Challenges

Compulsory Partnership Activities: the Biggest Challenges for Local Governments in the Local Democracy in France. The Case of the Implementation of the Local Directive on Advertising (RLP)

Author: Fabrice Morin
Institution: University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (France)
Author: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 47-59
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013004
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013004.pdf

The 5th French Republic was established after a period of parliamentary instability of the 4th Republic. It emerged from the concept of Charles de Gaulle, who presented its main ideas in his speech in Bayeux in 1946. As researchers indicate, the Constitution of the 5th Republic of 1958 met a wave of criticism after it came into force. For some it meant the introduction of the authoritarian political system in the state; others saw it as a system that will stabilize the situation in France and will prompt its development. It must also be noted that, although the French constitution has been amended a few times, its structure has never been questioned – even when some politicians changed their political stance and electorate. It is also worth pointing out that the critics of the existing political system focus on the excessive centralization of power in the executive bodies and on the minor role of public opinion in the formation of state ss policy. It should be noted here that until the constitutional reform of 2008, only the executive branch had initiated a referendum.

The Construction of Civil Local Communities – the Challenge of the 21st Century

Author: Agnieszka Lipska–Sondecka
Institution: Koszalin Higher School of Humanities (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 60-69
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013005
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013005.pdf

The modern world is very complex and complicated matter. New communication technologies have changed perception of time and space, the states and their governments are no longer the main actors on a public life stage. Unimaginably rapid progress of science and technology has been the main reason for which more and more people do not understand or have clear difficulties in assimilating and using the achievements of civilization. Economy based on knowledge and development of innovative society forced modern homo sapiens to faster absorption of changes, flexibility in action and much greater mobility than ever before.

PPSY Bydgoszcz Seminar "Local Government: Experiences, Challenges & Models" (May 15, 2018)

The Polish Political Science Yearbook, WSB University in Bydgoszcz and Center for Local Government Studies in Bydgoszcz invite all scholars, researchers and professionals to participate in the PPSY Bydgoszcz International Seminar "Local Government: Experiences, Challenges & Models" which takes place in Bydgoszcz (Poland) on May 8, 2018. The conference supports a special section of the current Volume 47 of 2018 of the journal and its objective is to discuss challenges of security and stability in Central Europe and to present current advancements in regional security studies.

Deadline for application: April 25, 2018, with the Online Form.

Join us on the Facebook: PPSY Bydgoszcz Seminar "Local Government"

Challenges in Teaching Practice at the College of Education based on the Perceptions of Pre-Service Teachers: The Case for Kuwait University

Author: Fahad Alshammari
Author: Waleed Eyadat
Author: Ali Ebrahim
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 250-260
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.20
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170320.pdf

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate challenges in teaching practice from pre-service teachers’ perspectives. To achieve this purpose, a valid and reliable questionnaire with two domains was developed as follows: school and management; and design and implementation of lessons. A random sample of 128 senior students who attended the student training program was chosen as the unit of analysis. Results of the study indicated that challenges related to school and management were high primarily in the following two areas: large number of students in the classroom followed by school principals not interested in accepting pre-service teachers in their schools. With regard to the design and implementation of lessons, challenges were high in the following three areas: teaching competence requirements were not clear during teaching practice followed by the fact that pre-service teachers do not know laws or regulations related to teaching practice and finally inadequacy of the training period related to design and implementation of lessons. Significant differences were not detected based on gender and specialization. Finally, the study provided a number of recommendations for the field of study.

What Renders ENP a Viable Policy Option? Discussing the Logic Behind the ENPs Legitimacy and Dwelling on the ENP’s Sustainability

Author: Konrad Hanuszko
Institution: Warsaw School of Economics
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 40-55
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201603
PDF: rop/2016/rop201603.pdf

The objective of this paper is to discuss the logic behind the ENP and explore whether it makes the ENP a relevant and sustainable policy-framework. The discussion is structured as follows. First, the rationale behind the ENP is discussed. The second part is dedicated to the challenges that the ENP partner-countries face. Then, the threats that the EU faces due to unsolved problems inherent in the ENP states are examined. Finally, ways of improving the ENP are discussed. Conclusions follow.

