digitalization

Big Data - A Complex Analysis of Daily Attitudes as a Modern Inevitable Global Danger

Author: Natalia Lewandowska
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2396-3048
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 134-148
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020308
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020308.pdf

In the Fourth Industrial Revolution we already have robots, also there are such technologies as genetic sequencing and editing, artificial intelligence, miniaturized sensors, 3D printing and much more. Digital technologies are constantly being developed with new methods and have been implemented worldwide into various processes and automation systems. The article describes modern digitalization components and analyzes its possible threats. Along with an increase in life comfort, modern civilizations must face with cybercrimes based on data collection, including cyber thefts and hacker attacks. Globalization enables exchanging goods and services between countries of the world. It also gives a tool phishing and illegally access vulnerable information of global enterprises to compete unfairly. Although Big Data can be helpful among organizations, it can also be a mark of the inevitable danger worldwide.

Цифрові технології у підготовці майбутніх педагогів: сучасні виклики дистанційної освіти

Author: Олена Будник
Institution: Прикарпатський національний університет імені Василя Стефаника, Україна
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5764-6748
Author: Інна Ніколаєску
Institution: Черкаський національний університет імені Богдана Хмельницького, Україна
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9928-9291
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 69-78
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ve.2022.02.08
PDF: ve/2/ve208.pdf

Digital Technologies in the Preparation of Future Teachers: Modern Challenges of Distance Education

The article highlights the theoretical and practical aspects of the organization of distance education in Ukraine, which has become especially active in the current conditions of the coronavirus pandemic and the imposed martial law due to large-scale Russian invasion. The research methods that allowed to conduct high-quality scientific research on the research issue in the field of higher education in Ukraine are highlighted. The article analyzes the social challenges, which relate primarily to the preparation of future teachers for the use of digital technologies in teaching. The need for professional training of future teachers is obvious, as graduates in further professional activities must be able to organize and implement the educational process in educational institutions using the potential of information and communication technologies, which is one of the most important professional competencies of modern professionals. The results of an empirical study of the outlined problem, which involved teachers from different regions of Ukraine (some of the respondents were students studying at the university and gaining the profession of teacher) are presented. The survey method revealed the understanding of teachers of educational institutions of different types of existing problems and challenges regarding the use of digital resources and tools in distance learning of students. The sample included different age categories of respondents: Boomer Generation, Generation X and Millennium (Generation Y). It was found that some respondents have difficulties in using didactic knowledge in distance learning (36.4%), creating moral and psychological comfort (36.4%), organizing and stimulating activity (25.5%) and effective online communication (21, 8%). Some digital technologies and tools for distance learning of future teachers and organizational forms of using information and communication technologies (ICT) are outlined.

System Elektronicznych Ksiąg Wieczystych, a cyberataki. Zagrożenia i możliwe skutki

Author: Szymon Stach
Institution: aplikant radcowski przy Okręgowej Izbie Radców Prawnych w Poznaniu, doktorant na Wydziale Prawa SWPS Uniwersytetu Humanistycznospołecznego w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 172-185
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2018.1.10
PDF: tpn/13/TPN2018110.pdf

This article discusses the issue of the significance of property rights in the Polish legal order in the context of the digitization of the main state registers and possible consequences of attacks on them. Technological progress makes it possible to transfer registers from a traditional paper form to a digital form. This process has also been performed in the area of Land and Mortgage Registers. Due to the above, every Internet user, who knows the number of the Land and Mortgage Register, is able to verify its legal status. There are real material values related to the data in the Electronic Land and Mortgage Registers. The above may cause that, like banking systems, also the system of the Electronic Land and Mortgage Registers, may become subject to attacks by cybercriminals. This article considers the possible effects of such actions and possibilities of protecting against them.

