employability

Educational mobility as a determinant of students’ personal and professional development

Author: Magdalena Zapotoczna
Institution: University of Zielona Góra
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 85-99
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IFforE2019.05
PDF: iffe/12/iffe1205.pdf

The aim of the article is to analyse the extent to which the participation of students in learning mobility projects on the example of the Erasmus+ programme influences the improvement of their individual skills desired from the perspective of the labour market. The paper features an introduction that outlines the background to educational mobility. Susequently, historical context of learning mobility in Europe and the process of internationalisation of universities are presented as one consequence of the globalising labour market. In the next part of the paper, Erasmus+, i.e. the best-known programme promoting academic mobility in Europe, was presented. The final part contains a review of research on the competences of beneficiaries of learning mobility projects, supported by statistical data, and an att empt to draw a link between participation in student exchange and the chances of finding satisfactory employment after graduation. The basic research methods were literature review and analysis of statistical data, as well as available reports on the relationship between student mobility and competence development. The author refers to the results of studies carried out by the experts of the European Commission entitled Erasmus Impact Study (2014) and research reports of Foundation for the Development of the Education System Is mobility the key to a successful career? Tracer study report on vocational learners with transnational mobility experience (2018), Erasmus… and what next? Tracer study on education and careers of Polish students participating in Erasmus mobility projects (2019). Reports and expert studies on student mobility, such as: Flash Eurobarometer, Eurodata Student Mobility in European Higher Education i Mapping Mobility in European Higher Education constituted sources of statistical data. The analyses show that graduates with foreign mobility experience develop a number of characteristics and skills which increase their employability and career opportunities.

Investment in Career Capital as an Important Factor in the Individual’s Employability Development: Educational Challenges

Author: Lucyna Myszka-Strychalska
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2973-1379
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 60-79
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.04.04
PDF: kie/130/kie13004.pdf

The increasing flexibility and uncertainty of permanent employment as well as the complexity of career paths in the modern labor market makes the ability to acquire, maintain and change employment in the long term critically important. In a situation in which a professional career is perceived as a status owned by an individual, it is worth looking at factors determining employability in the individual and social dimension. All the entity’s activities aimed at investing in shaping their professional future have measurable value for increasing its competitiveness on the labor market, which is not without significance for building career capital. The aim of the article is to present the assumptions of the modern concept of employability and its importance for the individual’s career capital. The article also attempts to analyze the tasks set for education in the area of employability development of young people preparing to take up professional activity.

Graduate Employability Among Low Academic Achievers

Author: Norhayati Mohd Alwi
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Author: Khadijah Mohd Isa
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Author: Nor Hafizah Zainal Abidin
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Author: Salwa Hana Yussof
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Author: Intan Suryani Abu Bakar
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 46-56
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.62.4.04
PDF: tner/202004/tner6204.pdf

This study aims to provide insights on how and why a specialised training programme could help graduates with low performance to compete fairly in the job market. This study used an action research design, where a total of 12 graduates with low academic achievement were trained under a specialised training programme consisting of two phases within the period of ten months. Despite having low academic achievements in terms of Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA), the employability opportunities of those graduates were high as they were equipped with the highly sought after GST knowledge and certification and various important softskills such as time management, communication, analytical skills and leadership. This study demonstrated that engaging graduates in a specially designed program that aimed to enhance their technical knowledge and softskills coupled with some work experience is indeed a value added strategy to enhance graduates employability. This is particularly applicable to those who are low achievers as it provides them with some kind of competitive advantages. The findings suggest that despite having low CGPA, their employability opportunities, particularly in the accounting and commercial industries, were relatively high. This study provides some guidance to policymakers and educators on how universities and industries may collaborate to mitigate unemployment issues among the accounting graduates.

