decentralization

  • Region europejski jako forma podziału terytorialnego Unii Europejskiej

    Author: Andrzej Bałaban
    E-mail: a.balaban@o2.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Author: Ewa Milczarek
    E-mail: ewa.milczarek@usz.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 145-165
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.04.09
    PDF: ppk/44/ppk4409.pdf

    Dążenia do rozwoju współpracy w ramach Unii Europejskiej z partnerami na poziomie regionalnym wynikają ze znacznego zróżnicowania narodowych systemów prawnych oraz procedur i wynikających stąd istotnych trudności w zakresie przeprowadzania i zarządzania działaniami dotyczącymi współpracy. Impulsem do pogłębienia roli regionu była realizacja programów Funduszy Strukturalnych. Województwa jako regiony kandydują do roli trzeciego uczestnika układu unijnego tworząc nowy trójszczeblowy układ podmiotowy: wspólnota – państwo – region. By wystąpić w tej roli muszą aktywnie działać w celu wzmocnienia swej pozycji na forum europejskim, w szczególności w gremiach kształtujących politykę regionalną. Szansą dla regionów jest w szczególności rozwój polityki regionalnej Unii Europejskiej, której celem jest redukowanie różnic rozwoju lokalnego i likwidacja rejonów biedy i zacofania. Artykuł przedstawia prawne aspekty związane z określeniem „regionu” na gruncie prawa polskiego. Przedstawia również walory polskiego województwa na forum unijnym i możliwe formy oddziaływania na realizowaną politykę unijną.

  • Samorząd w niepodległej Polsce – zarys historii i znaczenie

    Author: Joanna Dzwończyk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 36-50
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm201803
    PDF: ksm/23/ksm201803.pdf

    The text presents an outline of the history of local government development in Poland over the last hundred years, with particular emphasis on the last three decades. Its importance was discussed in the process of decentralization and democratization of the broadly understood political system. It was emphasized that it was this segment that was the first to be subjected to democratic changes and that it is in this area, both objectively and in the opinion of the public, that one can speak about the greatest success in rebuilding the social and political system of Poland. The extremely important role of self-government in the socio-economic development of the state was also pointed out, which is also connected with the fact that in no other country local governments play such a significant role in using EU structural funds. The role of local self-government as a school of democracy was also presented, showing that it is increasingly a kind of a center for the cadres of central power elites. Particular emphasis was placed on the fact that it is at this level that the instruments of direct democracy are used to the greatest extent, which favors democratic education in increasing social subjectivity. . It was also pointed out that after the parliamentary elections in 2015, won by the "Prawica Razem" coalition, the central authorities are taking steps to strengthen their position in relation to the local government.

  • Polska reforma terytorialnego samorządu. Osobisty ślad odciśnięty na niej przez jej trzech współautorów

    Author: Ludwik Habuda
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 133-146
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.47.08
    PDF: apsp/47/apsp4708.pdf

    EXPERT AND BUREAUCRATIC POWER IN SHAPING POLISH SELF-GOVERNMENT SYSTEM. THE CASE OF THREE CO-AUTHORS

    Michał Kulesza, Jerzy Regulski, and Jerzy Stępień are three co-authors of polish self-government reform (1990 – 1998). The author of the article searches their roles as experts as well as politicians in shaping self-government system. Final conclusion is as follows: although they were “scientific owners” of the problem, their important part in resolving it was more political (bureaucratic) than professional. The matter of their professional role was generally out of question. Practically, the most difficult task was not the shape of future self-government system but the implementation of it. Key in resolving this problem was the political position of aforementioned co-authors, their participation in bureaucratic power, and openness for lobbying. It is a meaningful lesson for the future reformers, each and every one of them.

  • Uwarunkowania instytucjonalno-prawne wyborów samorządowych na Ukrainie w 2015 roku

    Author: Liana Hurska-Kowalczyk
    E-mail: gliana@op.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6753-8989
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 40-57
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20192104
    PDF: npw/21/npw2104.pdf

    Institutional and legal conditions of local elections in Ukraine in 2015

    In this article the author analyzes the institutional and legal conditions of local “government” elections in Ukraine in 2015. Special attention is given to the determinants of formal elections to local government bodies. Indicates the specific nature of the local elections in 2015 (up today). The local elections in Ukraine in 2015 were held under the conditions of reforming local self-government. The main goal of the reform is the socalled decentralization. Local government reforms ensure the creation of associations of territorial communities of villages (cities, settlements). For the first time in the elections they took part association of territorial communities. In addition, the Ukrainian authorities have failed to conduct elections on the entire territory of the country. No votes were cast in Autonomous Republic of Crimea, due to the annexation of the peninsula by the Russian Federation in 2014. Elections to local self-government bodies were also not carried out in part of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, due to the ongoing armed conflict in Donbass since 2014.

