indigenous peoples

  • The Right of Indigenous Peoples to Self-Determination: International Law Perspective

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 178-204
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.59.12
    PDF: apsp/59/apsp5912.pdf

    The author offers an international law perspective on a specific issue of self-determination of indigenous peoples. The article begins with the definition of indigenous peoples, then proceeds to self-determination in general. The last section examines the forms of indigenous selfdetermination and its meaning for indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples have a right to self-determination which allows them for control over their destiny, their livelihoods, their culture and customs. It may be realized, most of all, in the form of autonomy or self-governance. As such, self-determination allows indigenous peoples to participate in decision making in matters that affect their rights.

  • Cooperation between European Cities and Amazonian Indigenous Peoples in the Fight Against Climate Change

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 449-463
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019304
    PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019304.pdf

    This paper concentrates on a particular example of cooperation between European cities and indigenous peoples of the Amazon river basin, namely that of Climate Alliance. The New Urban Agenda adopted at the UN Habitat III conference in October 2016 emphasizes that cities and other human settlements should meet the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities for current and future sustainable and economic inclusive development. Cities should also take measures to address climate change and protect and manage their ecosystems, water resources, the environment and biodiversity. Indigenous peoples, just like cities play a crucial role in the fight against climate change. 80 % of the territories with high biodiversity level are indigenous lands. Their indigenous ecological knowledge may serve as a valuable tool in initiatives aimed at fighting climate change. The aim of the paper is to show whether there are any benefits of such cooperation and what is its significance in the fight against climate change. The main research question is: what are the forms of cooperation between European cities and Amazonian indigenous peoples in the framework of Climate Alliance? In which way can European cities support indigenous peoples in their fight for their rights and consequently for the nature’s preservation? The hypothesis is that European cities may learn from indigenous peoples of the Amazon how to combat climate change.

  • A Comparison of Nisga’a Self-Government and International Standards of Indigenous Self-Determination

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    E-mail: aszpak@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/000-0001-7601-1230
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 77-95
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020305
    PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020305.pdf

    The paper concentrates on the right to self-determination of indigenous peoples on the basis of the Nisga’a Nation. The author analyzes the most important provisions of the Nisga’a Final Agreement, in particular those envisaging self-determination of the Nisga’a Nation. Then the author briefly examines the Nisga’a Constitution which may be regarded as a means to implement the Nisga’a Final Agreement. It shows how the Nisga’a selfgovernance model fits into the provisions on self-determination of indigenous peoples. The thesis of this paper is that the Nisga’a self-governance is consonant with international legal standards expressed in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Nisga’a selfgovernment model is much more than just cultural autonomy: it actually amounts to political autonomy. This subject is worth exploring because it may serve as a pattern to be followed with reference to other indigenous peoples, not only in Canada.

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