environment

The Process of Social Reintegration of Convicts on the Background of World Penitentiary System. The Analytical and Synthetic Outline of the Issue

Author: Kazimierz Pierzchała
Institution: School of National Economy in Kutno (Poland)
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 154-170
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2015012
PDF: ppsy/44/ppsy2015012.pdf

The following text shortly outlines some basics terms and difficulties connected with social rehabilitation term of some people who had a staying in the prison; beginning from the short explanation of the term, through highlighting the characteristic of reintegration process, to main problems which a person has when comes back to the society and also some ways of solving them. 

„Znaczenie” adaptacji zawodowej w rehabilitacji osób z niepełnosprawnościami

Author: Zbigniew Chodkowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 108-125
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2019.01.07
PDF: kie/123/kie12307.pdf

Human adaptation to the environment plays an important role in their careers and substantially affects its professional development. Adaptation consists of many factors that imply positive or negative conditions of a person’s professional work.
The article is a theoretical outline of various possibilities for adapting people in the work environment on the basis of social sciences such as pedagogy, sociology, psychology.
The article is a theoretical outline of various possibilities of adapting a man in the work environment on the basis of social sciences such as pedagogy, sociology, psychology. The development of the topic is the analysis of the usefulness of selected theories of professional adaptation for special pedagogy in the functioning of people with disabilities. Complementing this analysis is pointing to various barriers to adaptation to the working environment of the disabled. Conclusions include, among others, strengthening of professional activation and social activation of people with disabilities.

The Duty to Care for the State of the Environment in Polish Constitutional Regulations

Author: Anna Hadała-Skóra
Institution: University of Rzeszow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6432-5651
Author: Sabina Grabowska
Institution: University of Rzeszow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0530-708X
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 103-121
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201907
PDF: rop/2019/rop201907.pdf

According to the Polish constitutional tradition, regulations concerning the duties of man and citizen can be found in chapter II of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland devoted to the rights and freedoms of the Polish Constitution, specifically in Articles 82-86 inclusive. The Constitution devotes relatively little space to its duties, and the catalog indicated therein is not extensive. The purpose of articulating obligations in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland is primarily to emphasize the most important ones from the point of view of the state, society and individual. In each country, some constitutional obligations are addressed only to citizens, while others are imposed on all who are subject to the authority of a given country. The Constitution of the Republic of Poland also does so. Indicated in art. 86 the obligation to care for the state of the environment and responsibility for its deterioration is in the group of universal obligations in terms of subject, which are imposed on every person who is within the jurisdiction of the Republic of Poland. This study is an analysis of the concept of environment, care for the state of the environment and the provisions of the constitution on this subject.

Rodzinno-środowiskowe uwarunkowania wyników nauki

Author: Elżbieta Hałaburda
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4081-8133
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 110-122
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.01.07
PDF: kie/127/kie12707.pdf

The most important factor conditioning school achievements is the economic and social status of the student’s family of origin. This has been confirmed many times by Polish and international studies, although the socio-economic status was described by various determinants. According to the theory of cultural capital P. Bordieu, the family is that which equips the child with various language and cultural competences that can be developed in the education process at various levels. However, the learning outcomes (in the form of grades and results of exams) are determined not only by family and environmental elements, but also by the organization of the school itself. An important role is also played by the teacher’s person, his methodological and substantive competences, as well as the ability to recognize the student’s potential and his characteristics conditioning the results achieved.

Wpływ chińskiej inicjatywy Pasa i Szlaku na środowisko naturalne

Author: Paula Tomaszewska
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0583-0938
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 9-28
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2022101
PDF: so/21/so2101.pdf

Impact of the “Belt and Road” Initiative on the Natural Environment

The article aims (1) to describe the ambiguities around the definition of BRI; (2) propose a simplified and generalised typology of RDI infrastructure; (3) analyse Chinese documents on “greening” projects under the “Belt and Road” Initiative; (4) describe the initiative’s impact on the environment; (5) describe the role of social and economic factors influencing the environment of RDI and sustainable development policy. The article contributes to the discussion on the environmental impact of the Belt and Road Initiative and further interdisciplinary research – considering the multifaceted nature of this cross-border initiative. It is crucial as the impact of BRI is likely to be felt for generations after it is completed worldwide. The article uses the following research methods: the method of institutional and legal analysis (to present the institutional and legal foundations of the Green Silk Road); the method of collecting and observing facts, as well as the method of synthesis and analysis.