Multi-competent pupils – a challenge for teachers at the time of global cultural transformation

Author: Agata Popławska
Institution: University of Pedagogy in Bialystok
Author: Tatiana Aniskevich
Institution: Pushkin Brest State University
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 100-115
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IFforE2017.07
PDF: iffe/10/iffe1007.pdf

The purpose of the study was to characterise pupils’ profiles as well as the initiatives undertaken by teachers in order to comply with the dynamically changing world. The first part of the paper presents selected contexts of global cultural transformation. The second part focuses on the characteristics of pupils’ multiple competencies with an aim to identify and reorganize their cognitive axiological, social and emotional competences. The last part points to and analyses developmental potential of pupils’ multiple competences in properly arranged and implemented educational processes. In order to meet the challenges, teachers should make use not only of pupils’ potential, but also of their own resources.

Is the Modernization Process Becoming a Challenge or a Threat to the Security Policy and the Armed Forces?

Author: Jarosław Piątek
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 36-48
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019102
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019102.pdf

In spite of defining the role of various measures of security policy implementation the weight of one has been quite unequivocally assessed for the current policy. The main position for contemporary Poland is to be taken by the armed forces.
Under these conditions, the Polish Army has become a basic element of the defense system of Poland not only in terms of image. It is not surprising then that currently the armed forces have received a wide range of tasks regarding security – both internal and external. President Duda and the government of Law and Justice proudly show the 2 percent of GDP spent on defense and an even higher target, at the latest in 2030. However, this does not create a perspective that would allow “hurray” optimism. The key to describing the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland seems to be their ability to respond to the revolution in the field of military and the ability to modernize.
Despite the plans of the Ministry of National Defense and declarations given in media, this process faces a number of difficulties. Not only do we create “abstract” visions of needs for the current policy, but we also offend our partners and those that are still our allies.
The arms policy, so important from the point of view of this “self-sufficiency”, was brought to the accusations of lobbying, corruption, and fraud; not only do we not pay attention to our own needs, but we also create innovative concepts for the current policy that cause us to wander in dilettantism.
It seems that the shape of the implementation of the modernization of the Armed Forces is affected not only by the current policy. To a large extent, the condition of the Polish arms industry is also a decisive factor in the absorption of modernization.

Edukacja międzykulturowa – kilka lat później. Zmiana uwarunkowań, pytania o kondycję, wyzwania

Author: Tadeusz Lewowicki
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 19-36
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2017.02.01
PDF: em/7/em701.pdf

W roku 2012 ukazał się pierwszy tom czasopisma „Edukacja Międzykulturowa”. Został w nim opublikowany tekst, który był próbą „bilansu otwarcia” zagadnień wielokulturowości oraz edukacji wielo- i międzykulturowej – według spostrzeganego wówczas stanu. Obraz tych zagadnień przedstawiał się jako optymistyczny. Coraz szersza stawała się wiedza o zjawiskach wielokulturowości, w Polsce i w innych państwach dominowały nastroje prointegracyjne, dostrzegano korzyści płynące z integracji europejskiej, kształtowała się świadomość słabości edukacji wielokulturowej i znajomość nowej propozycji – edukacji międzykulturowej. Pomyślny był rozwój pedagogiki międzykulturowej – jako (sub)dyscypliny naukowej, rozwój kadrowy i instytucjonalny. Edukacja międzykulturowa – jako obszar praktyki społecznej – miała liczne udane realizacje w oświacie. Lata następne przyniosły znaczne zmiany nastawienia społecznego wobec wielokulturowości. Spowodowane to zostało m.in. nasileniem się zjawiska terroryzmu, niekontrolowaną falą uchodźców i imigrantów, którzy napłynęli do Europy, a także poczuciem zagrożenia związanym z konfliktem zbrojnym na Ukrainie. Niekorzystne zmiany postaw wobec Innych, Obcych, ujawniły się w zachowaniach polityków, niektórych radykalnych grup, a także w przekazach różnych mediów masowej komunikacji. Wszystko to składa się na odmienne niż kilka lat temu uwarunkowania edukacji międzykulturowej i pedagogiki międzykulturowej. O niektórych obserwowanych skutkach mowa jest w artykule. Sformułowane zostały także pytania o kondycję edukacji i pedagogiki międzykulturowej w dzisiejszych warunkach. W kolejnym fragmencie zaakcentowany jest fakt, że pedagogika międzykulturowa przeżywa czas próby i powinności – mimo wszystko – podjęcia edukacyjnych wyzwań.

