm199802.pdf

Abstract:

„A local homeland" is a derivative ol'the notion, or better to say, a figure of„homeland”. their connoations from the same trunk ol" mythical convictions, values and traditions. They are the alter - math of the romantic attitude in Po- land, and the semantic firld of both version of the notion „homeland" is situated between privacy and cosmopolitism. universality and particularism. rootedness and alienation.  In the contemporary culture the „local homeland” appears as subject of literary, scientific or essayists' reflection in various forms of literary production, in the study of" folklore and anthropology, in sociology and town-planing.  The volk vision of' the „local homeland”, created by numerous authors of poetry, memoirs anti prose, has been analysed by l'olklorists and ethnographers. The authors of these analysed by l'olklorists and ethnographers. The authors of these analyses emphasizethe fact that the Statements of' folkloristic thinking. Stereotypes and figures of'collective imagination are used in them.  Applying the notion of” „a local homelan” in various ways is not condu- cive to reflecting on its orginal, proper meaning. On the contrary, more and mo- re remote associations are used, washing away its semantic field. One can say even more. in the semantic relation „local homeland - space”, pragmatics evi- dently prel'ere space (area). There by, the dominant of the field is changing. It is the „oyvn", our" area which is to be valorizcd af'terwards that becomes promaiy in use.  The cultural effect ol'the change ol'meanings in the lexical field of„local homelantl” is plainly visible. A sociological notation has become an idea ac- companied by numerous sociotechnical manipulations in order to turn the place of living into realistically understood native land. ln these various ways of re- ception the category „local homeland” evokes now an association with tradition, folklore, sings of identification.

Author: Stanisława Trebunia-Staszel
Year of publication: 1998
Source: Show
Pages: 23-38
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199803
PDF: ksm/02/ksm199803.pdf

Abstract:

This disertation refers to the question of regionalizm exemplified by Podhale region - the lend situated on the South part of Poland near the Tatra Mountain and inhabited by people so called Góra/e. The author tries to cosider the phenomena of contemporary Górale culture with special regard to the pro- blem of ethnic identity. The role of regional association Związek Podhalan in preserving and spreading Górale heritage is also mentioned. What is specific about Podhale is its living home culture in which to this day some elements of tradition folklor, such as folk costium, music, dances, dialect and rits are still exist. ln modern circumstances - in new context, these elements are becoming signes of regional differences and are also regarded as symbols of cultural i- dentity.  Following paper based on the materials colleceted in Podhale in 1997 is concentrated on the problem of regional consciousness among young inhabitants of Podhale 16-20 years old pupils ofsecondary schools. The author by analysing their attituds towards home land, home society and local tradition tries to trace new tendencies appearing in contemporary culture in Podhale. Following pro- blem are disscused:  declarations of identity  -the criteria ofdelining Who are Góralc?  Podhale as a home feeling and homeland  components of Góral 's image - stereothype and autosterotype  Obtained materials show that about 65% of guestioned pupils experiensed themselfs as Górale and identify with the home heritage. It is interesting what consiquencies these pupil's declarations will bring in future and how they will influance on further development of Górale regional culture.

Author: Władysław Masiarz
Year of publication: 1998
Source: Show
Pages: 39-64
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199804
PDF: ksm/02/ksm199804.pdf

Abstract:

Within the framework 01_ the Russian programme of the colonization of syberia, many Poles of all occupations and from all social classes were sent there at the end ot'nineteenth and at the beginning of twentieth century. the Po- lish miners from Zagłębie Dąbrowskie and poor country folk constituted the major percentage of them. They most willingly settled own at Siberian Villages or, after receiving their apportioned lands, they set up their own Villages. the classic example of this type of Polish settlement in siberia is the history of the village Wierszyna in the guberniya ot'lrkuck. It was set up in 1910 by 59 Polish families coming from Zagłębie Dąbrowskie. they soon built a school and small church, creating their own „small Polish l'atherland" in the far Siberia.  They were true to their Polish identity in spite of the Stalinist repressions depriving them of their own land, language and religion. The most tragic was the year of 1937 in which 32 persons, including one woman, were arrested by NKWD. All the arrested Poles were murdered in 1938. the Polish families su- rvived both the years of the war and the years of so called „Soviet stabilization”. Only the abolition ol~ the ZSRR allowed for the new „discovei'y" ol~ Wieszyna and the slow reconstruction of the Polish national identity. Today, the lifth ge- neration ol'Siberian Poles is already born there.

Author: Maciej Pawlicki
Year of publication: 1998
Source: Show
Pages: 65-96
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199805
PDF: ksm/02/ksm199805.pdf

Abstract:

This is a story about the native character of the Orawa region from the middle  of the 2oth century. The native character of the region is formed by cus- toms as well as homeliness of verba! forms surrounding a human being. What was the reason for their lasting for centuries and in what way do they have to exist in our generation to be further cultivatcd or rejected? Can the native character of the regional l'orms be cxalted to the rank ol~ national style or can the forms create a direction of development and the future of Polish architecture? The distinct separate character ofthe Orawa architecture inspired the search for creative models in tradition in order to think, feel and build in Polish style. Five Orawa climatic suhregions created many worlds of small homelands during centuries, not so long ago closed in the borders of a [bw Villages. They formed continually a new image of homelands closed today in the verily dead ethno- graphic museum.

Author: Karol Kukuła
Year of publication: 1998
Source: Show
Pages: 119-136
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199808
PDF: ksm/02/ksm199808.pdf

Abstract:

The paper presents an outline ol'the history involving the usage of spoons the most important elements of table arrangement. Special attention has been put on the spoon of the period of Polish Renncssaince.  Variations of functions of old spoons have been shown with the help of many different examples of objects from the beginning of XVllI th century till nowadays.  The text is illustrated with prints showing 7l spoons of different meaning.

Author: Janusz Żmija
Year of publication: 1998
Source: Show
Pages: 137-148
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199809
PDF: ksm/02/ksm199809.pdf

Abstract:

Integration of the Polish agriculture with the European Union requires numerous adjustment activities. It means not only activities improving the eco- nomic effectiveness but also adjustment processes in institutional sphere, trade and regulation. The regional policy plays important role, particularly in the part concerning structural transformations in agriculture and rural areas develop- ment, also rural environment protection with the Simultaneous modemisation of the technical and social infrastructure of those regions.  The problem of modernisation of agriculture, which is strongly connected  with the multi-Functional rural areas deveIopment has to take important place in the Polish regional programmes. The creation of entreprencurship and activities in non-agricultural production in the regions and communities requires the sup- port from the central and local authorities and the institutions connected with rural areas and agriculture. An important role in the rural areas development plays regional agricultural policy of the state, recognising the idea ot'multifunc- tional devclopmcnt in a complex way, regarding the socio-economic conditions of the particular regions.

Author: Jan Karwontka
Year of publication: 1998
Source: Show
Pages: 149-158
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199810
PDF: ksm/02/ksm199810.pdf

Abstract:

The paper presents historical aspect of structural changes of farms. The research has been carried out on the example of Spiska village. It has been con- sidered in the context of regional results of similar investigations. The analysis suggests the problem should be scen via conditions determined by the law sys- tem.  Information concerning the initial stage of the economic developement of the village indicate that in the past there were no reasons for precise detenni- nation of the size and structure of farms. These features were considered to be less important.  Therefore these translbrmations described by numbers should be treated with special caution. They are more ofquality nature than quantitative features. The conclusion follows that one depend upon the results in showing the general tendencies rather than detailed solutions based on the data impossible to verify.

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