Green Belt Road jako jeden z komponentów chińskiej Inicjatywy Pasa i Szlaku 2.0

Author: Paula Tomaszewska
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0583-0938
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 47-66
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20220303
PDF: ksm/35/ksm3503.pdf

The aim of the article is (1) to describe the evaluation during the RDI initiative; (2) analysis of Chinese documents on “greening” projects under the Belt and Road initiative; (3) describe the impact of the initiative on the environment; (4) describing the role of socio-economic factors influencing the environment of RDI and sustainable development policy; (5) issuing recommendations and recommendations for the PRC. The article may contribute to intensifying the discussion on the environmental impact of the Belt and Road Initiative and to carrying out further interdisciplinary research – taking into account the multifaceted nature of this cross-border initiative. This is crucial as the impact of BRI is likely to be felt for generations after it is completed worldwide.

Per un Rodari “ecologico”

Author: Pino Boero
Institution: già Università degli Studi di Genova, Italia, professor emeritus
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 29-51
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2022.13.1.02
PDF: iw/13_1/iw13102.pdf

About an “Ecological” Rodari

Nelle sue opere Gianni Rodari ha avuto sempre uno sguardo attento all’ambiente e alle parole che lo caratterizzano e in anni in cui ancora dominava una visione sempre bella e positiva della natura ha saputo creare testi capaci di divertire ma anche far riflettere il lettore. Scopo di questo lavoro è dimostrare quanto lo scrittore abbia anticipato temi che oggi appartengono all’emergenza ambientale. Rodari dedica all’ambiente e alla natura poesie, favole e articoli; a livello di metodo la ricerca parte dalla schedatura completa di tutti i testi rodariani presenti su volumi e riviste e si sviluppa sia attraverso la valutazione dei temi più ricorrenti (la scarsa attenzione degli adulti alle esigenze dei bambini, la speculazione edilizia, le stagioni che cambiano, gli animali che non riescono più ad orientarsi nelle città soffocate dall’inquinamento), sia attraverso la valutazione dello stile di Rodari, mai didascalico e sempre teso alla leggerezza del sorriso. I risultati confermano che lo scrittore attraverso la dimensione fantastica riesce a far emergere l’importanza del rispetto dell’ambiente e il ruolo che l’infanzia può avere nello sviluppo di idee positive verso l’ambiente. Le conclusioni ribadiscono l’attualità dei testi di Rodari in ambito ecologico e la loro validità in campo educativo.

Questioni ecologiche nella produzione di Giana Anguissola e Gianni Rodari

Author: Mariarosa Rossitto
Institution: ricercatrice indipendente
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5510-7695
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 139-164
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2022.13.1.06
PDF: iw/13_1/iw13106.pdf

Ecological Issues in Works by Giana Anguissola and Gianni Rodari

The aim of this paper is to examine ecological issues in Italian children’s literature by focusing on the works of two Italian writers who criticize, from different perspectives, the lack of ecological awareness in modern humans. The writers are Giana Anguissola (1906–1966), loved by the young female readership of the day for her vividly ironic style and rounded female characters, and Gianni Rodari (1920–1980), effectively combining realism and fantasy to encourage his readers’ critical thinking. Anguissola’s Le straordinarie vacanze di Violetta (1964) places the protagonists of her prior Milan-set Violetta la timida in the new setting of the Piacenza countryside, where charismatic Don Piero has revived ancient farming practices: the local farmers do not use chemical fertilizers, machines or herbicides, and they transport their produce to the town by carts. Rodari explicitly addresses ecological themes in some of his articles and in two stories: “Il pifferaio e le automobili” (Tante storie per giocare, 1971) and “Il mondo in scatola” (Novelle fatte macchina, 1973). In the former tale, the narrative unfolds in a city completely overrun by cars, and in the latter, a surreal plot revolves around the problem of waste.

Global challenges of education for sustainable development

Author: Jolanta Konieczny
Institution: University of Lower Silesia in Wrocław
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0495-6141
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 167-178
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2022.04.11
PDF: em/19/em1911.pdf

The awareness of the society that it is responsible for what the nature looks like, as well as for developing human relations, results in the popularization of the idea of sustainable development. The aim of thos study is to present an analysis of the literature on the subject focused on the description of the reality and possible directions of changes in education, considering it as global challenges in three aspects of sustainable development: the economic, ecological and social. The greatest challenge today is to create a multidimensional view of a constantly deepening social and environmental crisis. The change that should be made in education should concern the processes that are aimed at combining the three aspects and at balancing their importance. The essence of education for sustainable development was shown in shaping the values, empathy and awareness that are needed to act for society, as well as the environment and the economy on a global scale.

