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Author: Piotr Długosz
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 7-32
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200801
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200801.pdf

Abstract:

Students of Rzeszow’s universities highly appreciate family life, work and a University diploma. They are materialistically oriented. At the workplace they aim at high incomes, safety and self-realization. They choose their high school according to their interests, its prestige and quality of teaching. After graduation, they plan to get some further education and vocational qualifi cations. In case of any problems with fi nding a job they plan to emigrate. Students are aware, that If they want to keep the job and be competitive, they need to learn continuously and adjust their qualifi cations to the requirements of the labor market.

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Author: Ryszard Palacz
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 33-55
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200802
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200802.pdf

Abstract:

This Polish translation of the letter Francesco PETRARCH’S [from familiaris IV, 1] prepared for his summit of Mont Ventoux in Provence, which according to the Poet took place in April 1336, ist accessible in recent years in two critical editions of this letter: Vittorio Rossi in 1968 and last Petrarch’s Ascent of Mont Ventoux, The Familiaris IV, 1, by Rodney Lokaj. Roma 2006. The last edition was used as the basis for polish translations and commentaries. Paper consists of several parts, the first reconstructs the first period of biography to his first stay in Rome. In the following sections, the author considers the arguments in favor of postponing the date of the final emergence of this letter for the period 1352–3, and sets out its main ideas by paying attention to the fact that the Petrarch undertook the trip from aesthetic reasons, in search of beautiful landscapes and views. From this part of its deliberations have not been further recognized by historians of Renaissance aesthetics. Another important element is the impact on Augustine’s Confessions spiritual transformation that took place during the summit and acquire the same acquisition has been presented as an allegory of human life.

Author: Tomasz Skrzyński
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 56-74
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200803
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200803.pdf

Abstract:

In 1948, aft er the summer changes within the leadership of PPR, the condition for further existence of SD was its acceptance of being a less important regime’s instrument in its policy towards private sector of the economy and the so called working intelligentsia. In the province of Cracow the position of SD was better within the circles of intelligentsia. Th is was due to the fact that in the second half of 1948 the regime increased its eff orts to destroy the private sector of the economy. The attitude of the local communist activists towards SD became severe. SD members were removed from Cracow authorities, local government, trade unions etc. Proportions of SD representatives in those bodies were decided behind closed doors. Activities of UB (secret police) increased. That situation had a disastrous eff ect on internal relations within Cracow branch of SD. Despite training campaign, the SD weak framework found it diffi cult to force its members to actively support the regime. Massive outfl ow of members occurred.

Author: Witold Kabański
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 75-89
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200804
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200804.pdf

Abstract:

The publication contains consideration according the special status of the parliamentarian. It represents the institution of both, formal and material immunity as well as the rules connected with this institution: the inviolability as well as the prohibition of joining functions (incompatibilitas). Th e historical outline refers to the beginnings of these institutions in Europe (on example of England and France) and the United States of America. In Poland it concentrates on legal solutions comming from the II Republic(1918-1939), reaching more current constitutional constructions.

Author: Tomasz Zacłona
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 90-105
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200805
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200805.pdf

Abstract:

The article is the analysis of positive image, prestige and recognition as the factors conditioning the competition advantage as well as enabling universities to achieve economic goals while being socially active at the same time. Th e benefi ts of university positive image are multidimensional. An image informs, characterizes and distinguishes an educational institution. Consequently, its relations with the environment are more eff ective. It serves as an element identifying the university as well as creating particular attitudes towards it through an opinion and information synthesis. Positive image, while supporting the proces of choice, creates a bond between a university and the recipients of its services. It is of vital importance in the process of loyalty formation. Moreover, mature university image serves as a foundation of social respect, extremely signifi cant during critical moments

Author: Aleksandra Nowak
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 106-127
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200806
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200806.pdf

Abstract:

The Author would like to introduce the reader to problems of Guyana, a former British Colony. She outlines a brief historical scetch, introduces to the main confl icts (mostly ideological and ethnic confl icts), which had a dominant role in the shaping of this small state and also explains the role of the United Stated and Great Britain in process of gaining its independence. She explains the impact of superiorly generated sociopolitical cleavages on the party system and the origins of the imbalance party system. She also presents a detailed analysis of the undemocratic domination of Afroguyanians (1964–1992) and the democratic domination of Guyanians of Indian descent (from 1992 to this day). She also stresses, that the parties tending to maximalize their political profi ts, are eager to keep the confl ict going and to preserve electoral voting according to the rule of ethnic belonging (apanjaat).

