constitutional values

  • Axiology of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2 April 1997

    Author: Grzegorz Kryszeń
    E-mail: kryszen@uwb.edu.pl
    Institution: Białystok University
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 228-246
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2015.06.14
    PDF: ppk/28/ppk2814.pdf

    This work is an attempt to determine the axiological basis for the constitutional system of the Republic of Poland. Summing up the findings concerning the fundamental values of the state political system underlying the solutions of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2 April 1997, we can conclude that it should have the following attributes: to be the common good of all the citizens, a democratic state implementing the idea of the sovereignty of the Nation and civic society, a state that is ruled by law, independent and sovereign, secular, diligent and efficient, implementing the concept of separation of powers. The constitutional values referring to the status of “human and citizen” are: the dignity and freedom of the person, equality and solidarity of all persons, an individual’s personal, social and legal security and the protection of their freedoms and rights. In accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, the axiological foundation of the socio-economic system is social market economy based on three pillars: 1) freedom of economic activity, 2) private ownership, 3) solidarity, dialogue and cooperation of social partners. The list of these values should be complemented with the social values which determined the adoption of the concept of social market economy, social justice and social security of citizens.

  • Cybersecurity as a Premise for Restrictions of the Right to Privacy as a Constitutional Value

    Author: Katarzyna Chałubińska-Jentkiewicz
    E-mail: kasiachalubinska@gmail.com
    Institution: The War Studies University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0188-5704
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 299-318
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.05.21
    PDF: ppk/51/ppk5121.pdf

    In this article the author analyzes various legal aspects necessary for maintaining the rights of citizens to live in a free, safe and democratic state of contemporary digital era. She presents philosophical and legal origins of the rights to privacy and the development of the concept in different countries with a particular emphasis of its place in the digital world of modern democracies. She tries to show the importance of this concept as the premise for national security and compares legal solutions in different countries all over the world. It makes the article important because her interests go into comparing and finding not only the best examples and legal cases but practical knowledge which may be used in academic work and research.

  • Godność człowieka jako wartość chroniona konstytucyjnie

    Author: Klaudia Jastrzębska-Wójcicka
    E-mail: klaudia.jastrzebska@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5203-872X
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 335-345
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.26
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6326.pdf

    Human dignity as a constitutionally protected value

    The Article discusses the issue of granting human dignity the status of the highest value in the Polish Constitution. What is more, it explains the grounds of the regulation of art. 30 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. Additionally, it presents dignity as a foundation of the legal order. Therefore, de facto, every legal norm that functions in our legal system should comply with this regulation. The article calls attention to a danger of potential abuses pointing out some of the practices that can violate the human dignity in the future.

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