This article takes up topic rarely covered in Polish economic history i.e. compensations for nationalization and pre-IIWW debts to natural and legal persons from selected countries. During the 1948–1971 period Polish Government signed 12 bilateral indemnity agreements.
Based on these agreements Polish government transferred to the governments of foreign states lump-sum compensations to satisfy the claims of entities referred to above (exceptions: Norway – mutual compensation agreement offsetting claims, France – indemnization in the form of hard coal deliveries). Selection of these countries was done based on economic interests of Poland after IIWW (e.g. perspectives of export of hard coal). Historical source material for this article is note titled “Capitalist countries claims against Poland for pre-IIWW and IIWW debts as well as claims that arose out of Polish laws affecting foreign property after liberation.” Note is dated 19th March 1954 and was addressed to the Polish Minister of Finance. Document is kept in the Central Archives of Modern Records (AAN) in Warsaw, archival collection of the Ministry of Finance, Minister’s Office file, No 2/24.