Koncesja na rozpowszechnianie telewizyjne w systemie naziemnym cyfrowym w Polsce

Author: Katarzyna Chałubińska-Jentkiewicz
Institution: Akademia Obrony Narodowej
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 150-167
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2015.1.08
PDF: tpn/8/TPN2015108.pdf

Legal issues associated with the implementation of digital terrestrial television is not only important because of the assessment of their effectiveness. It also tips about what future regulators, based on the experience that we gain today analyzing the administrative and legal convergence in connection with the introduction of new technologies. Their importance is crucial to the debate on the concept of public interest and related restrictions, as well as to analyze the role of public administration in its protection. An example characterized by a change in the understanding of the public interest in the regulatory area of audiovisual media is primarily the sphere of market control and rationing. In the light of the development of new technologies and enlarging coverage market forces should be emphasized that for the sake of proportionality, the objectives of public interest and private purposes, and the rights and freedoms need a more flexibility with regard to rules governing conventional audiovisual media services without negation proven and still existing standards.

Digitalization of Public Governance in Conditions of Netocratization of Society: the Legislative Framework of Ukraine

Author: Lina Storozhenko
Institution: State University of Telecommunications
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2766-3712
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 30-37
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/CPLS.2023103
PDF: cpls/5/cpls503.pdf

Today, information and communication technologies are widely used in all spheres of public life; state policy is gradually gaining publicity and social accessibility; it becomes possible for society to actively participate in globalization policies and processes; the digitalization of public services is globalized and covers the whole world, which indicates a netocratic vector of development of modern society. Given the pace of development of globalized e-democracy and the world’s efforts for socio-economic recovery, it is necessary to update the priorities of digital governance in order to increase trust in governments and state institutions, and for this it is necessary to create effective legislation that determines the possibility of forming a perfect governance system and regulatory state policy in the field of e-democracy. The article considers domestic legislative acts designed to regulate and streamline management processes in the conditions of netocracy of society, to ensure their consistency, stability, balance (laws of Ukraine: «On Information », «On Information Protection in Information and Communication Systems», «On the National Informatization Program», «On Electronic Documents and Electronic Document Management», «On Electronic Digital Signature», «On Electronic Trust Services», «On State Registration of Legal Entities, Individuals – Enterprises and Public Formations», «On telecommunications», «On the licensing system in the field of economic activity», «On the Fundamentals of the Development of the Information Society in Ukraine for 2007–2015», «On the Protection of Personal Data», etc.). An analysis of the indicated domestic legislative framework indicates a quantitative growth and improvement of regulatory documents covering the digital spheres of public administration. It has been established that the issue of harmonization of Ukrainian legislation with world legal norms remains important.

Rola cyfryzacji w realizacji zrównoważonego rozwoju w kontekście interesariuszy

Author: Jadwiga Adamczyk
Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2333-5025
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 9-27
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20230401
PDF: ksm/40/ksm4001.pdf

The role of digitalization in implementing sustainable development in the context of stakeholders

Digital transformation through innovative and technological development is important for economic growth and competitiveness. Digitization also influences the development of the information society. As research shows, the subject of interest in modern society is sustainable development. The aim of the article is to identify the role of digitalization in the implementation of sustainable development in the context of stakeholders. The analysis showed that the implementation of sustainable development goals is particularly important for stakeholders who, in the era of digitalization, have much greater access to information. In turn, by disclosing the results of implementing sustainable development goals, companies can build long-term relationships with customers, local communities and other stakeholder groups, creating the basis for the future of business development.

