interviews

Artists in the Eyes of Children – Semiotic Analysis of the Meanings about Artists Constructed by Children

Author: Małgorzata Karczmarzyk
Institution: University of Gdańsk
Author: Dominika Szelągowska
Institution: III High School in Gdansk
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 131-141
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.02.08
PDF: kie/120/kie12008.pdf

The problem around which this study was constructed is the contemporary art and a person, who creates this art – an artist, and their authentic perception by the child. A modern vision of the child too often shows the artist in a distorted, incomplete or reduced way. This kind of children knowledge, based on the patterns and stereotypes, reduces the reflectivity of children, unnecessarily distorts their judgment and closes the road ahead to a full and critical participation in the world. The study is based on the analysis of interviews and children’s drawings centered around the perception of the profile of an artist by children. It results from the analysis of the research material gathered during the study that this is a stereotypical vision, and the artist is still associated with a person who remains beyond the reach of “normal” society.
The conducted research shows the diversity of the types of meanings that children aged 5–7 attribute to the term “artist” and “artistry”. The naive ideas on this subject created by children prove to be a collection of beliefs of a partially common and often completely different nature. For a pedagogue, the ultimate purpose of the research is to obtain knowledge which will allow effective changes in education, in this case, in art education. The investigation of meanings which children attribute to concepts concerning the artistic phenomena may allow to create a strategy of transmission of knowledge of art history and to design the creative activities connected with the broadly-understood visual arts.

International Qualitative Research on Teacher Education: Benefits, Challenges, and Future Directions

Author: James Underwood
Institution: University of Northampton
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9351-2408
Author: Marta Kowalczuk-Walędziak
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7531-2947
Author: Joanne Barrow
Institution: University of Northampton
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 156-173
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.02.09
PDF: kie/128/kie12809.pdf

In this article we explore and discuss the benefits of and the challenges that arise when using qualitative methods to conduct research internationally. We firstly discuss the relationship that writers of qualitative studies have with their readers and the implications of this for writing style. This is then followed by an overview of different aspects of data collection design. Within this section we discuss research that we have conducted, as part of a variety of international projects, using two qualitative approaches: systematic documentary research and interview. We then focus on using interview as a research method. This discussion regarding using interviews is divided into two chapters. Firstly, we discuss issues of access and sampling, then the interview itself and the analysis of interview data. The final sections involve a discussion of ways in which validity and reliability can be contextualised within qualitative studies, and also a discussion on generalisability and the possibility of theory generation. We conclude with sections on ethics and possible future directions for international qualitative studies into teacher education.

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