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Author: Wojciech Nasierowski
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 136-143
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201411
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201411.pdf

Abstract:

This paper explores selected aspects of sustainability and organizational paradigms. In a more simple interpretation: how can we benefit from accumulated experience, even when the situation and context of operation changes? First, interpretations of paradigms are discussed, and their importance are emphasized. It is argued that paradigms, in the “Kuhn” sense, can be regarded valid in the natural sciences. Yet it is questionable whether they apply to social sciences, or in our everyday life. A discussion of ‘paradigms’ may also deal with context when little remains constant (eg.business), and when theories are contingent upon circumstances. From such a perspective a discussion concerning the existence of classical ‘paradigms’ in organizational theory is conducted, including examples of how difficult it is for some “organizational paradigms” to disappear. This outline is followed by examples of newly created paradigms that revolutionize our life. These new paradigms bring glory and fortunes to their authors; yet the same was true of paradigms that were valid decades or centuries ago. There are also “life (or personal) paradigms”, relative to small issues, which mark somewhat a shift from the world of micro-economy, to daily reality. The specific importance of these micro rules is explored based on incident related to the scholarly achievements of Professor Wiesław Grudzewski.

Tags: organizational paradigms

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Author: Marek Żejmo
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 144-165
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201412
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201412.pdf

Abstract:

Despite the fact that Switzerland does not formally belong to the European Union, it has always been strongly associated with the above organization at various levels. At first, after World War II, the contact was established with considerable caution which resulted from economic and trade contacts of Swiss government with Germany and Italy maintained during the war. First international contracts were related to the economic sphere and later on expanded by addressing the sphere of social issues such as legal system, culture, charity, science and education. At present, due to bilateral agreements, Switzerland has been integrated with the European Union even more than its newest Member States, i.e. Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia, which confirms the significant flexibility of this Community as well as its great possibility to adapt to each of its Members.

According to the Swiss, the greatest obstacle preventing this country from joining the EU is the upholding principle of eternal neutrality, although the importance of which has decreased over the years, it has been deeply rooted in Swiss mentality. Moreover, another factor preventing Switzerland from joining the EU is its strong economy as Swiss membership would result in the need to pay relatively higher contributions than that of other Member States of the Community. Although the contacts between the EU and Switzerland have been significantly intensified, the prospect of membership still seems relatively remote, all the more as bilateral agreements as well as participation in the Schengen area since 2008 make both parties satisfied and for now none of them intends to seek new solutions.

Tags: international organizations international politics Switzerland European Union integration

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Author: Agnieszka Kasińska-Metryka
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 166-174
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201413
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201413.pdf

Abstract:

Polish and Spanish way of democratisations seems to be similar; however, nowadays Spanish government has to face up to the economic crisis. The main idea of the article is to compare political systems, especially how the local government invests money in so-called tourist attractions. As well as being useless, many of those objects are too expensive to be maintained. It is worth mentioning that some Polish local governments try to implement Spanish ideas (so-called “Bilbao effect”) to their environment, which is not only risky, but also unsuccessful.

 

Tags: investment regions promotion crisis Spain Poland

Author: Jarosław Och
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 175-184
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201414
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201414.pdf

Abstract:

In the process of political transformation, initiated the events of the Round Table in 1989. Important place and importance is given to issues of self-government. Political science literature suggests in this regard to the fact that one of the pillars of political transformation in Poland was the transition from a monopoly of the central government to local government. Local government reform introduced by the Act of 1990 8. III. Introduced a new system of local government. Local government has become the authority of the local community and gave her the right to self-determination of its underlying decisions of political, economic and social. Breaking the monopoly of local government reform and the state Democratic Party has introduced local government model, derived from the local community and serving the public administrative functions under the permanent control of the representatives of the local community.

Tags: Constitution government elections transformation

Author: Krzysztof Makowski
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 185-214
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201415
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201415.pdf

Abstract:

The article presents, in the matter of practical relationships between territorial self-government units and communal companies, theoretical grounds of the issue. Who are self-government bodies, who is representing them, and especially, what are their competences in case of founding and supervising communal companies. The author explains, how the autonomy of companies featuring the municipal property is developed, including considerations about the activity of their bodies (the assembly of the associates, the supervisory board, the executive) and their powers toward the self-government Executive (Mayor, president) and the Legislature of the municipality (Municipal Council)

Tags: the companies supervision the autonomy of companies communal companies self-government executive territorial self-government

Author: Piotr Masiukiewicz
Year of publication: 2014
Pages: 215-229
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201416
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201416.pdf

Abstract:

Moral and legal responsibility is an inherent feature of managerial functions. In the praxeological cycle: act (decision) – effect – evaluation – responsibility – consequences, there is a range of theoretical and practical problems concerning responsibility. The responsibility of high-managers in banks seems to be of particular importance; a topic that received relatively little space in the literaturę of management. In practice, there are ethical problems concerning the level of requirements and qualifications versus salary and the level of legal and financial liability, especially against top-managers of the largest banks; often in a situation of extensive social impact of their decisions.

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Author: Zbigniew Chyba
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 230-242
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201417
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201417.pdf

Abstract:

Innovations have absolutely fundamental importance in the creation of enterprises’ competitiveness. There are a lot of sources of innovations, both external and internal. The innovations’ sources can be formal or informal, too. First of all, research and development play an important role in the creation of new technologies and products. Moreover, knowledge workers, based on their core competences and skills, are the main creators of new solutions. Finally, the internal sources can cause the creation of relatively sustainable competitive advantage in global market.

Tags: The competitiveness of enterprises The sources of innovation

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Author: Ewa Gołębiowska
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 243-258
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201418
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201418.pdf

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the new look at property management in the context of sustainable development trend which is a result of objective reasons taking place in the global economy, environmental requirements, social demands and the available technology. The need for a new approach to property management is dictated by the land development on Earth, for the latest 2030 forecasts assume that over 30 % of the population will be living and working in cities. This is an enormous challenge for the entire real estate market, its participants, but also for the theoreticians in the field of management science .

Tags: real estate market real estate management sustainable development

Author: Irena Hejduk
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 259-267
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201419
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201419.pdf

Abstract:

This project aims to improve the system of vocational safety and health training for young workers, in particular through the effective use of existing sources of explicit and hidden knowledge. The results of the project will be used by vocational schools and companies in order to increase the effectiveness of the education and development of young professionals’ pro-safe behavior in the workplace. It is projected that the results of this project will be implemented in at least 20 vocational schools educating 3,000 future employees. Within one year of project completion we may be able to improve the onset of pro-safe behaviors among young workers associated with cooperating schools.

Tags: explicit and hidden knowledge safety culture young workers

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Author: Anna Rachwał
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 268-286
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201420
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201420.pdf

Abstract:

The published document called The report of Kraków’s department of the National Land Bank in 1935 comes from the Archive of New Files in Warsaw, National Land Bank group, catalogue number 28. In the general part there are entries concerning the situation of agriculture in Kraków’s province in 1935. In the second part there is information on the subject of credit activity of Kraków’s National Land Bank department concerning short-term, medium-term and long-term credit, as well as issue credit. The published document can be helpful for the research dedicated to the history of the economics in Kraków’s province during interwar period. Information included in this document are especially valuable for the people dealing with banking and the history of agriculture.

 

Tags: economic history interwar period agricultural credit Kraków’s province banking Agriculture

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