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African Journal of Economics, Politics and Social Studies

African Journal of Economics, Politics and Social Studies

Copernicus Political and Legal Studies

Copernicus Political and Legal Studies

Education

  • The significance of research into the Roma ethnic identity. Proposals for theories, methods, and research organization based on the own scientific experiences

    Author: Łukasz Kwadrans
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6102-2308
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 85-94
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2021.01.03
    PDF: em/14/em1403.pdf

    The article is aimed at drawing attention to the research motifs explored by the author in his studies and, first of all, at raising questions about the sense of research into the Romani identity. An attempt is made here both to suggest some theories and methods which can be useful in identity studies and to signal the difficulties in carrying such research out. The major subject matter of the suggested research projects should address the problems of the Romani identity and culture, this ethnic group’s participation in education, and their specific social and professional activity. What seems to be justified (after a reliable diagnosis of the needs, problems, prospects and possible solutions) is the unceasing need for designing programmes, projects and local policies which address the Roma and which come into being with their participation. However, the activities conducted so far should be subjected to an in-depth analysis and evaluation, also in regard to the specificity of Roma communities from various groups and countries. This might help to indicate the elements of their identity, as well as the level of joint participation in the context of the still incomplete integration with culturally dominating majorities.

  • Education of the Roma in the late Ottoman period

    Author: Emine Dingeç
    Institution: Dumlupinar University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9455-7824
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 95-108
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2021.01.04
    PDF: em/14/em1404.pdf

    At the end of the 19th century, activities were initiated in the Ottoman State to increase the knowledge of the Muslims and Ehl-i Perde (those with a Muslim name but who do not fulfill the requirements of Islam) Kıptis (Roma) in various fields, particularly in religion. Imams were appointed to their settlement areas. Schools were opened. In the meantime, they were also recruited into the army where they received education/training in many aspects. The aim of this article is to examine the adaptation of the Roma into the Muslim society during the discussed period.

  • Zmiany w jakości kształcenia akademickiego w dobie pandemii COVID-19

    Author: Gabriela Czapiewska
    E-mail: gabriela.czapiewska@apsl.edu.pl
    Institution: Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5638-9831
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 50-63
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.03
    PDF: kie/133/kie13303.pdf

    Changes in the quality of academic education in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic

    Through the first period of the coronavirus pandemic, and in the need to teach remotely the education system in Poland underwent the accelerated process of implementation of distance learning solutions. The task that universities set themselves in the era of the prevailing pandemic was to maintain the quality of education at the existing level, while ensuring the safety of students and lecturers. The main aim of the study is to illustrate the changes in the academic education process that occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic. This article highlights the specific features of distance learning, pointing to its positive and negative sides. To achieve the assumed goal, a query of domestic and foreign literature in the field of the presented research issues was used, as well as an analysis of secondary sources of information, mainly reports on remote education research during the pandemic. The analyzes show that the forced transfer of education to virtual platforms brought some benefits, but also resulted in a number of unfavorable changes. The educational experience so far during the pandemic has shown that the transfer of this form of verification of learning outcomes to cyberspace posed serious problems - not so much for students, but for teachers. Remote education offers hope for matching teaching techniques to the needs of students, as well as for forcing lecturers to improve the quality of their classes, also in terms of content. Distance learning techniques are therefore becoming an integral part of the education process. The issues discussed in the article may constitute a starting point for further in-depth research.

