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Themis Polska Nova (7)

Author: Jacek Sobczak – redaktor naczelny
Institution: Uniwersytet SWPS
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 236
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2
PDF: tpn/Themis2014_7.pdf

Spis treści

  • Witold Wołodkiewicz Wolność do religii czy wolność od religii (strona 5)
  • Agnieszka Góra-Błaszczykowska Wszczęcie procesu cywilnego przez prokuratora (kilka uwag de lege ferenda i de lege lata) (strona 14)
  • Jacek Sobczak Ograniczenie zasady działania sądu z urzędu i jego wpływ na wyrokowanie (strona 27)
  • Katarzyna Chałubińska-Jętkiewicz Status prawny agencji reklamowej w ustawodawstwie polskim (strona 44)
  • Tomasz Strugalski Studium przypadku odpowiedzialności z art. 430 k.c. za wypadek w sporcie (strona 64)
  • Vytautas Dumbliauskas, Adas Jakubauskas Relacje między politykami a biurokratami: W. Wilson, M. Weber, J. Schumpeter (strona 80)
  • Bartosz Hordecki Główne idee narodnictwa i anarchizmu rosyjskiego w kontekście przekształceń oficjalnej ideologii carskiej doby pomikołajowskiej (strona 100)
  • Maria Gołda-Sobczak Regionalizacja w Europie. Idea, granice normatywne i ich realizacja (strona 127)
  • Inga Oleksiuk Konkurencja a ochrona autorskich dóbr intelektualnych w Unii Europejskiej. Wybrane zagadnienia na tle orzecznictwa Trybunału Sprawiedliwości (strona 146)
  • Agnieszka Łąpieś-Rosińska Dochodzenie roszczeń związanych ze szkodą wyrządzoną wadliwą decyzją administracyjną (strona 163)
  • Agata Kleczkowska The scope of the prohibition of the use of chemical weapons in international public law (strona 180)
  • Monika Osmańska Wykorzystywanie utworów w dydaktyce w świetle ochrony autorskoprawnej. Dozwolony użytek i otwarte zasoby edukacyjne (strona 190)
  • Marek Michał Wikiński, Natalia Niedzińska Pojęcie bezczynności organu a przewlekłości organu – analiza prawna (strona 224)

Spis Treści

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 3-4
DOI Address: -
PDF: tpn/7/TPN20142toc.pdf

Wolność do religii czy wolność od religii

Author: Witold Wołodkiewicz
Institution: Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 5-13
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.01
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014201.pdf

The paper discusses the attitude of the Roman Empire towards Christianity during the period of Principate and Dominate, as a side theme to the debate on religious liberty launched at the time of the Vatican Council II. It analyzes the approach of emperors to religious views in the Theodosian and Justinianic Codes. It also touches upon the relations between the State and the Church in the present situation of the III Polish Republic.

Religious liberty Roman law Caesaropapism

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Wszczęcie procesu cywilnego przez prokuratora (kilka uwag de lege ferenda i de lege lata)

Author: Agnieszka Góra-Błaszczykowska
Institution: SWPS
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 14-26
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.02
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014202.pdf

The article discusses a prosecutor’s position in the Polish civil proceedings in relation to the form of its participation in civil cases. Prosecutor’s possibilities to participate in the civil procedure depend on whether or not he brought a court action or he joined proceedings already pending. The article focuses on the problem wheather prosecutor’s right to bring the action before the civil court should be considered as proper solution during the amendment processs of the Polish civil procedure code.

prosecutor civil proceedings claim action prosecutor in civil proceeding participation in civil proceeding civil proceeding’ parties

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Ograniczenie zasady działania sądu z urzędu i jego wpływ na wyrokowanie

Author: Jacek Sobczak
Institution: Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 27-43
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.03
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014203.pdf

