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Chechnya

  • Znaczenie relacji rosyjsko-czeczeńskich dla współczesnego bezpieczeństwa międzynarodowego

    Author: Paweł Bielicki
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5015-6869
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 117-140
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181906
    PDF: npw/19/npw1906.pdf

    The significance of Russian-Chechen relations for contemporary international security

    The main purpose of my work is to present the determinants and dependencies that characterize the Russian-Chechen relations for international political and economic security in the former Soviet Union and the Middle East, especially the Russian Federation.
    At the beginning, I intend to trace the process of the Chechen war and consolidate the power of the current leader of the country, Ramzan Kadyrov with the help of the President Russia, Vladimir Putin. At the same time, I will present the geopolitical significance of Chechnya in the international security system. In the following, I would like to present the implications of Russian-Chechen relations for other countries of the former USSR area- Ukraine, where in all probability Chechen “volunteers” participated in the fighting in Donbas. Finally, an important element of this work will be signaling, that President Kadyrov, despite aware of the Kremlin’s dependence on many matters, especially in economic terms, is starting to pursue an increasingly independent policy, as exemplified by the growing islamization of Chechnya, the participation of Chechen the Syrian conflict, Kadyrov active participation in the persecution of the Russian opposition, and finally the defense by the Chechen policy of the Muslim population of Rohingya in Myanmar against Moscow abstemious position. I would like to present the possible consequences of the above actions for the Russian Federation. It is not a secret that President Putin, despite the declared support for Kadyrov, is increasingly disapproving of some of his actions. In addition, it will be reasonable to present the reception of Kadyrov’s activities in other post-Soviet areas.
    In summary, I intend to answer the question whether major changes in the relations of both countries should be expected – and whether and how any changes will affect the architecture of international security.

  • Relacje czeczeńsko-saudyjskie (sierpień 1999–luty 2007 r.)

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 55-66
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018203
    PDF: so/14/so1403.pdf

    Relations Chechen-Saudi (august 1997–february 2007)

    In the article, the author presented the most important events relations of Chechen-Saudian from the middle of 1999 to February 2007. The author showed how politics looked like for example during presidency of Aslan Maskhadov’s, Ahmat Kadyrov’s.

  • Czeczeńscy przywódcy religijni od XVIII do XIX w.

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 105-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2018206
    PDF: so/14/so1406.pdf

    Chechen religious leaders from the 18th to 19th centuries

    The proposed topic is a focus on political and religious activity by religious leaders in the North Caucasus in the fight against the Russian colonizer. Under their leadership they sought victory over the Russian Empire. The author tried to present the most important and vital moments in the life of Mansur Ushurma, Kazi mullah, Gamzat bek and imam Osman Shamil too.

  • Ataki terrorystyczne w Federacji Rosyjskiej w XXI wieku

    Author: Aleksander Ksawer y Olech
    Institution: Akademia Sztuki Wojennej
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3793-5913
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 109-127
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20192306
    PDF: npw/23/npw2306.pdf

    Terrorist attacks in the Russian Federation

    The high level of terrorist threat to the security of the Russian Federation, which has been persisting for decades, is a process of many aspects. The conducted internal policy, involvement in armed conflicts in Ukraine and in Syria, the unstable situation in the Caucasus and the undertaken international co-operation have a significant impact on the activation of terrorist groups in Russia. Already in 2012, before the series of attacks in the French Republic, the on-going conflict in the North Caucasus was described as the most brutal in Europe. Since 2007, Russia has started to cope with international terrorism. What is even worse, it has undergone evolution, permanently destabilizing the internal security of the state. The recent attacks have been associated with the emergence of extremist groups from the Middle East, such as Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, and their cooperation with rebels from the South and North Caucasus. International terrorist groups began their expansion into the whole territory of the Russian Federation, mobilizing the local government to undertake activities counteracting terrorism. Nowadays, the situation is slowly returning to normal, but new threats are still worth noting. The past experience and new threats of attacks urge us to re-analyse the current situation and define the goals of the anti-terrorist actions of the Russian Federation. This is also important in view of the consequences for other countries which are immediate neighbours of Russia, including possible terrorist consequences for Poland.

  • Próba analizy radykalnych islamistycznych organizacji militarnych: somalijskiej Al-Shabaab i czeczeńskiej Riyad us-Saliheyn

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    E-mail: kamilpietrasik@interia.pl
    Institution: Towarzystwo Azji i Pacyfiku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 46-63
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2019203
    PDF: so/16/so1603.pdf

    An attempt to analyze radical Islamist military organizations: the Somali Al Shabaab and the Chechen Riyad us-Saliheyn

    In this text we presented the functioning and objectives of which are fighting the militants from the Somali terrorist group Al-Shabaab and the Chechen Riyad us-Saliheyn. Of course, keep in mind that these are not groups with global rather local, regional, however destabilize the regions in which they operate and the inhabitants of these places do not feel safe even in extreme cases, life deprived of mainly religious reasons.

  • Azerbejdżańskie wsparcie narodu czeczeńskiego na przykładzie pierwszej i drugiej wojny czeczeńskiej

    Author: Kamil Pietrasik
    E-mail: kamilpietrasik@Interia.pl
    Institution: Towarzystwo Azji I Pacyfiku
    ORCID: https//orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 44-56
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020103
    PDF: so/17/so1703.pdf

    Azerbaijani Support for the Chechen People on the Example of the First and Second Chechen War

    In this article, the autor shows the level of Azerbaijan’s support for Chechnya and Chechens during the first and second Chechen wars. The author analyzed the body of literature and the body of literature sources, which provided the answer that Azerbaijan’s support for Chechnya and Chechens in the 1990’s was very varied and did not last for long.

  • Conciliatory and Conflictual Ethnopolitical Concepts in the Republics of the Russian Federation: Tatarstan and Chechnya

    Published online: 17 December 2021
    Final submission: 9 March 2021
    Printed issue: 2021
    Author: Andrzej Wierzbicki
    E-mail: awierzbicki@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5493-164X
    Author: Sylwia Gorlicka
    E-mail: s.gorlicka@student.uw.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1205-030X
    Source: Show
    Page no: 17
    Pages: 131-147
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202157
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202157.pdf

    Russia is a state with a multi-ethnic federal structure inherited from the USSR. Implementing an ethnic policy that would unite and integrate its citizens is one of its most important goals. Among Russia’s federal subjects are also national republics pursuing their own ethno-political concepts, either conciliatory or conflictual. Tatarstan and Chechnya are examples of such republics. With the use of the comparative method, the article is an attempt at demonstrating many factors that have an impact on the shaping and implementing of the ethnic policy through such criteria as the status of the republics, the concept of the nation, and ethnocentrism, historical memory, the role of Islam and its politicization, and the language policy. The article also outlines their consequences and possible future scenarios.

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