On the Unspoken Effort. Language Status, Language Category, and Language-Driven Effort of Adolescents in a Multilingual Environment

Author: Anna Karolczak
Institution: University of Bialystok, Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9423-8025
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 125-142
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.08
PDF: kie/138/kie13808.pdf

The present exploratory study investigated adolescent experiences (N = 84) at a multilingual London college to provide evidence of the psychological factors underlying language-driven effort. It was assessed in a group of students with either English as First Language (EFL) or English as an Additional Language (EAL) status, speaking English to varying degrees, concerning their personal characteristics and environment. The impact of language status and category on such an effort was explored in volunteers of all year groups, using a new theory- and practice-based Language-driven Effort Questionnaire. Differences in language-driven effort among groups with diverse language statuses occurred. EAL students put in more effort, perceiving their environment as motivating and supportive, which was reciprocal, regardless of proficiency. Also, the language category was important for early EAL learners who struggled and were sometimes lonely. The results showed that the sources of language-driven efforts in multilingual settings are both personal and environmental. The need to analyse the individual situation and use flexible methods in the classroom were signalled for the benefit of all pupils who differ in language attributes.

Prawne ramy ochrony zdrowia i dobrobytu mieszkańców Unii Europejskiej

Author: Magdalena Sitek
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Euroregionalnej im. Alcide De Gasperi w Józefowie (WSGE)
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 131-145
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2016.1.07
PDF: tpn/10/tpn2016107.pdf

Health care is one of the determinants of the entire policy of the European Union. In this regard, the EU has a well-developed legislation and institutions designed to protect the environment. One of the areas of protection of human health is the natural environment. Also in this range, the EU has a fairly well developed system of laws and institutions. The aim of the study is to show the influence of EU policy on health and the environment on the health status of EU’s citizens.

Unveiling environmental governance and political economy dynamics in rural plastic pollution management: a case study of Ogun State, Nigeria

Author: Solaja Mayowa Oludele
Institution: Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
Author: Awobona Samuel
Institution: Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
Author: Osifo Kelly Omosat
Institution: Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 74-113
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2023305
PDF: rop/25/rop2505.pdf

Plastic pollution has emerged as a significant environmental and public health concern globally, with detrimental effects on ecosystems, human health, and socio-economic development. One way to a safer global environment is encouraging rural communities to manage solid waste and reduce plastic pollution. This study aims to explore the environmental governance and political economy of plastic pollution management in rural communities of Ogun State, Nigeria. By examining the interactions between governance structures, political actors, and socio-economic factors, the study seeks to provide insights into the challenges and opportunities associated with plastic waste management in rural areas. The study employs a mixed-methods approach, combining qualitative and quantitative data collection methods, to obtain comprehensive and detailed findings. The results of the study indicate divergent interests among stakeholders regarding the management of plastic pollution and environmental concerns in rural communities of the Ijebu region in Ogun State, Nigeria. The research emphasizes the importance of supporting community-led environmental initiatives that adhere to established environmental guidelines for effective solid waste management, with particular emphasis on plastic waste, in rural areas of Nigeria.

A History and Present Situation of Social Pedagogy

Author: Jolana Hroncová
Institution: Matej Bel University
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 27-34
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.05.5.1.02
PDF: tner/200501/tner502.pdf

The attention of this contribution is paid to the prehistory, history and the present time situation of social pedagogy in our country and abroad. Social pedagogy must now solve numerous problems that have remained unsolved over its more than 150-year-long history. It is about the subject’s elaboration, terminology, clarification of its relation to different sciences, specification of contemporary problems that have priority, and the professiogram of social pedagogues.

Classification of economic-financial instruments for environmental protection in the doctrine of the Republic Of Moldova

Author: Grigore Ardelean
Institution: Academy „Ştefan cel Mare” of the Republic of Moldova
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5203-358X
Author: Ivan Țeruș
Institution: Academy „Ştefan cel Mare” of the Republic of Moldova
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3691-2717
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 41-48
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/PPUSI.2023.04.03
PDF: pomi/11/pomi1103.pdf

The diversity of economic-financial instruments for environmental protection requires that they be systematized according to certain common criteria, whether they belong to the fiscal, commercial or customs field, or whether they are applied by various categories of subjects or are provided for in the content of one and the same legislative act . The present article comes with a distinct systematization, gives a consecutiveness that also ensures an efficiency in interpretation, understanding and application by the responsible environmental authorities, but also by those that carry out the control of economic activity.

Environment’s Impact on The Emergence of Drug Addictions of Children and Youth; Possibilities of Their Prevention

Author: Miriam Maľová
Institution: Matej Bel University
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 63-71
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.07.12.2.06
PDF: tner/200702/tner1206.pdf

The contribution refers to the participation of environment for the emergence of drug addiction of children and youth. It expounds the origins of drug addiction emergence with special respect to environment’s impact. It also presents selected results of the research implemented at elementary schools of the Banska Bystrica district in the Slovak Republic. A part of the research was directed to determine personal experiences with drugs of pupils at the 2nd stage of elementary schools.

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