Innovation and Employability of National Youth Service Corps Members for Sustainable Development in South-East, Nigeria

Author: Ifeoma P. Okafor
Institution: University of Ilorin
Author: Fausta Manafa
Institution: National Open University of Nigeria
Author: Atinuke O. Adeniji
Institution: Kwara State Universal Basic Education Board
Author: Issa Nasiru Olokooba
Institution: University of Ilorin
Author: Olumayowa Ayorinde
Institution: University of Ilorin
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 144-155
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.20.61.3.11
PDF: tner/202003/tner6111.pdf

This paper examines the innovation and employability of National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) members for sustainable development in south-east Nigeria. The research design employed for this study was a descriptive survey. The population for this study comprises all NYSC members serving in southeast Nigeria. A purposive sampling technique was used to sample all 2019 Batch “C” who participated in the Post Mobilisation Workshop held on 27t - 29t January 2020. Also, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 400 NYSC members from each state of south-east Nigeria. In all, 2000 NYSC members participated in this study. The questionnaire that was used to collect data in this study was titled “Influence of Innovation on Employability of NYSC Members for Sustainable Development Questionnaire”. Percentages were used in describing the demographic characteristics of the respondents, and mean ratings were used to answer the research questions. The findings revealed that influence of innovation on employability of NYSC members for sustainable development in south-east Nigeria was positive. The main new innovation to enhance employability of NYSC members for sustainable development in south-east Nigeria was agro-allied. The main employability skills of NYSC members for sustainable development in south-east Nigeria were confidence skills. It was concluded that innovation positively influences employability of NYSC members. It was recommended that the NYSC commission should embark on introducing more innovative skills to NYSC members for them to be able to stand on their own after the NYSC programme.

Self-Perceived Employability Scale – Polish Adaptation

Author: Ewa Domagała-Zyśk
Institution: dr hab. prof. KUL, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2227-7102
Author: Piotr Mamcarz
Institution: dr, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6307-6326
Author: Klaudia Martynowska
Institution: dr, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1010-3057
Author: Agnieszka Fudali-Czyż
Institution: Pedagogical University, Cracow, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6769-2975
Author: Andrew Rothwell
Institution: School of Business and Economics, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2740-2598
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 9-22
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2022.70.4.01
PDF: tner/202204/tner7001.pdf

Employability, understood as a set of achievements – skills, knowledge, personal qualities – that make graduates employable and successful in their profession, is more and more often a subject of research, both in the context of improving the educational offer of universities, as well as examining the quality of life and professional satisfaction of graduates. Employability is differentiated from employment – the state of having a job. In today’s unstable job market where temporary contracts and protean-type careers dominate – equipping graduates with the resources to effectively change or modify their career path is crucial. The paper aims to present the psychometric proprieties of a Polish adaptation of the A. Rothwell and Arnold Self-Perceived Employability Scale. The final version consists of 9 items and has good psychometric properties. The study of the perceived employability of students provides important knowledge regarding the graduates’ competencies, and it is an important factor in modifying the educational offer at universities and planning graduates’ satisfying careers in the contemporary unstable job market.

Psychologiczne mechanizmy procesu przejścia z edukacji zawodowej do pracy

Author: Aleksander Hauziński
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 169-188
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.01.10
PDF: kie/94/kie9410.pdf

Psychological Mechanisms Regulating the Process of Passage from Professional Education to Employment

The changes taking place in the modern societies, and in particular the changes on the job market, have resulted in several individual consequences. The particular area of interest is the process of human development, up till now explained with the aid of models based on stages of development. These stages assume that the growth and improvement change in terms of quality and at the same time they marginalize the ideas of repetition, reduction and standstill. The aim of this paper is to discuss the contemporary psychological theories and concepts behind the mechanisms regulating the process of transition from vocational education to work. The paper presents the basic theories of Human Agents by Albert Bandura. In its light the mechanisms of self-efficacy are discussed as the most important regulators of vocational activities. Following that, Human Agents concept continuation by Augustyn Bańka is also cited, in particular, the mechanisms regulating the course of vocational career. Empirical relations between the attitudes of young adults entering job market and their perception of self-efficacy are also presented.

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