- Year of publication: 2018
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-5
- DOI Address: -
The article concerns the constitutional position and political role of the President of the Republic of Poland. Though the Author concentrates on the current constitution of Poland, that entered info force in 1997, he also reviews all the constitutions (and important amendments to these constitutions) that were adopted over the last century, so after Poland had restored its sovereignty in 1918.
The analysis is concentrated not only on the constitutional position and political role of the Polish president, but also on the way he was (and is) elected. The Author tries to prove a thesis that the actual political position of the head in the state in Poland depended and still depends not only on constitutional provisions, but also on specific political circumstances, and even the character and personality of the people holding this office.
The subject of the Belarusian minority in Podlasie, in addition to references to sociology or economics, is primarily of a political nature. The notions of identity and changes referred to have primary character for the conducted argument. The first of them is identity, which allows to indicate the distinctive features of the discussed minority in relation to other groups and cultural conditions of the region. The second concept is a change that allows to trace the discrepancies and similarities that characterize the dynamics to which the social group under examination is subject. Among the determinants influencing the transformation of the Belarusian minority in Podlasie, three remain key: the physical environment, the organization of life in the economic and political dimension, and cultural factors, with particular emphasis on the importance of religion.
The text presents an outline of the history of local government development in Poland over the last hundred years, with particular emphasis on the last three decades. Its importance was discussed in the process of decentralization and democratization of the broadly understood political system. It was emphasized that it was this segment that was the first to be subjected to democratic changes and that it is in this area, both objectively and in the opinion of the public, that one can speak about the greatest success in rebuilding the social and political system of Poland. The extremely important role of self-government in the socio-economic development of the state was also pointed out, which is also connected with the fact that in no other country local governments play such a significant role in using EU structural funds. The role of local self-government as a school of democracy was also presented, showing that it is increasingly a kind of a center for the cadres of central power elites. Particular emphasis was placed on the fact that it is at this level that the instruments of direct democracy are used to the greatest extent, which favors democratic education in increasing social subjectivity. . It was also pointed out that after the parliamentary elections in 2015, won by the "Prawica Razem" coalition, the central authorities are taking steps to strengthen their position in relation to the local government.
In 2018 it is 100 years since the end of the First World War. In 1919–1939 there were several dozen veterans’ organizations in Poland, including those comprising insurgents from 1863, former military units and members of independence organizations before 1914, organizations of veterans from military units of 1914–1918, organizations of veterans of units of the Polish army from 1918–1920, organizations of war invalids, organizations of former independence activists and political prisoners, organizations of veterans from national minorities, and unions of reservists. These were combined on the advice of Józef Piłsudski into one Federation of Polish Defenders of the Fatherland. After 1989, this was revived.
Among the pro-independence organizations that in post-war years became part of the wartime historiography were those in Krakow. In the years 1918–1939 there were 15 organizations in Krakow that gathered former legionnaires and fighters for freedom and an independent Poland. Among them were also paramilitary women’s organizations.
In addition to the organizations in Poland itself, there were also Polish emigrant organizations. Most of the pro-independence organizations published their own magazines. This article presents a review of independence organizations in the interwar period in Krakow and the Krakow province of that time.
The East Asian region has never been among the priority directions of Polish foreign policy – only a few percent of Polish diplomatic engagement was focused on the entire Asian continent. In turn, this small percentage of Polish commitment was divided among all countries in the region. Nonetheless, it is worth noting, that in the examined period (2003–2017), a several very important bilateral agreements were concluded – including agreements that Japan decided to make only with a narrow group of countries.
In the following paper I decided to analyze the last 14 years of bilateral relations between Poland and Japan. The article uses both language sources (Polish and Japanese), as well as a statistical data.
At the end of the paper will be shown, that even though relations are developing in the right direction, it should be considered whether the pace of their development will not prevent them from intensification.
The article is focused on the political and economic relations between Poland and Great Britain in last three decades. In first part of the article it was introduced the evolution of the most important political events in bilateral relations and convergent and divergent matters relates to the business of both states before and after the obtainment by the Poland of the membership in NATO and the European Union. Asymmetry among both countries in the political and economic aspect was also underlined. In second part of the article, the attention was concentrated on the analysis of mutual economic relations, in this the growth of trade turnover, services and investments. Consequences for Poland connected with the exit of Great Britain from European Union become also approximate. Four principal conclusions were introduced in the end of the article.
The article concerns selected problems in the bilateral cooperation between Poland and Romania in 2009–2017. The study attempts to identify the challenges these countries face and how they take action in this regard. The article presents the problem of political and economic cooperation between Poland and Romania in the examined period of time. Issues such as cooperation in the area of external security, energy security or cooperation within the framework of the Three Seas Initiative were discussed. It is important that the joint activities undertaken by Romania and Poland contribute to increasing the attractiveness of the region of Central and Eastern Europe.
The transformation period brought a number of positive changes, but many threats also appeared. These included changes in the labor market, changes in the social structure as well as threats on a global scale. The society’s view on problems related to security and its most important elements also changed. The article presents selected aspects related to the change in the perception of security in the years 1990–2015.
The article shortly presents Poland’s relations with France from the ending of World War II up to the year 1970, the death of general Charles de Gaulle. The ending of war actions brought major changes to the Polish-French relations. Poland was able to make alliances and international connections under strict surveillance of USRR. Of course it had an impact on Poland’s relations with France, which depended on the French-Soviet relationships. International politics have major influence on current relations between Warsaw and Paris. At this moment Polish-French relations have worsen. Unless both countries work towards agreement, Poland’s relationship with France will not get better. Only thing that is left, is to have hope that both Paris and Warsaw will come to a conclusion that rapprochement may bring mutual benefits.
© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.
Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart