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Author: Katarzyna Znój
Author: Joanna Fryc
Author: Elżbieta Boligłowa
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 197-213
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201111
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201111.pdf

Abstract:

Agritourism, as an off-farm activity brings numerous advantages for the rural area, agriculture, but also for the farmers. Rural tourism and agritourism have been increasingly more often offered as a product not only in the local and national scale but also on international markets. In Poland it is particularly apparent in the north and south-western regions. Each region stands out among the other by its natural values, historical monuments, regional cuisine or local customs, which favour agritourism development. Krakow county is diversified as to its geography and therefore its natural characteristics. The county occupies the area of 1231 km2, which makes up 8% of the Malopolska Province area. It is composed of 17 communes (gminas) including 5 urban and rural communes (Krzeszowice, Skała, Skawina, Słomniki, Świątniki Gorne) and 12 rural communes: (Czernichow, Igołomia-Wawrzeńczyce, Iwanowice, Jerzmanowice-Przeginia, Kocmyrzow-Luborzyca, Liszki, Michałowice, Mogilany, Sułoszowa, Wielka Wieś, Zabierzow, Zielonki). Conducted analysis demonstrated that Krakow county (poviat) is an attractive region in many respects. The Ojcow National Park, situated in its area is under the highest form of environmental protection. Not only rare plant and animal species are strictly protected in the Park, but also unusual rock formations, bearing their own names e.g. Deotyma’s Needle, Hercules Club or Krakow Gate. There are numerous caves, e.g. King Lokietek Cave or Dark Cave and historical monuments, e.g. a castle in Pieskowa Skała, or a Chapel on the Water. The Park area covers the following communes: Skała, Sułoszowa, Jerzmanowice-Przeginia and Wielka Wieś. There are 12 nature reserves in the county area. The biggest nature reserve is situated in the Krzeszowice commune. The landscape parks situated in the county area, such as Bielińsko- Tyniecki, Tenczyński and Rodniański Parks, Krakow Valleys Landscape Park and Dłubniański Park form a Complex of Jura Landscape Parks. Numerous nature monuments (479) may be encountered here as well as historical monuments dated from various historical periods (43 historical churches and 56 manor house complexes). The greatest number of nature monuments is situated in the communes of Zabierzow, Skawina and Krzeszowice. Considering the nature and landscape conditions, the best conditions for tourism development are in the counties of Skała, Czernichow, Zabierzow and Krzeszowice.

Author: Arkadiusz Niedziółka
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 214-225
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201112
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201112.pdf

Abstract:

The article concerns different strategies of agritourism services development included in general districts development strategies. The author presented different conceptions and forms of strategic agritourism development. The state of agritourism development in Malopolska Voivodeship was shown. A number of agritourism farms in individual provinces in this region was presented. Besides, factors of agritourism development on this territory were shown. In the empirical part of the article results of researches carried out in 57 districts in Malopolska Voivodeship, on the subject of the role of local authorities in agritourism development, and on the subject of the significance of undertakings directed to agritourism development included in district’ development strategies worked out, were shown.

Author: Grażyna Karmowska
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 226-241
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201113
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201113.pdf

Abstract:

The articles purpose is to compare the development of two regions, with the special Research period is between 2004 and 2008. During research were used basic measures of economical, social and demographical development. Attempt was taken to answer these questions, does this regions need different ways of development and instruments of activization? Does the four years period in UE was properly used by these areas? Conducted analysis didn’t gave clear answers for the questions. There are areas where the rate of changes are similar for both regions (GDP, average monthly salary in agriculture, population age structure) but there are also great differences, some on the side of Zachodniopomorskie region and some on the side of Małopolskie. To give clear answers to these questions there should be conducted more specific studies and use other like synthetic measures of development.

Tags: rural areas measures of development

Author: Robert Pietrzykowski
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 242-258
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201114
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201114.pdf

Abstract:

The paper presents an analysis of agricultural land prices in 2009. The study was conducted for the good, medium and bad soil. In order to determine relation the price of agricultural land and selected factors causing regional differences, used spatial analysis. The studies were able to conclude that direct payments are a factor causing regional differences. In the statistical analysis used to Moran spatial coefficients and spatial regression model.

Author: Maciej Bosaj
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 259-271
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201115
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201115.pdf

Abstract:

In the article results of researches carried out in 2009 among farmers in six districts located in Malopolska region have been presented. The aim of the article is the presentation farmers’ opinions and attitudes against accomplishing structural alternations in their vicinity. The author focused his attention on farmers’ attitude towards their own soil depending on its importance for famili incomes. Getting to know farmers’ intentions against further fates of their farms, and also getting to know their estimations about the future of their farms in the vicinity can have particular significance in the prognosis and program of further development of rural areas – especially in such region with a big agrarian overpopulation like the Malopolska is.

