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Author: Krzysztof Kania
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 7-33
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200601
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200601.pdf

Abstract:

The article “Polish-English Commercial Affairs in the Years 1918–1939”aims at explaining the readers economic problems between the two countries a topic so rarely dealt within Polish historiography. The main sources for this article were professional economic magazines published in Warsaw in the 1920s and 1930s.
England, in the statistics of the Second Republic of Poland, year by year has been playing a more important role as a importer of Polish goods, thus becoming for a couple of years – since 1931– the most important country, to which Polish goods were exported.
In the article, the reader will also find the texts of two Polish-English commercial treaties, signed on 26th November 1923 and 27th February 1935. Their influence on goods exchange between Warsaw and England has been analysed. A lot of space has been devoted to coal rivalry between the two countries. It started off with the English miners’ strike at the end of the year 1926 and lasted until an agreement was signed on 6th December 1934.

Author: Eugeniusz Hull
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 34-58
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200602
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200602.pdf

Abstract:

In the archives of the National library you can find Adam Chętnik typescript titeled ‘Under German-Nazi Head-Butt of an Axe’. It consists of two parts, which altogether have 193 numbered pages. Part one was subtiteled by Chętnik: ‘Memories, Stories and Materials from the Geramn Occupation in Poland (1940–1941)’, second one: ‘Under German-Nazi Head-Butt of an Axe. Diaries, Memories, Notes. Part II (The Continuation) Warsaw… 1942–1944’. Both parts have a continuosu numberation and separate indexes with numbered with ink titeles of subsections.
The goal of the author was to preapre a general documentation of various areas of life under occupation. He is interested in matters of sociological, cultural, and relating to customs matters. Many places is dedicated to ‘the being’.

Author: Kazimierz Pierzchała
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 59-64
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200603
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200603.pdf

Abstract:

The article “Religious Attitudes of Imprisoned People” explains in the introduction the term of attitude in an emotional and cognitive aspect, as well as the term of religion in the subject and object meaning.
The term of religion has various understandings in the literature of the subject: from the existential one of Fromm, through the life philosophy in Allport and religion as a mental condition in Maslow, to the division of religion in the modern psychology into an external, internal and personal one.
Next, there is an analysis of the term of attitude as the relation of an object to a subject, and of the influence of lifestyle and environment on the attitude. The author describes the attitudes of imprisoned people in the years 2003 and 2004, defining the role of various “senders” influencing the formation of such attitudes.
The conclusions suggest that prisoners’ characteristic attitude is a traditional one, and their religiousness is external, realized in the need for security and a social position.

Author: Witold Kabański
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 65-77
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200604
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200604.pdf

Abstract:

The article “A Few Remarks on the Legal Status of a Euro Deputy” presents the regulations for a deputy defined in the European Parliament.
The first part deals with the guarantee institutions provided in legal acts. The areas covered by an immunity are specified here in detail, accompanied by an explanation of the purpose of a particular privilege. The explanation of immunities is enriched by examples from Polish politics and hypothetical situations of when and how a deputy can be protected, also financially.
The second part is concerned with the implementation criminal responsibility of a Euro deputy. It presents the procedure of a possible accusation of a deputy, of setting aside of an immunity, also with the support of examples.
The third part analyses specific mechanisms of regulation of the European parliamentary system, giving primacy to the OLAF institution to protect the finances of the Union. It specifies the relation of the office to fight corruption and fraud to e.g. immunities and obligation to cooperate with the parliament.

Author: Tomasz Zacłona
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 78-89
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200605
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200605.pdf

Abstract:

The article “Chosen Psychological Aspects of the Formation of a Politician’s Image” starts with an analysis of the image of the politicians taking part in the 2005’ election campaigns in Poland.
It points at the recent new quality of the creation of a politician’s and party image and endeavors to answer the two predominant questions of why the image does not have the expected effect and of how politicians themselves can influence the creation of their image in society.
The problem is considered from a psychological point of view, dealing with the awareness of the outside world, focusing on cognitive mechanisms, such as perception of an individual, the functioning of social schemes or imagination. The author, referring to literature of the subject, presents an analysis rich in terms and cause – effect relations.
The complexity of various perception mechanisms requires a careful selection of methods to lead to a coherent image of a politician.

Author: Anna Jonarska
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 90-104
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200606
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200606.pdf

Abstract:

The movement of privatizaton as an idea of bringing prosperity did not exist in culture before. Satisfaction however always found a way to express, maybe different in type but yet some. A cause of stronger will to obtain amenities and luxury was undoubtedly connected with an evolution of life standards and a dynamic development of industrial technology. Wider range of people might then have goods bigger than basic social needs. A comfort stopped meaning only good things and persons and became a determinant of a life style and a synonym for “success” and “achievements”.
This paper presents development of comfortable interiors that created pure idea in a second half of XIX century. Passing times add their own parts to the picture of comfort, as for example practicality or individuality. The comfort is attached immanently to a people behavior, style and a fashion of existing period.

Author: Mirosław Kłusek
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 105-125
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200607
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200607.pdf

Abstract:

Stresemann’s political activity concerning the abolition of external control over German armament, problems of Reparations, and ending of military occupation of German territories by ally forces, has to be considered as a prologue to revision of the Treaty of Versailles resolutions, including the problem of German borders. However, it is not possible to state categorically, whether Stresemann had a plan of pursuing modifications of German-Polish borderline, after he had settled the most important controversies with the West. In his eastern policy the decisive factor was economy, not politics, especially when we talk about decisions of German crediting of Russian investments. Stresemann considered it as a useful argument to press both Moscow and the West, so they acted favorably to him in cases of the Ruhr region, reduction of Germany’s Reparations payments, and admission of his country to the League of Nations.

Author: Jakub Piecuch
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 126-145
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200608
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200608.pdf

Abstract:

Spain has been participating in the significant part of community funds since its accession to the EU. The structural aid which was allocated to Spain, is related to four structural funds – European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF), European Social Fund (ESF), European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance (FIFG). Since in 1993 Spain has became also the beneficiary of the Cohesion Fund.
Among all EU members, it is Spain which benefits from structural funds in the widest range, both in previous years as well as during present planning period.
In period 1989–1993 Spanish participation reached the level of 20,85 %, in next planning period increased to 22,6% and finally during the present period equals 23,5% of all structural funds.
European means obtained by Spain within the framework of structural funds and Cohesion Fund have played the role of the most important instrument which determined economic development of Spain and particular Autonomous Communities. The European aid resulted in raised economic development rate, increase of investment scale in infrastructure and, what is even more important, caused considerable unemployment reduction.

Author: Barbara Sosenko
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 146-166
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200609
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200609.pdf

Abstract:

The author discusses the role of social capital in economic life. In the first part – she introduces the idea of social capital and its six elements: participation in networks, reciprocity, trust, social norms, a sense of the “commons”, co-operation and being proactive. The author also presents economists’ opinions on the influence of social capital on economy. The last part of the paper describes the role of social capital on the labour market and its influence on innovativeness and entrepreneurship.

Author: Jacek Strojny
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 167-191
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200610
PDF: ksm/10/ksm200610.pdf

Abstract:

The obtainment of the synthetic measure of the level of the agricultural production development requires the employment of methods taking into considerations both, the peculiarity and problem multidimensionality. The statistical comparative multidimensional analyses may meet this expectations. The comparisons implicate the diagnosis of objects’ state, and also the relations between them. The use of quantitative methods guarantees the analysis objectivism and this allows to avoid of subjective explorer’s opinions. These methods make possible the accomplishment of the evaluation and the comparison of objects characterized with considerable number of features.
The comparative study within the agricultural sector enables: the estimation of the production effects, the desirable directions indication of the input enlarging to improve the effects, being the basis of rationalization in this area. Additionally, comparative analyses can become the basis of the homogenous groups separation with regard on essential features.
The study exemplifies an attempt at the synthetic formulation of the comparative analysis of agricultural plant production levels and their efficiency represented by crops indicators. The investigation was conducted among UE members states as well as two Candidate Countries – Bulgaria and Romania.
The study focuses on the methodology of the statistical comparative analysis within the agri-sector when a considerable number of features with different unit of measure characterize the objects.

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