The adversarial principle is merely the name of a specific type of organizing process, not a specific Directive of criminal proceedings. The adversarial principle is uniformly recognized as non-codified directive, according to which the criminal process is conducted in the form of equal sides dispute before the impartial court. The adversarial principle in criminal proceedings is something other than adversarial in civil proceedings. The adversarial principle was exposed in the course of work on the revision of the Code of criminal proceedings. The creators of the reform emphasized that Article 167 § 1 of the Code of criminal proceedings differently than it did before, sets out the rules of proof, giving this task in the hands of the parties, leaving only the court admissibility of evidence, and reducing the possibility of taking evidence by the court to exceptional cases justified special circumstances. The creators of the reform emphasized that Article 167 § 1 of the Code of criminal proceedings differently than it did before, sets out the rules of taking of evidence, giving this process to the parties, leaving only the admissibility of evidence to the court, and reducing the possibility of taking evidence by the court to exceptional cases justified by special circumstances. Will be changed the rules for transfer of the court materials from preliminary proceedings. Another important issue is the systematization of the list of evidence, in accordance with the modified Article 333 § 1 of the Code of Criminal Procedure and solutions for planning of court hearings. May cause discussions restriction the possibility of taking the initiative of the evidence by the court. The changes enforce proactive stance of the accused, even though he should be able to take advantage of the „right to silence”. Militate against the principle of adversarial problems brought to light on the background of the appeal proceedings. You can express its concern that the adversarial principle in the present approach will detrimental to the presumption of innocence, leading to a model of „proceedings for the rich”. These changes will force to remodel the psyche of judges who feel guilty persons determining cases of dispute run by the parties, not the players involved who have the task of replacing the prosecutor.

adversarial principle criminal proceedings reform of the criminal process court prosecutor rules of evidence

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Status prawny agencji reklamowej w ustawodawstwie polskim

Author: Katarzyna Chałubińska-Jętkiewicz
Institution: Akademia Obrony Narodowej
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 44-63
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.04
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014204.pdf

The remit of public service broadcasting includes the obligation of universal programming, which covers all kinds of programmes such as culture, news, entertainment and sport. Several European Union documents stress the special role of Public Service Broadcasting (PSB) in society and acknowledge a far-reaching autonomy of Member States to define and finance their national system of public service broadcasting. All European countries have defined remits for their public service broadcasters. The definition of the mission of PSB in Poland is only related to the activity of the public radio and television. Also the way PSB gives account for its programme activities, and the control of the way PSB fulfils its remit. Theme channels are part of the remit of public service broadcasting. These channels are considered as important and almost self-evident activities of PSB. Nevertheless there is a need for such provisions to define the mission of PSB in Poland. This is necessary to further specify the criteria used to determine whether a service of theme channels which are transmitted by the public television is of an economic or a non-economic nature. This is the most important because of the requirements of state financing of public service broadcasters. These transparency requirements are internal accounts corresponding to different activities – public service and non-public service activities must be separated.

public service broadcasting theme channels the mission of PSB The State aid The State financing of public service broadcasters public services non-public service

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Studium przypadku odpowiedzialności z art. 430 k.c. za wypadek w sporcie

Author: Tomasz Strugalski
Institution: Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 64-79
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.05
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014205.pdf

The article contains case study of vicarious liability of the trainer’s employer, for personal injury of the sportsman, occurred during the training. The article contains four never published before judgements – two criminal and two civil – in the case, and the analyze of method used by the Court to apply the law. In this way the article is a step to understanding polish civil law in action.

Vicarious liability personal injury tors sport and physical recreation case study

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Relacje między politykami a biurokratami: W. Wilson, M. Weber, J. Schumpeter

Author: Vytautas Dumbliauskas
Institution: Uniwersytet Michała Römera (Wilno, Litwa)
Author: Adas Jakubauskas
Institution: Uniwersytet Michała Römera (Wilno, Litwa)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 80-99
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.06
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014206.pdf