  • Od maturzysty do studenta – zdalna edukacja w perspektywie studentów I roku studiów

    Author: Jolanta Konieczny
    E-mail: jolanta.konieczny@polsl.pl
    Institution: Politechnika Śląska
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0495-6141
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 134-147
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.07
    PDF: kie/133/kie13307.pdf

    From high school graduate to student – remote education in the perspective of students of the 1st year of study

    This article presents a theoretical analysis and a report on a segment of research conducted among first-year students. In the research, In the research, I used a free interview, which allowed me to get to know the interpretation and experience related to remote preparation for the matriculation examination and study from the perspective of the research participants. The analysis of the material was qualitative. The main issue of the article focuses on the multidimensionality and complexity of the problems experienced by students preparing for the matura exams in a remote form and how they perceive the first year of studies in such a formula. In the perspective of first-year students, many challenges are faced by teachers and lecturers, who are expected to reorganize their classes and adapt teaching methods to remote classes. Also, students rich in new experiences are not the same people, they have to learn how to function in a group and build relationships again. Research has also shown that the perspective of remote education is different and its negative impact on the school and academic community cannot be clearly defined.

  • Nauczanie metrologii wielkości geometrycznych w czasie pandemii – analiza możliwości i efektów kształcenia

    Author: Maciej Kaźmierczak
    E-mail: maciej.kazmierczak@polsl.pl
    Institution: Politechnika Śląska
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4382-1602
    Author: Arkadiusz Kolka
    E-mail: arkadiusz.kolka@polsl.pl
    Institution: Politechnika Śląska
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5713-4670
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 184-198
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.10
    PDF: kie/133/kie13310.pdf

    Teaching the metrology of geometric quantities during a pandemic – analysis of learning possibilities and effects

    The article presents the issues related to the learning of technical subjects within distance learning. The author started by outlining the scope of regulations in force at technical universities and introduced by the Rector for the duration of the pandemic. Their aim was to standardize the methods of education as well as the rules of organizing credits and examinations remotely. Examples of learning outcomes necessary to be achieved by students as a result of completing the metrology course are also presented. They were divided into three groups: knowledge, skills and competences, emphasizing unequivocally the effects that in the case of only the remote form of education may be difficult to achieve by the participants of the above-mentioned course. Then, the applied forms of teaching metrology were presented, emphasizing their usefulness and paying attention to the risks in the context of the content transmitted in a remote form. The last part of the article contains a summary of the results obtained by students of two different faculties in the last five years. The analyzed period of time covered the four years before the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, and the last year where education and credits were conducted remotely.

  • Edukacja rachunkowości w czasach pandemii – wirtualny wymiar dydaktyki i wnioski na przyszłość

    Author: Justyna Kłobukowska
    E-mail: j.klobukowska@prokonto.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4963-4237
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 199-210
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.11
    PDF: kie/133/kie13311.pdf

    Accounting Education in times of the COVID-19 pandemic – virtual teaching and implications for the future

    The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly accelerated the transformation of education from a traditional to a virtual model. The aim of this study is to present the most important didactic challenges faced by accounting lecturers during the pandemic. On their basis, the problem of teaching methods and the substantive scope in accounting education in the future was analyzed. The basic research methods used are literature studies, as well as formulating conclusions on the basis of the deduction and synthesis methods. The first pandemic experiences in accounting education were intensive work on rethinking and redesigning the in many cases exclusively traditional blackboard education for the use of e-learning. The rebuilding and updating of teaching materials, combined with technical problems, was very time consuming. In accounting education, new methods such as flipped learning, microlearning, crowdlearning have been introduced. In addition to discussing modern methods of education, the article highlights the need to supplement or extend the substantive scope with issues related to online accounting services and cybersecurity in accounting offices. An additional challenge is to ensure an adequate level of education in the times of growing challenges related to reporting sustainable development by economic entities.

  • Wybrane aspekty edukacji formalnej i pozaformalnej w kształtowaniu świadomości społeczeństwa w zakresie bezpieczeństwa

    Author: Izabella Grabowska-Lepczak
    Institution: Szkoła Główna Służby Pożarniczej
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4695-3993
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 91-107
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20213105
    PDF: npw/31/npw3105.pdf

    Selected aspects of formal and non-formal education in shaping society’s awareness of security

    Based on theoretical considerations and analyzing practical activities implemented in the area of shaping public awareness of security, the article attempts to characterize educational entities, non-governmental organizations and uniformed services that have the most significant impact on the issues discussed. The aim of the article is to present the process of transferring knowledge, shaping skills and competences in the area of security through institutional education and the activity of all entities operating in the process of shaping human security. The article presents a modern and comprehensive approach to the implementation of tasks in the field of education for security, the essence of cooperation between formal and non-formal education and its role in shaping the public awareness of security, taking into account its interdisciplinarity. It was pointed out that the condition for building a strong state security system is the education of an aware society, prepared to react to events with the features of a crisis.

  • Changing the Manner of Teaching Mathematics in the Pandemic Era as a Chance to Reduce School Failures

    Author: Piotr Remża
    E-mail: p.remza@uwb.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Białystok
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2755-4121
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 258-275
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.15
    PDF: kie/134/kie13415.pdf

    This text contributes to the debate on the change in the way of teaching mathematics as it responds to the shifts caused by the transition to distance learning during the pandemic. The author analyses the conclusions of contemporary publications and international research alongside teaching experiences related to various aspects of the functioning of mathematics teachers, the efficacy and quality of their work as well as the issue of their education and improvement. In the course of literature research, probing questions on the pandemic-era school failures occurring in mathematics have clearly highlighted inequalities in the education system. The author analyses the application of ICT in distance learning, which has significantly stimulated processes and phenomena linked to the functioning of an individual in schooling. The time of the pandemic has exposed the shortcomings of the Polish education system and necessitated reflection on the future of Polish schooling. When the magnitude of failures in mathematics does not decrease but remains constant, it is imperative that the reason why it is the leading subject of school failures is determined. Therefore, it is important to establish the new role of the mathematics teacher in the process of changes prompted by distance learning.

  • On Giving Meaning to Family Life: An Educational Essay

    Author: Katarzyna Segiet
    E-mail: ksegiet@amu.edu.pl
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3044-1814
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-24
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.01
    PDF: kie/132/kie13201.pdf

    The author addresses cognitively important issues concerning values and activities conducive to their development in the family, which is the basic factor in shaping the personality of a child. We are living in the times of globalization, when the importance of family and values passed on by it are being underestimated in various ways. Globalization has caused an enormous confusion of values. The old, traditional values are often outdated, while the new, incomprehensible ones, interfere with the process of upbringing. Additionally, relativism dominating the society has become the basis for blurring the boundaries between what is moral and what is immoral. The aim of this article is to draw attention to the special role of values in the process of upbringing and to stimulate actions supporting the family through education and prevention. The above considerations lead to the conclusion that the family is an important value in the life of a child. It constitutes their most important environment for development and upbringing. Nevertheless, it requires help and support from the state. But above all, we cannot just be passive witnesses of our children’s development these days.

  • Shaping an Identity as the Main Developmental Task of Youth in the Contemporary Socio-Cultural Reality

    Author: Paulina Peret-Drążewska
    E-mail: pperet@amu.edu.pl
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9228-4009
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 50-61
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.04
    PDF: kie/132/kie13204.pdf

    The self-creation of modern youth in the world of permanent change is closely related to the existing socio-cultural conditions and the psychosocial condition resulting from the experienced developmental stage. The changeability and relativity of the reality in which young people exist affects the process of searching for their “I”, which becomes more and more undefined, requiring constant updating, and changing. Therefore, it becomes necessary to undertake analyses of identity formation as the main developmental task of the youth period, with particular emphasis on the current socio-cultural reality, which is not insignificant for this process. The article presents the results of scientific research on the subjective aspect of the sense of identity of contemporary high school youth (out of the general population the author selected a population of 439 students of secondary schools, aged 15-19, located in the territory of the Wielkopolskie [Greater Poland] Voivodeship in Poland, random selection) measured by the TST (Twenty Statements Test). The presented results of research on the subjective aspect of the sense of identity of secondary school youth reveal an image of this age group as one that is still searching for its own identity core, and undergoing the process of implementation of developmental tasks belonging to the stage of adolescence. The analyses of the research results show the specificity of the process of shaping identity by young people in modern conditions. This issue is the main goal of the research presented in the article.

  • Selected Aspects of Environmental Literacy Among Pupils with Regard to the Aims of Primary Education

    Author: Miriam Uhrinová
    E-mail: miriam.uhrinova@ku.sk
    Institution: Catholic University in Ružomberok
    Author: Mária Balážová
    E-mail: maria.balazova@ku.sk
    Institution: Catholic University in Ružomberok
    Author: Roman Kroufek
    E-mail: kroufek@gmail.com
    Institution: University of J. E. Purkyně
    Author: Eva Synaková
    E-mail: evcasynakova@gmail.com
    Institution: J. G. Tajovský Elementary School
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 57-70
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.66.4.05
    PDF: tner/202104/tner6605.pdf

    Considering the current conditions in environmental education and training in Europe and the world, it is essential to put emphasis on the increase of the environmental literacy of pupils in the educational environment. The paper presents findings of the conducted research focused on the regional identity in relation to environmental literacy of pupils. The empirical research was of a quantitative-qualitative character. The subject of the research was the level of environmental literacy of pupils of primary education and selected aspects in its development in educational process. The research was conducted in 630 schools from all over Slovakia. In the paper we focus mainly on the findings obtained from questionnaires completed by primary education pupils and from interviews carried out by teachers. The research findings highlight the need of pupils for direct contact with nature with regard to the improvement of their level of environmental literacy.

  • Therapeutic Preferences of Arts Therapists in Educational Environments - A Cross-Sectional Study in the Czech Republic

    Author: Jiří Kantor
    E-mail: jiri.kantor@upol.cz
    Institution: Palacký University
    Author: Miroslav Chráska
    E-mail: miroslav.chraska@upol.cz
    Institution: Palacký University
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 73-84
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.64.2.06
    PDF: tner/202102/tner6406.pdf

    A growing number of arts therapists around the world work in schools, but information on their practices is limited. The aim of this work is to examine the theoretical influences and therapeutic trends prevalent in Czech educational institutions. Data obtained from 142 respondents were collected using the “Practice of Arts Therapies” questionnaire. Based on a statistical analysis of the responses, the results show that therapists prefer predominantly humanistic trends with a wide range of other therapeutic influences based on assimilative integration tendencies. Contrary to the initial assumptions, it was found that there is little difference in the preferences for trends in different work environments. The results can be used for international comparisons of arts therapies in the educational environment, as they seem to be an important area of interdisciplinary practice associated with education.

  • Analysis of Anxiety, Knowledge, and Beliefs Toward E-Learning During Covid-19: The Case of Science Teachers in Aceh, Indonesia

    Author: A. Halim
    E-mail: bdlhalim@yahoo.com
    Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
    Author: Irwandi
    E-mail: irwandi@unsyiah.ac.id
    Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
    Author: Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf
    E-mail: yunisrina.q.yusuf@unsyiah.ac.id
    Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
    Author: M. Yakob
    E-mail: myakob_mhum@unsam.ac.id
    Institution: Universitas Samudra
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-121
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.64.2.09
    PDF: tner/202102/tner6409.pdf

    The aim of this research is to analyze anxiety, knowledge, and belief toward e-learning acceptance, especially by science teachers in high schools in Aceh, Indonesia. About 117 teachers were randomly selected for this study. A questionnaire was used to collect data, and analyzed using the Likert scale. The results indicate that most teachers view the use of e-learning in teaching science to be positive. Despite the fact that only half of them are knowledgeable in the use of media and have concerns about some negative effects of e-learning on students, they still believed in the usefulness of e-learning in science education. Hence, more related research is recommended to further corroborate the findings of this study.

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