evidence

Poszlaki i dowód poszlakowy w postępowaniu karnym w Polsce do 1991 roku. Analiza doktryny i orzecznictwa

Author: Jarosław Ślęzak
Institution: Pomorska Szkoła Wyższa
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 337-346
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201720
PDF: cip/15/cip1520.pdf

W tekście dokonano analizy pojęcia, funkcji, klasyfikacji, oceny poszlak oraz ich wykorzystania do budowy dowodu poszlakowego do 1991 roku w Polsce zarówno w doktrynie, jak i orzecznictwie. Zwrócono uwagę na swoisty charakter dowodu poszlakowego i jego zastosowanie do wykrycia sprawców przestępstw przeciwko życiu, zdrowiu i mieniu. Istotne jest wykorzystanie zasad kryminalistyki w sprawach poszlakowych.

Механізм оскарження та способи перевірки висновку експерта в кримінальному провадженні

Author: Василь Петрович Жмудінський [Vasyl Petrovych Zhmudinskyy]
Institution: адвокат, кандидат юридичних наук, магістр права
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1439-128X
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 46-54
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/CPLS.20223.06
PDF: cpls/3/cpls306.pdf

Mechanism of Appeal and Methods of Verification of the Expert Opinion in Criminal Proceedings

The article is devoted to the study mechanisms of appeal and methods of verification of the expert opinion in criminal proceedings. It is proved that the expert opinion, as well as other collected evidence, should be verified for its compliance with the requirements of the legislation and consistency with the case materials, and if violations are detected during its preparation, such an opinion should be subject to appeal. It is indicated that the methods of verifying the expert opinion are defined by articles 332 and 356 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine. However, the peculiarity of carrying out this verification of the expert opinion is that such verification is possible only at the stage of judicial proceedings, while the current Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine does not provide for a mechanism for verifying the expert opinion at the stage of pre-trial investigation. Attention is drawn to the fact that despite the absence of a legally defined mechanism for appealing an expert opinion in accordance with the norms of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine, a party to criminal proceedings is not deprived of the right to appeal against such an opinion in a different order, namely by submitting to the Central Expert Qualification Commission of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine an application for initiating disciplinary proceedings against an expert who violated the current legislation during the relevant expert examination. The grounds for submitting this application for initiation of disciplinary proceedings are: non-compliance of the expert’s specialty with the type of expert examination conducted by it; non-compliance of the content of questions put to the expert’s decision with the requirements of scientific and methodological recommendations; application by an expert of improper methodology of forensic examination; conducting expert research to clarify issues of law. It is argued that if, as a result of a review of the disciplinary responsibility of a forensic expert, it is found that he violates the norms of current law, then such an expert will be held disciplinarily liable, and the expert’s expert opinion drawn up by such an expert will be considered inadmissible evidence.

Відео та фотофіксація адміністративних правопорушень громадянами

Author: Степан Василенко (Stepan Vasylenko)
Institution: аспірант кафедри адміністративного права та адміністративного процесу факультету №3 ІПФПНП ЛьвДУВС; Інспектор роти тактико-оперативного реагування управління патрульної поліції у Львівській області департаменту патрульної поліції
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002- 5529-3694
Author: Степан Гнатюк [Stepan Hnatiuk]
Institution: доцент кафедри адміністративного права та адміністративного процесу, декан факультету №3 ІПФПНП ЛьвДУВС, кандидат юридичних наук
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9203-1511
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 18-26
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/CPLS.20224.02
PDF: cpls/4/cpls402.pdf

Video and Photo Recording of Administrative Offenses by Citizens

The mortgage of effectiveness and prospect of development of democratic transformations to our state is the proper legal adjusting and functioning of institute of participation of public in law-enforcement activity. Bringing in of public to implementation of law-enforcement functions it is an important form of realization of constitutional right citizens on participating in the administrative department of society and state. In this article the affected question that mainly touches the improvement of operationability and objectivity of reacting the National police on offence, and also in future on substantial reduction of offences, perfection of defence of public law and order, realization of preventive activity with bringing in of citizens by means of specially worked out to addition for смартфонів that will have the opportunity to fix offence by means of photo or video and specify the place of potential feasance of offence, and also give to him description and explanation and to hand in an electronic application with electronic digital signature, together with her send fixed and collected information to corresponding organ national police Ukraine for reacting. Study of range of problems. Application of technical devices and technical equipments, that have functions of filming, videotape recording, or facilities of фото- and filming, for jigging of offences were the article of attention of such scientists, as P.P. Artemenko, O.V. Jafarova, T.P. Minka, B.V. Zhukov, et al. However seems expedient to notice that at the same time information from the corresponding range of problems is practically absent and investigated not enough, that in turn predetermines actuality for more deepening research of this select subjects. The purpose of the article is to study and characterize the current legislation of Ukraine regarding video and photo recording of offenses. Providing a proposal on the delegation of preventive police measures to citizens, namely the use of technical devices and technical means that have the functions of filming, video recording, or means of photo and film recording, namely: smartphones, outdoor video surveillance cameras, car video recorders, etc., with the aim of attracting citizens to the protection of law and order and crime prevention. The concepts of law enforcement agency, administrative offense (misdemeanor) and prevention are analyzed. The powers of the National Police in the field of preventive activities are considered and characterized, in particular, the use of technical devices and technical means that have the functions of filming, video recording, or means of photo and film filming, video recording. The analysis of Constitution of Ukraine, laws and scientific publications of represented is conducted in magazines and in a network the internet, with illumination of problem questions, that is related to fixing by means of technical devices and technical equipments, that have functions of filming, videotape recording, or facilities of фото- and filming, videotape recording of offences.

Dowód z „opinii prywatnej” w świetle procedury cywilnej oraz karnej

Author: Dariusz Jagiełło
Institution: Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny SWPS
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 153-164
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2015.2.08
PDF: tpn/9/TPN2015208.pdf

Introduction to the process of evidence obtained by the participants in the proceedings issue is very important. Recognising them as evidence in the process does not raise doubts in principle, but their analysis is very difficult. There are no requirements as to their contents, as well as the author.Therefore, it is important juxtaposition of the two thus obtained evidence on the basis of criminal and civil procedure.

Wartość dowodowa oraz możliwość przesłuchania osób starszych, chorych i zaburzonych psychicznie

Author: Dariusz Jagiełło
Institution: Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 165-174
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.1.10
PDF: tpn/6/TPN2014110.pdf

Examining persons with psychic disturbances is characteristic of particular rules. Different also an attitude should be examining which one should adapt to these specific conditions. Examining should be marked among others cares in the choice of words, with the deliberation, or the lack of the irony. Also showing interest is essential, understandings, and in addition serious treating the interviewed person. Applying no conventional scheme for his accomplishment isn’t possible, whereas this way made statements constitute rightful evidence in a criminal trial.

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