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Author: Karol Kukuła
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 9-34
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200401
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200401.pdf

Abstract:

The paper presents the origin and meaning of minor patriotic looms from the period of the First World War lengthened by the years of 1919 and 1920. It shows the significance of these objects in the times of their emission and nowadays. Generally it presents chosen objects from the collection of medals, badges, collars and rings connected with independence recovery by Poland after the years of captivity.

Author: Jacek Knopek
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 35-62
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200402
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200402.pdf

Abstract:

The migration of Poles in the period of 1939-1945 is pointed in the article. Just like all the dislocations of population fulfilled in the period of 1939-1945, the afflux of Poles to North Africa had a compulsory character. The emigration from the Polish lands was caused by the war and the warfare, and in the aftermath with it, the extermination of population. Article, in an analytical way, talks over the migration processes to the north ~ African land in a chronological order.  Till the year 1939, the migrations of Poles to the North Africa were not in pro- gress on such a large scale as the one that took place during the II World War. In the XIX and the first half of the XX century, Poles were coming to the North Africa in groups of several dozens or few hundreds of people. Before the outbreak of the World War II, in the North African territory, were about 1000 persons of the eco- nomical emigration and about 1000 persons of the military emigration. During the war, about 1300 Polish civilian emigrants, arrived in the territory of Maghreb, and stayed there from several weeks to few years; among them were Poles and also Polish citizens of Jewish descent.  Poles in Egypt were a numerically larger group. However, the centers created there were temporary, and the residence of Poles was short - lived. There were no centers of Polish civilian emigration in the north - east Africa, which survived in that territory during the whole period of the war. Thus, the residence of Poles at the Nile had a completely different character.  In a wider degree, in the north Africa during the war, arrived Polish military emigrants. Including the soldiers of the Foreign Legion, in the French North Africa stayed temporary, or for a longer time, about 8100 Polish militaries, among who the most numerous groups were of Polis aviators and the air force technical staff, the soldiers of Polish September and the Polish Army in the West. Like civilian people, they stayed in the Maghreb countries from several weeks to dozens weeks or so, because they were to be evacuated to the Polish Armed Forces in the West.

Author: Jan Trąbka
Author: Piotr Walecki
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 63-88
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200403
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200403.pdf

Abstract:

This work concentrates around important aspects of a metalinguistic issue that are a character of existing general notion, therefore elementary categories of abstract structure knowledge. There is put an accent on phenomenological approach that is formulated as a turning point in a scientific practice method. In the first part turns up a historical, far-reaching draft and general classification of the main ways that undertaken subject matter can be present. The second part is more detailed fundamental principles description of phenomenology on the background of its semantic thesis. The focus on this philosophic trend was dictated to a regard of contemporary phiIOSOphy oriented on process that seems to be the main scientińc stream in the XXI century. Here, basic questions relate to ontological and episte- mological problems of notions formulation in philosophy context.

Author: Piotr Ziarek
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 89-100
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200404
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200404.pdf

Abstract:

In the article, the problem of extremely different interpretations of "Republic” by Plato, has been presented. The author attempts to answer a question: What influ- ences the fact that some people are negatively affected by a piece of art while others positively. This situation is caused by an ambiguity of Plato's language in his works.  Scholars are under great impact of their differing woldviews and also their atti- tude towards empirical and nonempirical reality while estimating or perceiving a given utopia. The evaluation of human consciousness, mentality, changes of political systems and civilisational changes, scientific and technical progress have also influenced the attitude towards what could be and is not, and towards what is possible or impossible.  The author states that difficulties that hinder unambiguous estimation of Plato lie in the following reasons: all Plato's works, including the most important: Republic” and "Laws”, depicting a vision of ideal political system are closely con- nected with mythology, and in that situation it becomes highly difficult to separate the truth from a myth. Secondly, Plato freguently uses allegory or metaphors in his dialogues, as well as irony or jokes while describing serious issues. All those factors blur the clarity of understanding his ideas.  The author formulates a statement, that a critic Karl R. Popper, too hastily named Plato the father of totalitarianism, as he was influenced by strong emotions created by historical events of the years 1917-1945. The fact that the author is irritated and appalled by the deeds of the XX century war criminals is fully understandable and reasonable, but the same attitude towards this ancient scholar and his political ideas seems to be inappropriate and erroneus.

Author: Tomasz Zacłona
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 101-110
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200405
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200405.pdf

Abstract:

The possibility of raising a company's market value with the help of public relations is becoming extremely attractive in the context of the present situation on the market. PR seen as the management of communication is able to select the right messages, tools and methods in order to stimulate the growth of a company's value most effectively in given conditions. The PR experts take care of the firms proper relations with the media; they organize conferences, inform about any changes, prepare materials for the press, design web pages and arrange interviews; thus upkeeping good relations With journalistsflhey also manage the editing of leaflets, brochures and periodicals aimed at facilitating the communication within the firm and outside. Furthermore, they work to win the support of opinion-setting circles and personalities thus involving them in the creation of the company's possitive image. 'Ihey also manage the system of visual identification by creating the stan- dards of Corporate Identity. Moreover, they take care of the employees” image and draft their speeches. Dealing with crisis situations is their task, too. The monitoring of media and their own conduct is their ńnal duty.  Many factors point to PR's having a decisive influence on the market value of  companies.

Author: Dorota Murzyn
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 111-126
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200406
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200406.pdf

Abstract:

Poland joined the European Union on May 1, 2004 and subsequently became eli- gible for support from the EU structural funds and Cohesion Fund. The primary objective of these funds is provision of assistance in reducing the development disparities between regions in order to strengthen the economic and social cohe- sion. The Integrated Regional Operational Programme (ZPORR) is one of seven Operational programmes to be used in implementing the 2004-2006 National Development Plan/ Community Support Framework. An allocation of 40839 mil- lion Euro in public expenditure is provided for the implementation of the ZPORR in the years 2004 -2006, out of which 2,9685 million Euro will be from the resources of the structural funds: European Regional Development Found and European Social Found. The programme is managed at the national level, but implemented at the level of the region.  ZPORR is the most important programme document from the perspective of regional development policy implemented by the Regional Authority. 'The sum of 185 million Euro will be earmarked for the implementation of the ZPORR in Małopolska in the years 2004-2006, and the majority of this sum will be spent on projects relating to the construction and extension of the region's infrastructure (projects related to transport, environmental protection, culture and tourism, infrastructure of the information society). The number of projects in Małopolska so far alows us to think that the region will make the most of the funds earmarked for it. At the moment the main goal is to prepare the region to the next period 2007-2013, as from 2007 onwards, responsibility for preparing and implementing regional development programmes will be fully delegated to the voivodship self- government level.

Author: Janina Szczepaniak
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 127-142
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200407
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200407.pdf

Abstract:

The paper shows that globalisation - apart from its name - is not at all a new pro- cess. 'Ihe thing that distinguishes it among other elements of economic develop- ment has been so far hidden behind processes of economic growth. In general, it has also deepened problems noticed earlier.  Economic theory of globalisation has emerged from liberalism belonging to the major course of economy, i.e. orthodox economy. The whole achievement of this course of economy in the other half of the twentieth century has undergone a se- vere criticism. Earlier and present achievements have been criticised both by the representatives of the main stream as the economists of other streams. Neverthe- less it has not influenced significantly general appearance, contents and methods of new liberal economy. Apart from that - or rather should we say thanks to that it has remained in accordance with general development of science and somehow has responded to social expectations. One can say that it has accommodated within one side attitude to all kinds of issues of modern times. From this it follows that real solution of problems may be brought by taking into account the opposite attitude and

Author: Jarosław Klajn
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 143-154
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200408
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200408.pdf

Abstract:

Economic transformation In Poland has had a great impact on the development of small and medium size enterprises.  The paper presents the diagnosis of small and medium size enterprises sector in Zamojski district by 3 lst of December, 2002. It discusses both advantages and limitations of development of such forms of economic activities. Small and medium size enterprises located within the area of the district discussed not only guarantee work places for the most of the employed, but also create new work places.  The role of small and medium size enterprises as a source of new work places has both economic and social character. This sector of the national economy is the representative of enterprising activities because quite often small and medium size enterprises are the only form of any economic activity in the eastern region and can be the starting point for economic development in general.

Author: Iwona Gawron
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 155-166
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200409
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200409.pdf

Abstract:

Initiative is one of the key features which should characterise contemporary man- agers who want to have and maintain success on the market. We cannot overesti- mate the meaning of initiative: it helps with the economic growth, boosts new techniques and brings more competition to the market.  Initiative cannot be copied. Only the companies which are open to change and are able to use their strengths and supress weaknesses can beat their competitors.  The presented article focuses on the role and importance of initiative in the changing business environment. It also analyses the structure and functioning of the companies in Małopolskie voyvodship with the great stress on Nowosądecki region. The analysist of this region's initiative showed that despite many factors which are against entrepreneurs, it is still open to new investments and the proof of this are the new firms which have recently been founded.

Author: Janusz Fudaliński
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 167-186
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200410
PDF: ksm/08/ksm200410.pdf

Abstract:

Attempts to evaluate the influence of the EU programmes on the development of small and medium-scale enterprises in Poland ecounter considerable method- ological difficulties. The difficulties arise from both the scarcity of adequate research tools and the character of the matter in question.  lhe notion of the development of a firm as well as that of its value may be defined and understood in a wide variety of ways. Furthermore, the most serious problem lies in the fact that the results of the influence of assistance funds applied are hard to isolate from the effects of other factors affecting the enterprises, such as business cycles, macroeconomic policy of the state, etc. 'The support from the EU budget is only one of a large number of influences exerted in the sphere of the activity of the enterprises.  What seems to be self-evident, though, is the fact that the allocation of funds for subsidizing the activity of small and medium enterprises will affect the value and development of the sector under consideration.  The article highlights the significance of the assistance programmes in relation to factors contributing to the developmental potential of the firms and their value alike. The influence remains unquestionable and there are indications of its positive results. Nevertheless, only a more detailed research is capable of supplying an accu- rate estimate of the scale of this phenomenon. Likewise, it is able to assess interfer- ences that determine a correlation between individual factors which, in turn, form the developmental opportunities and value of the enterprises.

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