health

  • Development of a Tool for Measuring Adverse Health Effects Due to Digital Textbook Use

    Author: Wonjung Noh
    E-mail: wjnoh@gachon.ac.kr
    Institution: Gachon University College of Nursing
    Author: GyeongAe Seomun
    E-mail: seomun@korea.ac.kr
    Institution: Korea University College of Nursing
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 86-100
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.07
    PDF: tner/201802/tner20180207.pdf

    This study developed a tool for measuring adverse health effects in students who use digital textbooks. The study tool was aimed at 690 sixth-graders who had used digital textbooks for more than a year in schools taking part in the nationwide digital textbook pilot program. We determined the validity and reliability of the tool. The tool for measuring adverse health effects of digital textbooks consisted of a total of 22 items, including 13 on physical symptoms and 10 on psychological symptoms. For the physical symptoms, two factors – whole body/musculoskeletal symptoms and eye symptoms – were extracted. For the psychological symptoms, the two assessed factors included negative and positive psychological symptoms. This tool will not only be helpful in preventing and managing adverse health effects of digital textbook use by identifying various physical and psychological symptoms, but will also be useful as a basis for the expansion of digital textbooks.

  • Local Government Policy in the Field of Education and Health in Poland after 2015

    Author: Paweł Grzywna
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Author: Natalia Stępień-Lampa
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 117-133
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.08
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6308.pdf

    The considerations in the article focus on the role of territorial local government in two important spheres of welfare state – in providing access to education, and health care. The authors characterize the situation in Poland after the parliamentary elections won in 2015 by the Law and Justice (PiS). The first part of the study analyses the reforms undertaken in the education system and their consequences for territorial local government, in particular increasing the compulsory education age as well as changing the school system. The second part contains a description of planned and implemented changes in health care.

  • My Thoughts on Future Political Needs and Difficulties

    Author: Konrad Gizbert-Studnicki
    Institution: University in Ottawa
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 35-53
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201902
    PDF: rop/2019/rop201902.pdf

    When I was a young father, my children believed that my sayings were a true wisdom worthy repetition; today things have changed - it was my turn is to repeat wisdom of my children, believing that they usually are right. A few months ago, my son, Daviken, said that those who were writing frequently cannot easily survive without writing. Daviken was right. I loved to write, especially when something I wrote and which was contrary to what people believe was correct. I believe I inherited the dislike to generally accepted truth from my father, who was described by a Polish weekly that he was “the man who always goes against the general flow”. My father thought that this was an excellent statement of his character. He loved saying: “I am indeed a man who will think and act against prevailing flow, because only shit floats always with main current, and people who try to float in the main flow are those who repeat, without understanding, everything what they had heard”.

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