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Author: Jan Samek
Author: Izabela Rejduch Samkowa
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 7-22
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199901
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199901.pdf

Abstract:

Judish art have never been the theme of the cyclic activities except dr lzabclla Samek”s and professor Jan Samek's Iectures (occasionally). All publications which have dealt with this theme until now arised several years ago (the historien Mayer Batlahan”s and Józef Szipper's works) or are only l'ragmentary (museums' catalogues). The quantity of .ludish monuments of art preserved in our country and abroad contradicts this standpoint.  ln spite of demages which occured during The Second World War in Po- land several hundred synagogues still egsists. There are some architectural details as stucco and paint ornamentations. At ahout thousand ccmeterys several thousand decorated tomhstones remained (the oldest dates t'rom thh century and most of them l'rom l9th century). A lot ol” museums and private collections pre- served metal Judish wares and rarely manuscripts. embroideries. These are ob- jects ol'cult used in synagogues and houses. Most of Polish judaieas were identi- licated in external collections (in USA. Israel. Praga. Budapest. Moscow. Leningrad and somewhere else). Unfortunately the Germans have destroyed all ot" wooden synagogues and a lot of monuments from stone temples (thousands ol' chandeliers. embroideries and manuscripts). C oncerning the matter of good cha- racteristics ofJudish art in Poland the choise is very difficult. This arts has al- ways accepted local stilistic forms and decorations. Nowadays. one can say that synagogues and judish houses were raised and ornamented by foreigners (ltalians), but mainly by Polish and Judish artists and craftsmen. Silver articles were made by Polish goldsmiths (Jan Pogorzelski in Warsaw. Stanislaw Weswalewicz in Kraków) as well as by .ludish ones. But in painting .ludish arts appeared in the latter part ol" the l9th century and in the 20'" century. for instance Leopold Gotlieb (younger) and Artur Markiewicz. 'l'o sum up. the book which is being prepered now will have given. for the first time. honest and well ilustrated picture ot'Judish art'in Poland.

Author: Karol Kukuła
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 23-42
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199902
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199902.pdf

Abstract:

The paper presents the characteristics of old spoons in the context of changing artistic styles. lt also shows the technology involved in the process of their manufacturing in ateliers.  The text is illustrated with numerous examples showing both the specific beauty and technology by which it was obtained.  The important part of the paper are the photographs of 77 objects with detailed catalogue descriptions.  The reader will observe that spoons. apart from their usable functions, al- so serve as valuable pieces ofart.

Author: Jan Samek
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 43-58
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199903
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199903.pdf

Abstract:

Saint Mary's Chapel at the Carmelites” Church arised from the cult of the Blessed Virgin connected with her visage on the south elevation of the church in late Gothic. The Chapel was built mainly in 1637-1647 after the project of the famous architect - John Trevano. which fact is rather undoubteful. Some parts of the Chapel werc rebuilt and enlarged before1679 (the west and east anexes). after Swedish invasion damage. The Sandy Blessed Virgin Chapel is very imposing, semispherical building. lt reverts to Polish chapels erected in the 16'" and 17th centuries, which were based on the Chapel - Mausoleum of Kings Sigismond the Old and Sigismond Augustus at the Wawel Cathedral, but it has only ritual character. The interior is ornamented with painting (probably made by Molitor) and altar (based on StMaria Maggiore altar in Rome), made in 178], after Antoni Smugiewicfs project. The theme of the interior decoration is connected with The Blessed Virgin cult. Some Foundation and cloistral issues appears also. The Blessed Virgin Chapel at the Carmclitesi Church proves the patronage of Piotr Gembicki and Kajetan Sołtyk as well as of artists active in Kraków: John l'rcvano (architect), Molitor and Antoni Smuglewicz (painters). Marcin Le- kszycki ( goldsmith).

Author: Jan Siekierski
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 59-80
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199904
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199904.pdf

Abstract:

The article presents on an example of the Cracow province the results of an analysis of the local labour market during transformation period in Poland (1990-1996). General situation on the employment market in Poland was a point of reference and comparison.  The analysis considered also a degree of economic activation of local communities, the number of working and employed in national economy sectors, and the movement of people with full time jobs (engagements and di- scharges), as well as the level of registered unemployment. Estimation of this phenomenon considered also the tendencies of of changes (Beveridge' s curve) and a percentage of the unemployed according to their professional experience, unemployment period, age and education. The investigations revealed two distinct phases in the development of labour market, i.e. a negative trend in 1990-1993 (a decline in employment and an increasa in unemployment) and a positive trend in l994-l996 (an increase in employment and a (lecline in unemployment).  Some issues concerning active employment policy, counteracting and Frghting unemployment were discussed in the Final part of the paper.