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Author: Jan Nalaskowski
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 128-146
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200807
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200807.pdf

Abstract:

Article presents stages of forming Scottish nation and fighting for independence on international arena, especially in Great Britain. The history of Scottish nation is an ‘epic of independence’, which has started probably in I century before Christ. Ancient and modern tradition this nation influences on the present. When the British Empire had stopped exist, Scots decided to fight for their rights. In this moment of Scottish history dream about independence might come true.

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Author: Marek Reichel
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 147-164
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200808
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200808.pdf

Abstract:

A role of innovations and competitiveness in regional development is obvious. In contemporary world economy competitiveness is a basic development mechanism and innovation is a key factor of competitiveness. Competitiveness based on innovativeness and continual technological progress is the challenge for Polish economy and for economies of Polish regions. Regional Innovation System (RIS) is a key element to build regional innovative potential. Its eff ectiveness depends without doubt on its subsystems: innovation and technology transfer; international and country institutions and organizations; central, regional and local governments and other organizations that support business and entrepreneurship. But institutional aspect of Regional Innovation System is not the only one possible. The spatial structure of it – how these elements are spread in regional space – is also of the great importance. The spatial structure of RIS and its impact on regional innovativeness is a main subject of the paper. There are certain reasons to undertake research in that direction. First, the spatial aspects of Regional Innovation Systems are very oft en omitted. Including spatial aspects of RIS functioning to analysis can deepen our knowledge on RIS’ nature – it can helps us to design lower-cost and more eff ective networks between elements of the whole system. Second, lack of knowledge in subregional structure of innovative potential of the country can lead to wrong decisions and failures in interregional policy. Third, not only institutional structure but also “reasonable” spatial deconcentration decide on meaning of Regional Innovation Systems in socio-economic development stimulation. Presented empirical analysis can help to defi ne this “reasonability” and its connections with other determinants of Regional Innovation Systems’ eff ectiveness. In many elaborations innovativeness is treated without taking into consideration its spatial aspects. In this paper, on the basis of Regional Innovation System of Małopolskie Region (Voivodship), an unique attempt of undertaking spatial subregional analysis of innovation system is presented.

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Author: Robert Rogowski
Year of publication: 2008
Pages: 165-183
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200809
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200809.pdf

Abstract:

An identifi cation of barriers limiting export and import activity of Polish enterprises located in south-east Poland is an object of the article. The most important factors limiting the international cooperation are: the lack of the access to the information about foreign markets, high transport costs, linguistic problems, the lack of the appropriate staff and the ignorance of export and import procedures. The lack of the international cooperation among examined enterprises results from kind of activity, satisfaction from the present profi ts and the lack of the knowledge about foreign markets.

Author: Piotr Lityński
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 184-204
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200810
PDF: ksm/12/ksm200810.pdf

Abstract:

The following article refl ects the role of evaluating regional development programs. The purpose of taking a closer look at the role of evaluation arises from the fact that, development programs are currently an integral part of managing the development of a given region, thus evaluating these programs will further perfect the development process. Th e article’s primary focus is the process of evaluating strategic programs arising from governments, especially that of a region’s self-government. It also emphasizes the fact that not all documents of regional development are obligated to be evaluated. Th e article furthermore speaks of utilizing the outcome from the research of evaluation which is exceedingly fundamental to managing regional development. The empirical part of the article looks into analyzing the process of evaluating, The Region Development Strategy for Małopolska, for the year 2007–2013. Th is is a document which is not obligated to be evaluated. Th e analysis of the article applies to three areas of study. Primarily, the document was analyzed in its discussion of evaluation . Moreover, the method of evaluating the draft of this document is discussed. Lastly, the recommended propositions, which result from the evaluation, are presented.

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