Adult Educators’ Approaches to the Educational Process and the Expected Results Introspection Reconstructed in the Phenomenographic Research

Author: Marta Dobrzyniak
Institution: University of Life Sciences in Warsaw, Poland
Author: Yuriy Plyska
Institution: University of Life Sciences in Warsaw, Poland
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 149-161
DOI Address:
PDF: tner/202303/tner7311.pdf

The paper’s topic refers to phenomenographic research with the participation of adult educators. The paper reflects educators’ concepts regarding expected learning outcomes or the learning process. These individual concepts were identified based on reconstructions of adult educators’ experiences. The purpose of the paper is to demonstrate the variety of approaches which educators apply in the educational process and the learning outcomes that adult learners are expected to achieve – according to the educators’ assumptions. Reference to selected theoretical models included in the paper allows looking at the theoretical context.


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