A. Farazmand identifies three approaches towards relationship between politicians and bureaucrats in contemporary academic discussion. The first approach holds the idea of total control of bureaucracy by elected politicians. The second approach rejects dichotomy of politics-administration, and speaks for the twofold role of bureaucracy, both political and administrative. The third approach treats the high level bureaucrats as possessing certain autonomy vis-ą-vis politicians. The aim of the article is to demonstrate that already the early researchers of relationship between politicians and bureaucrats provided different explanation of their roles. In order to ensure effectiveness of public administration, W. Wilson separated administration and politics. M. Weber showed the dark side of administrative effectiveness – bureaucratization of public life, which can be controlled only by charismatic political leadership. J. Schumpeter pointed to the negative side of competition among such charismatic leaders, that is, decrease of administrative effectiveness. Therefore, he claimed that democratic government has to rely upon professional bureaucracy, which is sufficiently strong and independent.The article proposes a twofold explanation of these divergent approaches. First, it can be explained by variety of parliamentary systems, which is determined by differing executive-legislative linkage. On of the extreme cases of such linkage is premiership of cabinet system, where the executive power dominates vis-ą-vis parliament. Such case could explain the approach (by M. Weber), according to which charismatic political leaders, who proved their capabilities during the party competition, could and should rule the systems of bureaucratic administration. Another extreme case – the French type assembly government – could explain the approach (by J. Schumpeter) that bureaucracy should be strong and independent, which could advice or even prescribe politicians, engaged into competition, which forces to care not about the effectiveness of state administration but the political value of administrative decisions. Second, the explanation of different approaches concerning the role of politicians and bureaucrats may by related to the fact that societies seek to have both politically responsive and professionally responsible bureaucracy. The aim of politically responsive bureaucracy rests on the understanding of the importance of political leadership in liberal democracies and its relationship with the state bureaucracy. This aim is expressed by M. Weber. Another aim comes from the understanding that implementation of public policy, formulated by politicians, depends on the professionalism of bureaucracy and its responsibility. This aim is articulated by J. Schumpeter.

W. Wilson M. Weber J. Schumpeter politicians bureaucracy relationship between politicians and bureaucrats

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Główne idee narodnictwa i anarchizmu rosyjskiego w kontekście przekształceń oficjalnej ideologii carskiej doby pomikołajowskiej

Author: Bartosz Hordecki
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 100-126
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.07
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014207.pdf

The main aim of the text is to characterize in general terms thought of the 19th century Russian narodniks and anarchists. Their concepts are presented as an important ideological propositions, included into broad system of Russian political and legal opinions. These were the answer for the decomposition of the official tsarist ideology. One of the signs of this process was the sharp discussion among the ideologues of the Romanov’s court about the hierarchy of elements in the famous slogan “Православие, Самодержавие, Народность” (“Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationality”).

the narodniks Russian anarchism Russian socio-political thought in 19th century the official tsarist ideology “Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationality”

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Regionalizacja w Europie. Idea, granice normatywne i ich realizacja

Author: Maria Gołda-Sobczak
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 127-145
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.08
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014208.pdf

The notion of region is particularly vague, as this issue is referred to by studies from various disciplines. It has long been one of the subjects of interest of the Council of Europe which perceives local and regional administration as one of the fundamental ingredients of modern European democracy. The European Charter of Local Self- -Government is the main document that regulates these matters in the Council of Europe law system. It is accompanied by a number of other documents, including The European Charter of Regional Self-Government. The article provides an analysis of these normative deeds within the realm of Union law. When the Single European Act entered into force, regions have become an important part of Union policy. Committee of the Regions set up in 1994, whose operation is related to the principle of subsidiarity and programming of the idea of the Europe of Regions, is the most important body concerned with regional issues.

European Charter of Regional Self-Government European Charter of Local Self-Government regional co-operation Regionalisation region Council of Europe European Union

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Konkurencja a ochrona autorskich dóbr intelektualnych w Unii Europejskiej Wybrane zagadnienia na tle orzecznictwa Trybunału Sprawiedliwości

Author: Inga Oleksiuk
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Finansów i Zarządzania w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 146-162
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.09
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014209.pdf

The subject of this article is a critical evaluation of application of competition law to the undertakings active on the copyright market. The study focuses on the conduct of the collecting organizations of copyright. Its aim is to present new aspects and methods that need to be considered in analyzing the market position of national collecting organizations. The clarification of the main problem is preceded by examination of the notion of dominant position as defined in Polish antimonopoly law. Next, the article address the implications of cross-border online copyright trade on the evaluation of the market position of national collecting societies. Further considerations argue for an integrative approach that give attention to the dynamic factors of competition and highlights public interest issues.. In this regard the claim is that the development of competition on the copyright market has to sustain the objectives of intellectual property regulations. The author point out that ratio legis of copyright law is anchored in the Constitution, that determine the need for balancing the individual and public interest in respect to the creative activity.

creativity copyright internet Market Position Dominant Position competition

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Dochodzenie roszczeń związanych ze szkodą wyrządzoną wadliwą decyzją administracyjną

