• facebook
Author: Arkadiusz Machniak
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 5-20
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201501
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201501.pdf


Polish Insurgent Forces was anticommunist conspiracy organization. It was founded by Roman Kisiel – former peasant activist. The purpose of the organization were fight with communist government and takeover of authority in case of another world war. Because of fast work out in detail of the organization by communist Secret Political Police it acted very short time – only beginning of the fifties XX century. Organization acted in Rzeszowskie Voivodeship and backup mainly on former peasant activits. Its possible development in Poland was impossible because of destroying the organization in 1952.

Tags: conspiration 51 aparat repression communist organization movement folk

Author: Katarzyna Flisak
Year of publication: 2015
Pages: 21-38
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201502
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201502.pdf


This document presents the report of the Commissioner of the Government for the Jewish population in Poland, which includes the period from the establishment of the Office 8 August 1946 to 22 June 1947. The task of the Government Commissioner was to help in the reconstruction of the Jewish population in postwar Poland. The Commissioner was responsible for repatriation of the Jewish people assistance in gaining employment and qualifications. He also undertook activities connected with social welfare, education, as well as emigration. In his report he also referred to a wide diversity of Jewish population in terms of political and organizational issues. This document also contains information about the organization of the Commission Government Office, and its cooperation with the authorities of the State administration and the Jewish organizations in Poland.

Tags: social welfare repatriation Jewish population unemployment moral education

Author: Mirosław Kłusek
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 39-48
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201503
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201503.pdf


The beginning of Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives is linked to Malopolska Region, where agricultural cooperative movement initialized by Stefan Stefczyk in 1899 was captured into concise legal frames called „The Bureau of Patronage over Companies of Savings and Loans at the State Department in Lwow”. That credit institution became seed of Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives in Lwow established in 1909. State Credit Union was an outpost of particularly self-governing, state character contributing towards the development of agricultural cooperatives. Soon after regaining independence by Poland after World War I, The Bureau of Patronage over Agricultural Companies in Lwow was reorganized into Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives in Warsaw with extended area of operation onto the entire territory of the Republic of Poland. During the Nazi occupation Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives still remained the financial centre for agricultural cooperatives. Unfortunately, after liberation from the German occupation Credit Union of Agricultural Cooperatives was forced to cease its activity.

Tags: loan companies banking agricultural cooperatives agricultural loan Agriculture

Author: Henryk Składanowski
Year of publication: 2015
Pages: 49-86
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201504
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201504.pdf


The analysis of the materials show that the CIA prisons, where the members of Al-Kaida were kept and interrogated, were founded in Poland in 2002 when the country was governed by SLD. The PiS politicians who were in the following government knew about the fact but did not want to reveal it to the public. The party of PO which has been governing the country since 2007 has not solved the problem yet. European Court Of Human Rights held in its verdict of 24 July 2014 that there had been the CIA prisons in our country. According to that verdict Poland violated the European Convention on Human Rights and its ban on torture. Poland has not solved the problem, prolonging the investigation 15 times. It is extended until 11 April 2015. On 23 October 2014 our country appealed to European Court of Human Rights to hear the case again.

Tags: The European Convention on Human Rights Al-Kaida CIA prisons European Court of Human Rights Poland

Author: Janusz Adam Frykowski
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 87-104
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201505
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201505.pdf


Zimno, the seat of the Uniate parish of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, dates back to 1388. Originally, this tiny country village belonged to the Duchy of Belz, which was incorporated into the administrative structure of Poland as the Belz Voivodeship in 1462. After the first partition of Polish – Lithuanian Commonwealth, this land was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, then it became part of the Duchy of Warsaw and following the joint resolutions of the Congress of Vienna it was given to Russia.

Such location meant that this land was the area of influences of two dioceses of Chelm, both Eastern Orthodox and Latin, therefore, its dwellers were both Eastern Orthodox (then Uniates) and Roman Catholic as well. The parish established here was an Eastern Orthodox parish, which, after the Union of Brest, became a Uniate parish. The parish constituted a one-village community which administratively belonged to the Deanery of Tyszowce. It functioned this way until the end of the eighteenth century, i.e. the first partition, when this land was annexed by the Habsburg Austria. Due to the Josephine administrative reform imposed by the Habsburg Austria, the parish in Zimno was liquidated and incorporated into the St. Michael the Archangel Uniate parish in Zerniki, while the church in Zimno was demoted to the rank of a branch church. The parish functioned that way until the liquidation of the Union of Brest.

