human security

  • Right to the City as a New Paradigm within the Concept of Human Security

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    E-mail: aszpak@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 367-381
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2016027
    PDF: ppsy/45/ppsy2016027.pdf

    Cities have been researched mostly in terms of its economic, technological, and social value and significance. Despite some changes in this respect, there is still a need to research cities as a fascinating phenomenon, also in respect of its capabilities to increase human security on a local and global scale. In this context, the article examines the new paradigm of urban development within the human security, namely the right to the city. The author indicates to the growing role of cities for human security and to mutual relations between the right to the city and the concept of human security. The subject matter is indeed as fascinating as fascinating are cities themselves. They are dynamic, energetic, innovative and constantly evolving. The general thesis of the article is that cities adopting the adequate model of urban development such as the one envisioned in the right to the city may and do greatly contribute to human security. 

  • The Growing Role of Cities and Their Networks in the International Relations and International Security

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 54–77
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.52.03
    PDF: apsp/52/apsp5203.pdf

    The author analyses the manifestations of cities’ growing role for ensuring the national/international as well as environmental and human security. Cities of today increasingly participate in international relations – they internalize, implement and enforce international law, sometimes independently of their States’ international legal obligations, for example when they pledge to implement human rights conventions or environmental law obligations that their own States did not pledge to fulfill. In this way they contribute to international peace and security. On the basis of those manifestations, the author attempts to explain the possible position of cities on the international plane and according to international law – whether they should be accorded greater autonomy or international legal personality. The author also indicates that the role of cities in the area of different aspects of security is growing.

  • Patologia władzy a bezpieczeństwo jednostki. Analiza sytuacji w państwach dysfunkcyjnych Afryki Subsaharyjskiej

    Author: Margot Stańczyk-Minkiewicz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7994-8336
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 159-177
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201912
    PDF: cip/17/cip1712.pdf

    Czym jest patologia? Co leży u podstaw jej zaistnienia? Jaką formę przybiera ona w rękach przedstawicieli władzy? I wreszcie jaki ma wpływ na bezpieczeństwo jednostki żyjącej w danym państwie? Zamierzeniem autorki niniejszego artykułu jest ukazanie zależności pomiędzy patologią władzy występującą w państwach dysfunkcyjnych1 a destabilizacją bezpieczeństwa ich obywateli. Obszarem poddanym eksploracji w poniższym tekście jest region Afryki Subsaharyjskiej2, z dwóch zasadniczych powodów. Po pierwsze dlatego, że właśnie tam (według corocznych rankingów Fragile States Index3) znajduje się najwięcej państw dysfunkcyjnych w skali globu, a po drugie dlatego, że z raportów opracowywanych przez różne instytucje rządowe, organizacje międzynarodowe i think tanki wynika, że skala tego problemu w Afryce zdecydowanie przewyższa niekorzystną sytuację w innych regionach świata. Odpowiedzi na zadane pytania autorka formułować będzie w oparciu o analizę literatury dotyczącej problematyki tematu, analizę danych publikowanych w wyżej wspomnianych raportach międzynarodowych, tj. Democracy Index, Freedom in the World Report, Corruption Perception Index, Human Development Index, Global Terrorism Index, i badania własne prowadzone od lat w wielu krajach Afryki Subsaharyjskiej.

  • Worsening Women Trafficking, Multidimensional Poverty and Gender Inequality: The Vulnerabilities, Playouts and Governmental Responses in West Africa

    Author: Tunde Abioro
    E-mail: abiorotunde@gmail.com
    Institution: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife (Nigeria)
    Author: Omolara Akinyemi
    Institution: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife (Nigeria)
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 87-104
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020406
    PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020406.pdf

    Modern governments in modern states in third world countries are overwhelmed with social circumstances that have forced citizens to resort to self-help. Also, prevalent unclear demographic and globalization issues are sometimes neutral lines of justification for either transit or destination posture of the West African states. Concisely, poverty issues have continuously permeated the West Africa region’s fabric, and the challenges seem protracting. It has implications for mobility, (women) trafficking, and human security, among others. The quantitative approach adopted profiled index while evaluating and descriptive methods explained the content. Among other findings, lack of national data and proper immigration service is obvious. Thus, adequate data for national planning is recommended. Further, ongoing regional and national initiatives for possible integration and collaboration to address challenges are advocated.

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