civil law

Promotion of Legal Culture as a Factor of New Stage in Integration. From the Community of Legal Values to the Community of Law

Author: Tadeusz Biernat
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 7-22
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008001
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008001.pdf

The basis of European communities’ integration is diversified. Some of its aspects are particularly emphasized, like the dynamics of economic development, which creates new quality of life for millions of Europeans. Much attention is devoted to the common historical past and the common democratic political values. The attention is focused, to a lesser extent, on what constitutes the real basis of cultural identity for European societies, namely law and the attitude to it. It is law and values attributed to it as well as legal institutions, which have been the strongest links of cultural chain connecting Europeans. Except for a basic issue, that is the Roman law tradition, one can point at a great common achievement with essential practical qualities. Lex mercatoria in the field of commercial law. Traditions of European constitutionalism, including the second, in the terms of the time of creation, modern constitution which was Polish constitution of 1791. Modern civil law becoming widespread due to the French Napoleonic Civil Code, which at the beginning of the 19th century was binding on the eastern European territory within such borders, which are now the European Union’s borders. The exchange of ideas and legal doctrine from the Middle Ages at European Universities. Promoting in these discussions, starting from the 16th century, modern solutions in the area of law, like the postulate of departing from capital punishment and equal rights. A systematic development of subjective rights, human rights, equal rights for women, rights of minorities and rights of the disabled. Introducing these rights to the positive law and ensuring their international and institutional protection.

An Implementation of the Constitutional Right to Review the Case Without Unreasonable Delay in Civil Proceedings

Author: Katarzyna Jurewicz-Bakun
Institution: Lomza State University of Applied Sciences
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8565-9450
Author: Magdalena Taraszkiewicz
Institution: Lomza State University of Applied Sciences
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1297-8279
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 407-425
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.05.27
PDF: ppk/51/ppk5127.pdf

One aspect of the right to court is the right to have a case resolved within a reasonable time in proceedings that do not involve lengthiness. The purpose of the article is to present the problem related to the implementation of the Art. 45 paragraph 1 of the Constitution in civil procedure. The order to examine the case without undue delay is one of the procedural components of the constitutional right to court. The inability of the court to hear the case within a reasonable period of time weakens the efficiency of the courts and undermines trust in the state and its organs that safeguard compliance with the law. Getting a court trial quickly is in the direct interest of not only the parties to the proceedings but also the public interest. It is up to the court to ensure that procedural guarantees of proceedings are effective as quickly as possible and at the same time responding. The judgment of the European Court of Human Rights of May 16, 2019, unequivocally pointed to the violation by Poland of the right to a fair trial related to the length of court proceedings. The amendment to the civil procedure of July 4, 2019 may also not accelerate civil proceedings.

Suwerenność państwa i rządy prawa: kodyfikacja prawa prywatnego w Chinach

Author: Igor Szpotakowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8015-8614
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 158-171
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201808
PDF: siip/17/siip1708.pdf

State sovereignty and the rule of law: the codification of private law in China

The main issue of this article is a comparison of codification of private law in the Republic of China (1912–1949) with the current fifth attempt to codify civil law in the People’s Republic of China, which is planned to be enacted in 2020. The aim of the paper is to prove that in both the most important factors for drafting new laws were not the internal needs of the state, but the necessity to regulate the position of the country on the international arena. The analysis is based on two main concepts: sovereignty and the rule of law, which are crucial for understanding this issue.

Lex Aquilia źródłem współczesnej odpowiedzialności za czyny niedozwolone

Author: Justyna Poliszak
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 197-228
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2018.1.12
PDF: tpn/13/TPN2018112.pdf

The purpose of this article is to indicate that all the fundamental private law institutions regarding liability for delicts, negligence, detriments etc. have its roots in Roman law. Lex Aquilia and its creative interpretation made by classical Roman lawyers can be one of the most valuable examples of this historical process. The following essay emphasizes that the classical Roman jurists have developed such an important legal instruments as: the concept of fault, negligence, due diligence, causation etc. Moreover the article contains source texts with case studies and its explanations based on classical interpretation made by Roman lawyers. In addition, the last part of the lecture indicates the main similarities and differences between ancient and modern private law instruments. The article may be useful for law students and legal practitioners to understand the origin and main idea of modern legal principals and therefore improve their skills.

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