Tags: utensils parements Uniates paroch (parish priest) endowment Deanery parish Zimno Orthodox Church

Author: Jarosław Sokolnicki
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 105-112
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201506
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201506.pdf


A hybrid is a mixture of two different things, resulting in something that has a little bit of both. Like the rare zeedonk, a hybrid of a donkey and a zebra. Hybrid refers to many areas of life biology, electrical power generation, electronics, film, games and sport, music, literature, vehicles. Other examples of the use of hybrids

  • Hybrid security, a type of economic instrument,
  • Hybrid word, a word derived from more than one language,
  • Hybrid market, a system allowing stock trades to be completed either electronically or manually,
  • Hybrid organization, an organization that mixes elements of various sectors of society

The world around us is a hybrid and it is no longer just a state of transition. This also applies to Cloud Computing. Hybrid cloud is a composition of two or more clouds (private, community or public) that remain distinct entities but are bound together, offering the benefits of multiple deployment models. Business requires a flexible IT infrastructure that can scale on demand. A hybrid cloud gives organizations the best of both worlds, so company can take advantage of external resources when it makes sense from business perspective. Varied use cases for hybrid cloud composition exist. For example, an organization may store sensitive client data in house on a private cloud application, but interconnect that application to a business intelligence application provided on a public cloud as a software service. This example of hybrid cloud extends the capabilities of the enterprise to deliver a specific business service through the addition of externally available public cloud services. Hybrid cloud adoption depends on a number of factors such as data security and compliance requirements, level of control needed over data, and the applications an organization uses. Another example of hybrid cloud is one where IT organizations use public cloud computing resources to meet temporary capacity needs that cannot be met by the private cloud. This capability enables hybrid clouds to employ cloud bursting for scaling across clouds. Cloud bursting is an application deployment model in which an application runs in a private cloud or data center and „bursts” to a public cloud when the demand for computing capacity increases.

Tags: SaaS PaaS IaaS Hybrid Cloud Cloud Computing

Author: Adrian Dudkiewicz
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 113-121
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201507
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201507.pdf


The article presents the essence of the sustainability concept in the light of literature, including history and development in later years, and definitions published by scientists from Poland and the rest of the world. This publication also presents a study on the rapid growth in popularity of this concept in the world and examples of implementation of sustainability in companies.

Tags: implementation sustainability in business practice in management literature concept of sustainability political theory

Author: Bartosz Maciej Wiśniewski
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 122-135
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201508
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201508.pdf


Creating a innovating social-economic environment is a key to to helping the development of society based on knowledge. The realisation of the innovation policy takes place at the local government level. The main strategy of development is created at the central level but it’s the local government is responsible for implementing that strategy. There can be observed a wrong understanding of innovation. Innovation is not only connected with new technologies and so it is more important now then ever to build a social attitude of innovation promotion.

Tags: knowledge based socjety Social innovations Education local government

Author: Jan Fazlagić
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 136-146
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201509
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201509.pdf


This paper aims to briefly describe the two types of strategies (strategic orientations), namely: play-to-win (PTW) and play-not-to-lose (PNTL) as well as to propose some tools for their operationalization within the framework of public management by local governments at county level. The PTW strategies are related to offensive approaches and benefiting from emerging opportunities – they can be defined as “results oriented”. The PNTL, are defensive, based on the current (or even historical) standing of an organization – they can be defined as “survival oriented”. Some examples of possible applications and management tools of the PTW vs. PNTL thinking to the situation of local governments will are described. These tools may be helpful in identifying the specific approach in strategic thinking of local governments. The analysis of the two approaches is of particular importance for the measurement of intellectual capital at county level. The PTW vs. PNTL implies the type of investment decisions and budgetary spending policies as well as attitudes and behaviours promoted locally.

Author: Ewa Zadęcka
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 147-156
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201510
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201510.pdf


The author of the article reflects on the promotion possibilities of small towns, indicating that they still remain in the shadow of large centres. The factor that determines the promotional success of a town is the awareness of a need to adopt a marketing orientation, precise developed of promotion strategy and adequate financial resources for the implementation of proposed activities. Concerning small towns, at the moment none of these conditions can be considered fulfilled on a satisfactorily level. Small towns’ opportunities in an increasingly competitive market are: a change of lifestyle from the big city to a small-town one, cooperative promotion with other cities, and the set jetting recently so popular.

Tags: set jetting small-town lifestyle promotion strategies promotion possibilities small town

  • 1
  • 2

Message to:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart