cohabitation

  • Consequences of the Electoral System in Polish Municipalities – Pathologies and Abuses

    Author: Justyna Wasil
    Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
    Author: Monika Sidor
    Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
    Author: Katarzyna A. Kuć-Czajkowska
    Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 477-490
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018303
    PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018303.pdf

    Pathologies and abuses accompany elections and are connected with the electoral system both in its narrow and broad sense. Moreover, they stem from a human nature and a degree of democratic principles consolidation. Cohabitation is conditioned by the electoral system and, in the case of the proportional allocation of seats, it arises more often than in the majority system with single member constituencies. The phenomenon itself is not always pathological. However, such an adverse situation develops when it comes to clashes, neither substantive nor creative, between the municipal bodies and, in consequence, the interests of the local community are jeopardised. Elections at the municipal level are also accompanied by other pathologies and abuses including: coercing votes when voting by proxy, adding voters to an electoral roll, bringing residents to a polling place, paying for one’s votes, preying on the naïvety of voters which can take grotesque forms or brutalising an election campaign caused by the mediatisation of local policy. The above-mentioned phenomena were examined and presented in the paper based on the analysis of statistical data, articles from the local press and, most essentially for the discussed subject, a rich material collected thanks to the in-depth interviews conducted by the authors.

  • The shape of the contemporary family in poland and spain

    Author: Katarzyna Juszczyk-Frelkiewicz
    Author: Montserrat Simó-Solsona
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 245-260
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2015.41.3.20
    PDF: tner/201503/tner20150320.pdf

    This article presents the shape of the contemporary family in Poland and Spain which is based on developments that have taken place in these countries in relation to family formation and dissolution through an analysis of indicators such as: marriage, divorce, fertility, births outside marriage during the last three decades. The shape of the contemporary family keeps changing in both these countries, but the speed of changes is different. In Poland, changes in family formation have occurred much more slowly than in Spain, where the family is not only heterosexual marriage, but also homosexual marriage.

  • Przywództwo na poziomie gminnym w Polsce w warunkach koabitacji – oczekiwania versus rzeczywistość

    Author: Monika Sidor
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    Author: Katarzyna Kuć-Czajkowska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    Author: Justyna Wasil
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 20-34
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.66.02
    PDF: apsp/66/apsp6602.pdf

    W artykule podjęto problematykę przywództwa lokalnego w oparciu o badania empiryczne przeprowadzone w latach 2014-2017 wśród wójtów, burmistrzów, prezydentów miast albo ich zastępców, a także radnych, mieszkańców (w tym dziennikarzy, przedsiębiorców, naukowców, przedstawicieli organizacji pozarządowych). W pierwszej części ukazano teoretyczny aspekt przywództwa lokalnego, w drugiej wskazano na uwarunkowania w pełnieniu funkcji wójta (burmistrza, prezydenta miasta), a w trzeciej określono cechy, jakie powinna posiadać osoba pełniąca ten urząd.

  • Znaczenie Rady Gabinetowej w okresie politycznej jedności dwóch podmiotów egzekutywy oraz w warunkach koabitacji

    Author: Łukasz Wielgosz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 200-215
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.69.12
    PDF: apsp/69/apsp6912.pdf

    Przedmiotem artykułu jest jedna z instytucjonalnych form kooperacji dwóch podmiotów dualnej egzekutywy w Polsce, czyli instytucja Rady Gabinetowej. Jak stanowi Konstytucja, tworzy ją Rada Ministrów pod przewodnictwem Prezydenta RP. Ustrojodawca wyposażył tym samym głowę państwa w możliwość zwołania spotkania z rządem, który musi stawić się na zaproszenie Prezydenta. Co prawda temu organowi nie przysługują kompetencje Rady Ministrów, jednak można odnieść wrażenie, że rozmowa głowy państwa z rządem to dobra sposobność do wygaszania wzajemnych sporów oraz okazja do rozmowy dwóch politycznych graczy o przyszłości Polski. Czy to wrażenie ma pokrycie w rzeczywistości? Jak wyglądają obrady, co jest ich tematyką i kto im przewodniczy? Jaki może być realny cel obrad? Jakie funkcje może spełniać Rada Gabinetowa w warunkach koabitacji, a jakie przy politycznej jedności obu podmiotów egzekutywy? Celem artykułu jest przede wszystkim znalezienie odpowiedzi na tak postawione pytania.

  • The End of “Till Death do us Part”? Determinants for Living in a Cohabitation Union in Spain and Poland

    Author: Katarzyna Juszczyk-Frelkiewicz
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Author: Montserrat Simó-Solsona
    Institution: University of Barcelona
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 239-250
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.65.3.19
    PDF: tner/202103/tner6519.pdf

    Living in a cohabitation union is a more and more popular way of life in the contemporary societies. Changes in family behaviour and formation, such as increases in births outside of marriage, age at first marriage, and divorce have occurred in western countries with different paces and intensity as the elements of Second Demographic Transition (SDT). The aim of the article is to investigate the main determinants which influence attitudes towards living in a cohabitation union in two catholic countries: Spain and Poland. Using the European Social Survey conducted in Poland and Spain in two different moments 2006 and 2018, we carried out ordinal regression models in order to confirm which variables affect more the choice of this union. The results showed that educational level, placement on the left-right scale and religion are the prevailing predictors in both countries and both periods of time, but with different intensities, being greater for the Polish case.

  • Preferred Life Model and the Importance of Family Life in the Contemporary Society in Poland, Slovakia and South Korea

    Author: Katarzyna Juszczyk-Frelkiewicz
    Institution: University of Silesia
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 146-158
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.02.09
    PDF: kie/108/kie10809.pdf

    The article presents the sociological aspect of the empirical research carried out among students of Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra in Slovakia, the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies in Seul in South Korea and among students of the University of Silesia in Katowice, concerning their opinion on family life in the contemporary society and their preferred life model. The research was conducted on a research sample of 1341 students. The main research tool used during the research was a questionnaire containing 43 questions. The collected data were statistically analyzed in the program SPSS. The analysis of the conducted research shows a dissonance between the preferred life model and the significance of family life. Generally, most respondents preferred marriage as a type of relationship for the future, while claiming that family life is less and less important.

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