Challenges of Students in Online Learning

Author: Elda Tartari
Institution: University “Aleksander Moisiu”
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9090-1133
Author: Ledia Kashahu
Institution: University “Aleksander Moisiu”
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9807-7609
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 229-239
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.13
PDF: kie/134/kie13413.pdf

The COVID-19 pandemic forced the university education system in Albania to operate in distance through information and communication technologies. The purpose of this study is to explore students’ perceptions about accessibility, learner intentions, social and lecturer issues in online learning. In order to achieve the aim of the study, the quantitative method is used. The data are collected online through the completion of a survey which contains closed questions. The sample included in this study are students of bachelor and master degree (N = 236) who belong to the teaching programs from the University of Tirana and “Aleksander Moisiu” University of Durrës. The study points out some challenges faced by students during online learning which are related to online accessibility, lack of motivation of students and the barrier of their involvement in online group work activities. It was also noted that the online environment presents challenges for lecturers, which require a better mastery of digital competence by the academic staff. The findings of this study are designed to help policymakers, education executives and academic staff to have a clearer view and make the necessary interventions to overcome these challenges faced by students during online learning.

Challenges of Nigeria as a Preferable Seat of International Commercial Arbitration

Author: Olufunke Aje-Famuyide
Institution: National Open University of Nigeria
Author: Nimisore Akano
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 11-32
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2021401
PDF: rop/18/rop1801.pdf

Arbitration has over the years gained prominence as a preferred method for dispute resolution especially for cross-border commercial disputes. One of the reasons is that the parties want to resolve their dispute in privacy and obtain an enforceable award as soon as possible. The choice of the arbitral seat during the negotiation of any international commercial arbitration agreement is perhaps one of the most overlooked influential aspects over the course of the arbitral procedures. The importance of a wise choice of an arbitral seat generally has two aspects, one of logistical convenience and the other is of a legal effect. For reason of the crucial legal effects of the place of arbitration, the parties have to be sure that they have chosen the best suitable jurisdiction as the seat of arbitration. The article will further analyse the concept of the seat of arbitration, its role, and importance in international commercial arbitration. It will also examine by reviewing the drawbacks of Nigeria as a preferred seat of international arbitration, particularly on the arbitration legislation and the respective judicial supervision and support in effectively conducting arbitration within the jurisdiction.

Патріотичне виховання як чинник формування національної ідентичності в умовах російської агресії

Author: Leonid Chupriy
Institution: National-Patriotic Education and Leadership, State Institute of Family and Youth Policy
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7221-5703
Author: Oksana Sira
Institution: National-Patriotic Education and Leadership, State Institute of Family and Youth Policy
ORCID: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-1069-2381
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 27-46
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20220302
PDF: ksm/35/ksm3502.pdf

Patriotic Education as a Factorin The Formation of National Identity in the Conditions of Russian Aggression

The article examines the features of patriotic education of Ukrainian youth in the context of the formation of national identity. It is noted that this process was significantly intensified in the context of Russian aggression, when the entire Ukrainian people united into one, defending the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, democratic values, human rights and freedoms. Today, Ukraine is an outpost of European civilization, protecting it from the expansion of the Russian Federation. It is noted that in the context of increasing current threats and challenges, national-patriotic education is an important security factor, as it is aimed at forming the national identity of young people, their willingness to defend their homeland. It is emphasized that patriotism is the basis for the formation of national identity. It is pointed out that, in essence, national identity is a multidimensional concept that can integrate cultural, ethnic, professional, regional, gender, or other types of identities, preserving each of them. It is noted that several identity groups coexist in Ukraine, each of which seeks to become national. The first group includes identities that have a strong national-patriotic character, focused on preserving the identity of Ukrainians, the development of national language, culture, customs and more. The second group is partly pro-European cosmopolitan identities, focused on democratic pan-European values, seeking integration with the European Union. The third group includes pro-Russian identities, which are disappearing in the face of the Russian Federation’s aggression against Ukraine, as Russia has completely discredited itself by destroying peaceful towns and villages, killing civilians. The last, fourth group consists of cosmopolitan identities that perceive themselves as citizens of the vanished USSR and do not accept the values of the three previous groups. It is noted that the idea of polyethnic, social, political harmony on the basis of the generally accepted goal – ensuring the spiritual and material well-being of the citizens of Ukraine should be the basis for the formation of national identity; The idea of patriotism, love for Ukraine as a defining value; national self-esteem and respect for representatives of other nations and national minorities. It is emphasized that in the conditions of Russian aggression there is an active formation of national identity, which is based primarily on supporting the culture and language of the titular Ukrainian ethnic group, education of patriotism and the formation of the Ukrainian political nation.

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