Author: Ewa Tyran
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 81-92
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199905
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199905.pdf

Abstract:

The present social security system for Polish farmers should be considered as a form of the State interventionism. The allocation to the Kasa Rolnic- zego Ubezpieczenia Spolecznego ( Social Security System for Farmers) was the highest budget expenditure - 7.6% in 1997. Only 5% of the KRUS” budget comes from the farmers contributions. lf we treat the whole sum of money allocated to agriculture as a lo0% . the amount allocated to KRUS consists 72  Non-earned incomes play very important role in the farmer families” budget because of theirs very low agricultural income. ln Małopolska it has even considerably higher meaning - the average agricultural income in that region is much lover than cannot for the whole Poland. The present way of administration of the allocations to agriculture however can not be efficient economically or socially in the long-term perspective.

Author: Bogusław Jeleń
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 93-106
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw199906
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199906.pdf

Abstract:

The author of this article charakterizes development of The Firm „Igloofruit” Ltd Dębica. The subject of this paper is to present the rezults of manufacturing cooperation agricultural work and producer raw materials. The relations of cooperations are efficient methods to train industrial methods of productions and intensive technology in the plant and the animal productions. ln this way to enlarge possible agriculture productions and food industry manufacturing. Next the author presents course of purchasing centre within and beyond farmer”s contract for the supply of fruits and vegetables in transformation period. In the end are analyse also pool the agriculture population in the years 1992 and 1996.

Author: Jacek Strojny
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 107-118
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199907
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199907.pdf

Abstract:

The paper presents some results ol~ investigation of preferences of eggs consumers that has been carried out in an agglomeration of Małopolska region. l'he research consisted ol~ two stages: quantitative and qualitative. The qualitative stage has served for identification of important dimensions. within which eggs are considered by consumers. The quantitative stage has been performed with the use of the con-joint method. The estimation of partial utility coefficients for each attribute level has made it possible to determine both relative signni'licance of the product and the most preferred levels. On the basis of the benefits consumers are expecting from the product the segmential analysis has been done. Further. the coefficients of partial utility of attributes has been used in the simulation of market shares - for comparison of the conceptions of the product. Conclusions present the marketing interpretation of the estimated preference indices.

Author: Józef Kotlatczyk
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 119-130
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199908
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199908.pdf

Abstract:

This study has been undertaken in order of focus on the ivestigated community feature, on the basis of such demographic and collective characteristics as structure of skills„ age, sex, marital and family status. descent, professional exprience. ect.  The author carried out the analysis of many social occurences extremely essential for social and economic development of the Company.

Author: Stanisław Moskal
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 131-146
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199909
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199909.pdf

Abstract:

On the basis of studies conducted in four communities (gminas) of Małopolska the author presents some problems of rural areas and agriculture in the region, i.e. agrarian overpopulation, hidden unemployment in agriculture. land fragmentation and small scale of production on peasant farms. Solutions would require a considerable economic boom in the rural areas and numerous alterna- tive sources of income. while the inhabitants” entrepreneurship and initiative are of primary importance. During lecturcs given to a randomly selected group of 841 respondents running farms. the authors learned their attitudes towards the presented problems. lt allowed to define social and professional preferences, as well as attitudes and opinions ol~ small farm owners who are the potential subject ofcconomic development ol” rural areas in Malopolska.

Author: Andrzej Kotala
Year of publication: 1999
Source: Show
Pages: 147-164
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm199910
PDF: ksm/03/ksm199910.pdf

Abstract:

ln his paper the author presents the role of small entrepreneurship in the social and economic activation of rural areas and their multifunctional develo- pment.  Multiclirectional studies on off farm entrepreneurship of the inhabitants in Malopolska revealed that these activities focus mainly on providing various kind of services (over 50% ). then on commerce (30% of studies cases), while every tifth entrepreneur produces some goods.  Conelusions drawn from the investigations show the necessity to support  the entreprenurship among others through: improvement of bank credit system as the main stimulant of individual and group entrepreneurship; application of all available local investment facilities: creation of modern system of education comprising both school and outreach programmes focused on updating and supplementing knowledge on market laws and conditions for entrepreneurship development.

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