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Author: Dagmara Zuzek
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 361-374
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201121
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201121.pdf

Abstract:

The comprehensive support offered by the rural policy is an extremely important element of public support, which should be continued in order to achieve sustainable development, enabling the maintenance of rural life, while contributing to the competitiveness of the agricultural sector. It is necessary also to stress that the Polish, like other new member countries, rural development policy, in addition to cohesion policy – is and will remain a key element in the process of development and catching-up countries of the old „fifteen”. Rural Development Programme for the years 2007–2013 has aroused great interest among farmers and rural people, contributing substantially to support the competitiveness of Polish agriculture, environment and quality of life in rural areas. Therefore, Poland should strive to many elements of this support was continued in the coming years.

Author: Monika Jaworska
Author: Lidia Luty
Author: Janina Szewczyk
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 375-382
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201122
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201122.pdf

Abstract:

There is a perception that computerization is the basis for the development of knowledge-based economy. Absorption of new technologies is very uneven. The differences are particularly evident between rural and urban. The results of questionnaire investigations, conducted in 58 agricultural farms were introduced. Computers were used in 76% farms. Mainly standard operating and office programs are in use, only 12% of farmers use specialized programs. 80% of computer owners was connected to the Internet. You can highlight a number of reasons are still low level of computerization of rural areas including lack of adequate Internet infrastructure, farmer’s age, tradition and a lack of openness to innovation, low levels of education and the small size of farms. Results of a survey of farmers, however, shows that the respondents see the benefit of the introduction of computerization in farms, 62% said that keeping farms has become easier thanks to the computer.

Author: Magdalena Kowalska
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 383-396
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201123
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201123.pdf

Abstract:

It is possible to say about ecological awareness while we’re able to observe the existence of real contact within given community or if we assume its existence at least. In other cases it will simply fix the sum of individual states of consciousness, which do not form a self-contained whole. It will be a static category, not social [Górka and others 2001]. An ecological awareness comes into being in the process of acquaintance with nature and searching human place in natural environment. It is gained in the processes of social socialization with other elements of culture [Sadowski 2000]. In sociology the division of three periods: period of popular ecological awareness, next, period of shaping ideological elements and period of educational ecological awareness formulated under pro-ecological education and knowledge is very popular. The scientific research the state and the period of society’s ecological awareness can be carried out both by means of systematic or fragmentary sociological researches or by studies about social conflicts or ecological movements. However it’s considered that sociologists are not right when they affirm that it’s possible to acquire the scientific awareness totally deprived ideological elements because when ecological awareness should be shaped first it is necessary to determine relations man-environment, which determination is a fundamental assumption of philosophical nature. The basic difficulty in sociological research of ecological awareness is the lack of inner cohesion in given opinions and people attitudes. It results from this sphere that ecological awareness occurs in two forms: awareness only in declared form and realized awareness that is really enters into life. The level of compliance between these kinds of awareness depend on human social surroundings and exerted social pressure. According to Galińskiego [2008] ”dissonance between verbal behaviours and real ones in ecological sphere and preferences for instrumental ecological values make the expression of careless attitude of polish society against surroundings at all – not only against natural environment”. In Poland only in eighties in twelve century researches with the aim of acquaintance the awareness of society started to be carried out. From that time many significant sociological researches have been carried out, but none of them haven’t proved the problem fully.

Author: Anna Maria Rak
Author: Agata Mirończuk
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 396-409
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201124
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201124.pdf

Abstract:

Views on essence of information society and describing him parameters economical social they aren’t uniform however the general agreement is prevailing that comprehended information technologies are posing contemporary society’s inherent element extensively. Creating conditions to development economical-social requires country areas to create the suitable back-end in the discipline of applications of information technologies and computer networks. And therefore the need is occurring also of organizing the application for countryman’s, with individual farmers’ special consideration, of whom countryman’s preparation would be the chief objective to the active usage of the possibility information society is carrying which with itself. Big diversity is being watched in Poland in the field of the equipment of households to making it possible devices of the access to Internet. The area of the usage of modern technologies is being widened gradually in big towns, but also in country areas, in agribusiness, agricultural production and agricultural households. They assume today that the access is one of measures of information society’s development to Internet. In 2007 of year Internet became the so popular medium like the television in Poland and he is developed still dynamically. Despite disproportion is existing in the area of the country. No they often, result failing the ability to use the network they always have the only economic character. The alignment of chances of this part of society which is living in the country is becoming one of the most important challenges of the present day in this connection.

Author: Piotr Długosz
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 410-421
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201125
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201125.pdf

Abstract:

This publication presents results of the research conducted on the secondary-school graduates. From conducted research came out that young people have high educational and vocational aspirations. Youth also have features of modern personality, which is a sine qua non for modernization of periphery. In this connection we can assume, that borderland can count on endogenous sources of socio-cultural change.

Author: Paweł Juśko
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 422-438
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm2011126
PDF: ksm/15/ksm2011126.pdf

Abstract:

The article discusses the issue of district conferences, which were forms of teachers’ education, presenting them on the example of primary schools in Tarnow and Tarnow District in the years 1945–1975. District conferences date from the interwar period. Then they were the most popular forms of improving work of teachers in primary schools in Tarnow and Tarnow County. The district conferences played special role for teachers in rural environments where the availability of other types of educational forms were limited. After the Second World War the Ministry of Education has reintroduced district conferences and, like before 1939, the Polish Teachers’ Association was re sponsible for the organization of them. The location of conference areas generally coincide with the area of the PTA activity. Counties were divided in such a way as to enable all teachers to become involved in conferences. Primary school teachers from Tarnow and Tarnow County were highly involved in this form of training, as evidenced by attendance at conferences from 80% to 100% of registered teachers. Number of participants in each region was usually not more than 30 teachers. For the period 1949–1956 district conferences were replaced by ideological training of teachers. Since 1957, the district conferences were organized by the faculties of education departments in cooperation with the Polish Teachers’Association as well as control centers and the pedagogical and methodological units 5 times a year and consisted of two parts: methodological. where the demonstrated lesson was analyzed and a lecture, discussion or presentation. There was also a social part of the conference. Participation in conferences of teachers was voluntary. Since the 1959–1960 school year, presentations have become the main point of the district conference programs. District conference topics focused on methodological. didactic, pedagogical and psychological issues, there were also political and ideological topics. As a conference, teachers were also taken at least once a year on a sightseeing tour. The program of such district conference also consisted of a kind of social part in the form of common meals, singing, live bands performances and dance. The role and importance of the district conference was decreased by the fact that gradually they became just another ideological impact on teachers and thus lost their essential methodological and didactic function. In 1972, the Ministry of Education, in its decision prohibiting the district conferences during working hours led to the cessation of PTA carry that form of self-education and teacher education.

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