Criminalization of Certain Types of Actions under Martial Law

Author: Ivan Prysiazhniuk
Institution: Kiev University of Intellectual Property and Law of National University “Odessa Law Academy”
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0006-9543-4152
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 177-187
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20230412
PDF: ksm/40/ksm4012.pdf

Martial law is always accompanied by an increased level of tension and threats to national security. In such circumstances, there is a need to respond to specific types of acts that may threaten public safety and national interests. The criminalization of these acts becomes an important tool for preventing and counteracting threats, as well as for establishing responsibility for their commission. In this article, the author analyzed the legal provisions that were adopted as a supplement to the Criminal Code of Ukraine after the start of the full-scale invasion. The author notes that most of the articles in one way or another relate to criminal punishment for acts that occur in the information sphere and are related to the disclosure and dissemination of information, disinformation, unauthorized data transfer, etc. Based on this, the author emphasizes the need to criminalize acts during martial law relating to the digital, information and cyberspace spheres. The criminalization of certain categories of violations during the war is a topical issue, as it is aimed at ensuring the security of the state and preserving its integrity. The legislation should be comprehensively aimed at countering the aggressor and protecting civilians. It is important to note that a large number of innovations in criminalization relate to the information sphere and data transmission. The involvement of information and electronic communication systems in important aspects of modern life, such as healthcare, finance, energy and national security, creates new threats that can have serious consequences for society and the country as a whole. Therefore, in order to ensure stability and protect the rights and interests of citizens and businesses, the need to strengthen criminal liability for violations of information and cybersecurity is justified, among other things. The purpose of the article is to analyze certain types of punishments which were categorized as criminal offenses under martial law. In addition, the purpose of the article is to highlight the special role of criminal acts in the digital and information sphere and to justify the need for their criminalization.

Social Credit System: A Discussion about the Utility of Chinese Digital Project in a European Union Settings

Author: Maciej Walkowski
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4293-1084
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Page no: 21
Pages: 151-171
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202395
PDF: ppsy/52/ppsy202395.pdf

The Social Credit System (SCS, 社会信用体系, shèhuì xìnyòng tĭxì), is an extremely interesting, ultimately nationwide pilot project, consisting of establishing the system of social rating, which, based on data collected over decades and stored both analog and with the use of state-of-the-art technologies will create profiles of citizens and businesses in the People’s Republic of China. The system focuses on four main spheres – national enterprises and economy, society, the judiciary, and public administration. It is in them that a higher level of social trust and security will be ensured, law regulations better observed, corruption eliminated, and proper transparency guaranteed. In analyzing the issue of the Western world’s attitude to the mechanism of digital surveillance and control of business and social activity in China, I should seek answers to the following questions, intriguing from the cognitive and practical perspective: Which of the above interpretations seems to be closer to the truth?; can the SCS have, at least partially, a universal character in the European Union, especially in the societies with a different system of values and the countries with a different political system than the one of the PRC?

Identity – Africa – Biometrics

Author: Marcin Seńko
Institution: Independent researcher (Poland)
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 15-30
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ajepss.2023.2.02
PDF: ajepss/2-2/ajepss2023202.pdf

There is currently a digital revolution ongoing across the globe that cannot be missed. It appears that it is bringing the newest solutions and answers to all latest requirements and expectations that seemed to be out of the reach for many decades. However, it is not only technology that is needed these days, but also societies are seeking credible tools and acceptable option implemented in order to provide an individual a state approved identity with access to legitimate services. Although each of us is subjected to rights and duties based on identity given from the very beginning of our lives, some may not have a chance to present a proof of this identity due to geographic, cultural or social issues. Various organizations both commercial and international, including state ones and NGOs, are concerned of a significant high rate of loss of opportunities by some due to lack of basic identification document, whether it is an old fashioned one or a digital ID. This paper brings some current activities and events for discussion in regards to response to deficiency in terms of equipping citizens of African countries with the latest type of identification document, which contains of access to multiple services. Moreover, while reading the study, it may be noticed the level of devotion and engagement by actors, which includes seeking and employing the best know-how practice and digital biometric traits. Thanks to such approach, some African countries may be already ahead of so-called “western developed economies”. However, digital biometrization of individuals could be a response to modern challenges on one side, and to crisis management and natural disasters on the other. The paper briefly describes the problem of identification with use of digital biometric features in Africa, and it rather invites others to carry out an independent research, as well encourage to discussion on advantages and disadvantages for using biometrics in the process of identification.

Message to:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart