climate change

  • Cooperation between European Cities and Amazonian Indigenous Peoples in the Fight Against Climate Change

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 449-463
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019304
    PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019304.pdf

    This paper concentrates on a particular example of cooperation between European cities and indigenous peoples of the Amazon river basin, namely that of Climate Alliance. The New Urban Agenda adopted at the UN Habitat III conference in October 2016 emphasizes that cities and other human settlements should meet the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities for current and future sustainable and economic inclusive development. Cities should also take measures to address climate change and protect and manage their ecosystems, water resources, the environment and biodiversity. Indigenous peoples, just like cities play a crucial role in the fight against climate change. 80 % of the territories with high biodiversity level are indigenous lands. Their indigenous ecological knowledge may serve as a valuable tool in initiatives aimed at fighting climate change. The aim of the paper is to show whether there are any benefits of such cooperation and what is its significance in the fight against climate change. The main research question is: what are the forms of cooperation between European cities and Amazonian indigenous peoples in the framework of Climate Alliance? In which way can European cities support indigenous peoples in their fight for their rights and consequently for the nature’s preservation? The hypothesis is that European cities may learn from indigenous peoples of the Amazon how to combat climate change.

  • Maritime Biodiversity from the French State’s Perspective

    Author: Joanna Siekiera
    E-mail: joanna.siekiera@uib.no
    Institution: University of Bergen (Norway)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0125-9121
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 199-202
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020213
    PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020213.pdf

    “Together, protecting marine biodiversity: know how to act” was the French governmental conference organized by three ministries in Paris on 12 March 2020. Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, Ministry of Agriculture and Alimentation, and Ministry for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition along with two research think tanks, Ifremer and OFB have organized the “day of biodiversity”. Participants were mostly researchers, governmental and local officials, business leaders, fishermen, representatives of associations and foundations, all from France. Thus, the language of the conference was French. The conference took place in the 13th century Collège of Bernardins, a former Cistercian college of the historic University of Paris. Experts and audience shared reflections and discussions on major research issues on ocean change, as well as the French position towards global maritime policy in order to find proposals for sustainable management and protection of the ocean.

  • The Constitutional Grounds for the Implementation of the “Green Deal” in the Republic of Poland

    Author: Szymon Gajda
    E-mail: szymon.gajda@awf.gda.pl
    Institution: Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3126-0238
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 449-459
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.36
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5836.pdf

    Dynamic changes in the European climate policy are aimed at a drastic reduction of CO2 emissions. The Union’s policy has several social, economic, and political consequences. Therefore, it is subject to assessment from the perspective of the legal order, including the constitutional order of the Member States. Therefore, a question arises as to the compliance of the “Green Deal” policy with the Polish constitution. It can be very troublesome to answer them positively. The EU policy is not only implemented in the interest of the whole world, and its effectiveness is uncertain, if only due to the need for cooperation of the entire international community. An additional challenge may be the quite evident departure from the principle of sustainable development in favor of climate protection. Although the given questions are troublesome, they deserve attention and noticing an apparent collision.

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