Author: Agnieszka Łąpieś-Rosińska
Institution: Wojewódzki Sąd Administracyjny w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 163-179
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.10
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014210.pdf

The issue of pursuance of claims connected with damage inflicted by defective administrative decision was regulated by section 160 of the Administrative Procedure Code (APC) until 1 September 2004. The section was the basis for pursuance of claim in connection with ascertaining invalidity of administrative decision or a decision issued with breach of the law. However, since 1 September 2004, i.e. after the amendment of the Civil Procedure Code(CPC) came into force, the basis for liability for damage caused by final administrative decision issued before 1 September 2004 – even if its invalidity or issuing with breach of law were established after that date – constitutes section 160 of the APC - but only in the aspect of determining the wrongful act or premisses of responsibility (clauses 1–3) and also prescription of claim (clause 6). It is not applicable to the procedure (mode) of pursuance of claim (clause 4&5). In the present law, regardless of the date of issue of decision, the appropriate and only way of pursuance of claim is a lawsuit in court. This means that the administrative mode has been excluded, regardless of the basis of responsibility arising from section 160 of the APC or section 417(clause 2) of the CPC. The range of responsibility for defective decision issued before 1 Sept 2004 has also been differentiated, since the party claiming damage can demand compensation for sustained losses and lost benefits on the basis of section 160 of the APC – if the damage was caused between 17 Oct 1997 and 31 Aug 2004. If the damage was caused before 17 Oct 1997, the party can only demand compensation for sustained losses.

financial decisions damage compensation compensation claims process claims expiration

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The scope of the prohibition of the use of chemical weapons in international public law

Author: Agata Kleczkowska
Institution: PAN
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 180-189
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.11
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014211.pdf

The goal of the article is to examine if in international public law there is the prohibition of the use of chemical weapons during internal armed conflicts. The first part of the article deals with the previous regulations on the chemical weapons. Secondly, the Chemical Weapons Convention is discussed in relation to the scope of the prohibition. Then, the UN Security Council Resolution 2118 upon the Syrian conflict should be analyzed. Finally, the scope of the prohibition is related to the terms ‘war’ and ‘armed conflict’. The conclusions drawn from the abovementioned analyses depict that there is the strong need for an extension of the existing prohibition; however, no legal act has established it for now.

chemical weapons armed conflict Chemical Weapons Convention international public law weapons of massive destruction

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Wykorzystywanie utworów w dydaktyce w świetle ochrony autorskoprawnej. Dozwolony użytek i otwarte zasoby edukacyjne

Author: Monika Osmańska
Institution: SPWS w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 190-223
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.12
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014212.pdf

Fair use allows to certain limited uses of copyrighted work without permission from the author or right holder. As a limitation and exception to the exclusive right of the author of a creative work fair use is permitted for educational purposes in the Polish law and is covered by the Polish copyright law articles. In view of high importance of education fair use for educational purposes seems to be wholly justified. The paper presents the issue of possible use of copyrighted works in teaching process which comes from the Polish Act on Copyright and Related Rights. It analyses whether the provisions are adequate in the face of the development of digital and web-based information technology. Some amendments to the Polish copyright law are proposed. Another issue discussed in the paper is whether and to what extend so-called Open Educational Resources (OER – freely accessible, openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning etc.) can present a real alternative to fair use.

copyright law fair use for educational purposes amendment to the Copyright Law the Creative Commons licenses Open Educational Resources (OER)

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Pojęcie bezczynności organu a przewlekłości organu – analiza prawna

Author: Marek Michał Wikiński
Institution: Uniwersytet Technologiczno-Humanistycznego w Radomiu
Author: Natalia Niedzińska
Institution: Członek Okręgowej Izby Radców Prawnych w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 224-236
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.13
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014213.pdf

The aim of the work is to indicate the difference between inactivity and chronicity between administrative proceedings. In the article the authors indicate that it is necessary to distinguish two remedies, which are the complaint about chronic conduct of administrative proceedings and complaint about inactivity of administrative authorities. Spectrum of both complaints is mutually exclusive which in the authors opinion states that the courts are not authorized to assess chronicity of the inactivity complaint.

Inactivity chronicity administrative procedure deliberately failure to meet deadline slowness of authority law in proceedings in administrative courts

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