international crimes

  • Amnesties: conditio sine qua non for a Lasting Peace Solution or Ticking Time Bomb for Peacebuilding?

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 537-552
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018307.pdf

    The author attempts to define amnesty and describe conditions that must be met for amnesties to be in accordance with international law. This in turn involves an analysis of legality of amnesties. The paper also examines motivation for granting amnesty and desirability as well as the future of granting amnesties. In the end a nuanced approach is adopted highlighting the fact that amnesties are neither conditio sine qua non for a lasting peace solution nor ticking time-bombs for peacebuilding. This reflects the idea of this paper that justice is not an absolute and sometimes it might be necessary to let go and combine judicial and non-judicial mechanisms (including the disclosure of truth and reparations for the victims) in order to achieve sustainable peace.

  • The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and the Problem of Political Will

    Author: Jed Lea-Henry
    Institution: Vignan University (India)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 553-570
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018308.pdf

    The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) was created in the hope of overcoming the barrier that state sovereignty, as a principle, had become to actions of humanitarian intervention. It was imagined that as mass atrocity crimes were coming to the attention of the international community, that, on the whole, they were willing, able and eager to intervene in order to stop the violence in question. Holding them back was sovereignty as both a legal and normative barrier. This was always a bad explanation for the pervasive lack of humanitarian intervention; accordingly R2P, as a bad solution, has failed almost entirely. The problem is, and always has been, that when faced with mass atrocity crimes, the international community is plagued by a near-permanent lack of political will to action.

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