Creation of new foundations for local government after regaining independence covered in practice only the former Russian partition. In remaining areas of the Reborn Republic of Poland, it was decided to temporarily preserve the administrative structures remaining after the former partitioners, adapting them only to the extent necessary. The first legal actions were the decree of the Head of the Polish State of 27-th November 1918 on the establishment of municipal councils in the area of former Congress Kingdom. There were two levels of self-government – rural communes and municipalities and the poviat. In the Prussian partition there were three levels of self-government – municipal (rural and urban), poviat, and at the highest level, there was a provincial council with an executive body. Structure of self-government in the area of former Austrian partition varied depending on the Crown Country. In Galicia and in Cieszyn Silesia showed many similarities.