  • The State and Local Self-Government. Territorial Organization of the State

    Author: Radosław Kamiński
    E-mail: kaminski.radoslaw@interia.pl
    Institution: Instytut Nauk Społeczno-Humanistycznych
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 543-558
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019402
    PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019402.pdf

    Local self-government constitutes a part of executive power in the state, with the state’s law underlying its functioning. Local government remains under the state’s supervision, representing a form of the political system within the decentralized public administration. 2018 marks 20 years of the functioning of local self-government based on a three-tier structure. The aim of the paper is an attempt at finding the answer to the question whether or not the organizational solutions adopted by the legislator and established in practice need to undergo reforms and if so, to what extent? The question thus formulated relates directly to the argument that the organization of local government system is not sound while the criteria assumed in the territorial breakdown of the local government organization do not correspond to the conditions in which those units operate, and therefore what appears necessary is for the system to be reorganized and the number of units at individual tiers to be reduced. The paper presents selected problems of the local administration in the context of a systemic organization and suggest possible (or necessary) changes which, in the author’s view, should become a subject of discussion (and in practice are such) between local selfgovernment and government administration.

  • Prawo miejscowe w polskim i włoskim porządku prawnym – wybrane aspekty

    Author: Maja Kozłowska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Opolski
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 355-366
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2014.05.17
    PDF: iw/05/iw517.pdf

    LOCAL LAW IN POLISH AND ITALIAN LEGAL SYSTEMS - CHOSEN ASPECTS

    The article analyses regional competences in the area of tourism, comparing Polish and Italian legislative systems. Regional legislative competences in Italy are characterized, in particular with reference to the constitutional reform of 2001 and its consequences for the division of competences between State and regional entities. Tourism is presented as one of the exclusive regional competences in Italy. The legislative competences of the Polish self-governmental region are analysed (own and commissioned). The strategy of the regional development is indicated as one of the legislative acts at the regional level that refers to the area of tourism.

  • The historical legal relationship between the establishment of tax and decentralization processes within the first state entities on the territory of Ukraine

    Author: Oleksandr Poliakov
    E-mail: poliakov.ol.petrovich@gmail.com
    Institution: Leading Legal Advisor, LLC Phenomena
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1710-0732
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 107-118
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2021208
    PDF: rop/16/rop1608.pdf

    The scientific article is devoted to the issue of the disclosure of the processes of establishment and development of decentralization and taxation during the times of the Ants State, Kievan Rus and Principality of Galicia-Volhynia, as well as the determination of the relationship between these two processes. Due to the study of the topic of the article through the prism of various historical developments, it is possible to trace the formation and development of the tax institute in the first state institutions on the territory of modern Ukraine, as well as the form of the exercise of the people’s power and its significance in the decision-making of both state-wide decisions and the resolution of issues of local importance. The role and significance of local authorities and issues that could be resolved by the then bodies of the people’s administration are revealed, and at the same time relations between the central authorities and the authorities of territorial communities are covered. Attention is paid to the law enforcement in the development of the people’s administration, taxation and their relationship between the state entities of the investigated historical epochs. Among other things, the article is devoted to establishment of a clear link between the gradual transition of power from the bodies of the people’s rule to the central apparatus in the person of the prince and his surroundings and, as a result, the necessity of permanent resources, at the expense of which it would be possible to keep them. The article analyzes the reasons for the necessity of revenue receipts and the main types of revenue receipts of the time, as well as the bodies on which the duties of tax collection were imposed. Attention is paid to the definition of such tax characteristics as collection bodies, collection form, documentary fixing and further distribution and use of taxes. As a conclusion of the research, the author has formed a table with indication of the basic types of revenue receipts of a given period and level of decentralization in such period, and also has made generalization of the connection of these two processes.

  • Formation of a Favorable Leadership Environment as a Tool of Combining People to Resolve Socially Significant Issues in Representative Authorities

    Author: Victor Veremeichyk
    E-mail: vik-veremeichik@ukr.net
    Institution: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1829-8274
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 148-159
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20210308
    PDF: ksm/31/ksm3108.pdf

    Many years of experience in trying to reform the representative authorities in Ukraine indicate that the lack of change means stagnation and prevents development. Change is an inevitable element of our lives, but it often causes fear in people. The ability to adapt to and enjoy change shapes our health, happiness and personal dignity much more than anything else. Each of us is given two options to choose from, influence others and as a result, manage change or is allow to other impact on us. It is for this reason that representative bodies in Ukraine need to be created conditions for the arrival of representatives of the new, ie professional public, management. It must be based on leadership, because it is not so much about younger people, but about new professionals who are able to adapt to change and function effectively in changing conditions and situations. At the same time, they must have a clear understanding of the axiom that the success of their activities lies in teamwork and continuous self-development and self-improvement. It is obvious that a modern representative of public authorities in general and local governments in particular must be a person who seeks to create a favorable leadership environment in order to unite all communities interested in addressing socially significant issues. And such a representative who understands that he will not succeed if he will thoughtlessly, automatically, copy someone’s style and thoughtlessly imitate anyone. The article analyzes the experience of forming a favorable leadership environment in the stand. The main tools of uniting people for solving socially significant issues in representative authorities are substantiated. The priority directions of formation of a favorable leadership environment in the stand are identified.

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