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Author: Janina Pach
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 55-68
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200204
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200204.pdf

The process of transfonnation together with the market reforms. privatisation of national films. liberalisation and budget limitations caused many advantageous changes on a macro scale. however. it also implied a number of negative results, like clearance of some businesses, mines and military equipment companies. One of the most disad- vantageous side effects of undertaking the refomis was increase of structural unem- ployment. It proved to be especially dangerous in one company towns. where one big firm was practically the only serious employer and producer of the particular goods. e.g. military equipment. Great problems with unemployment appeared. as well. in some other regions. hardly attractive for the investment. where the process of privatisation and restructurisation was going on.  Thus, the special economic zones (SSE) became an important instrument of the economic policy, being at the same time a substitute for regional state policy. Their main purpose was to attract national and foreign investors by offering them some pri v- ileges, mostly tax prerogatives.  The present article is trying to explain the idea and the way of functioning of spe- cial economic zones in Poland. lt focuses on: principles. purposes and nature of the functioning of special economic zones in Poland: the importance and contribution of foreign investment in special economic zones; the prospects of special economic zones in Poland in the context of its future accession to the European Union.

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