Author: Piotr Cymanow
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 272-284
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201116
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201116.pdf

Abstract:

The paper presents main outcomes of labour related migrations taking into consideration a group of people entering productive age. Apart from presentation of significant problems connected with specific character of agricultural sector in the Malopolska and Subcarpathian Regions, also main elements determining population flow according to push-pull theory were characterized. Presented were also results of investigations on farm potential and connected with it professional future for young people from the areas with unfavourable agrarian structure. Significant dispersion of land resources combined with low agrarian culture and overpopulation of rural areas naturally caused the desagrarization phenomenon and a necessity for active seeking alternative sources of income for families living on agriculture. It was demonstrated, that in consequence the phenomenon favours migration for labour and contributes to increase the scale of labour related migration both in the country and abroad.

Author: Jarosław Mikołajczyk
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 285-299
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201117
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201117.pdf

Abstract:

Commercial farms in Poland reveal a considerable diversification of land productivity. The diversification occurs between the production types of farms and FADN regions, and therefore also among farms of the same type localized in different regions. Concerning the whole country, the highest land productivity characterizes horticultural farms, whereas the lowest productivity, depending on the region has been registered on farms specializing in field crops or on farms without any specialization In the regional approach, indicators of farm productivity apparently point to a predominance of farms from the Malopolska and Upplands regions, whereas the lowest productivity characterizes the Pomerania and Mazury regions. Combining the results of productivity according to types and regions allows for a conclusion that the highest land productivity characterizes small area horticultural farms in the Wielkopolska and Silesia regions, as well as in the Malopolska and Upplands regions. On the other hand, the lowest productivity was obtained by the largest area farms specializing in traditional field crops in the Pomerania and Mazury Regions.

Author: Stanisław Sarat
Author: Andrzej Radwan
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 300-316
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201118
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201118.pdf

Abstract:

The subject of the article is an analysis of the productive inputs resources on family farms and production-economic results depending on the socio-professional character of the family. The data for the analyses were provided by the results of questionnaire surveys conducted on 555 farms situated in four regions of Poland representing different types of agriculture. The analysis revealed than an average purely agricultural holding (D) has 2.6 times greater productive potential than a farm where both man and his wife are hired employees (A). Small area of these farms (A) determines the highest intensity of soil utilization, whereas the highest employment per area unit conditions the poorest reinforcement of labour force in land and capital. An opposite situation characterizes purely agricultural holdings (D). A synthetic indicator of relative use of productive inputs shows higher than average use of production potential in groups (D) and (B), whereas markedly lower in the other two groups.

Author: Wioletta Knapik
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 317-334
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201119
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201119.pdf

Abstract:

The paper of Wioletta Knapik „The quality rural community’s life on the basis of research” upons the problems of quality standards rural – local communities life’s the basis of research which done in the Sociology and the Rural Development Institute (research project). In the paper was used some aspects of these research, presented in chosen 3 rural communes, situated in Lesser Poland voivodship: Lipnica Murowana, Słomniki and Tarnow. It was characterized the notion „life’s quality” and introduced in different theoretical seizures. The meaning of this term is ambiguous, because the interpretation is connected with the scientific discipline, applied measuring methods and researches. The life’s quality depends of the own, subjective estimation. Conclusions from research were supplemented with chosen conclusions published in the report “The Social Diagnosis 2009. Conditions and the life’s quality of Poles”, edited by J. Czapiński and T. Panek. On the basis of this diagnosis the life’s quality level in case health protection of population in Lesser Poland voivodship is on the average level, according to the percentage of households using services of different agencies (compared with other provinces). The highest life’s quality according to number of inhabited rooms present the Commune Lipnica Murowana (56,9% respondents inhabit in 5, 6 or in 7 rooms) and the Commune Tarnow (accordingly: 50%). By analogy to case of respondents who are accommodated nearby the high street – Lipnica Murowana (86,5%) and Tarnow (85,0%). However the respondents from Communes: Słomniki and Tarnow; they have best access to the technical infrastructure. Almost all respondents think that their own communes is safe.

Author: Adam Majchrzak
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 335-360
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201120
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201120.pdf

Abstract:

In the paper the problem of development of the agricultural structures in the European Union member states was undertaken with the distinction of the case of Poland. The analyses show that despite the dominant role of family farms in the EU agriculture, the agrarian structure is characterized by significant diversity. At the same time tend to standardize them does not occur, and variation is maintained, inter alia, through the diversity of instruments of the Common Agricultural Policy. In the agrarian structure in Poland the polarization of farms takes place, which consists of the parallel emergence of large farms and those with a small area. This process is likely to be strengthened by the growing demand for non-productive functions of agriculture and rural development.

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