konflikt izraelsko-palestyński

Liberalna czy nieliberalna? Percepcja izraelskiej demokracji przez Unię Europejską

Author: Jakub Katulski
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4787-172X
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 219-235
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.01.11
PDF: kie/135/kie13511.pdf

Liberal or illiberal? Perception of Israeli democracy in the European Union

Liberal democracy perspective dominates the perception of actors and partners in the foreign relations of European Union. This stems from the declared fundamental values of the Union: respect for human dignity and human rights, freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law. This also influences the judgment of Israel, who connected to the EU with cooperation but also criticised for its attitude towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Liberal democracies not only allow their citizens to exercise their right to vote but also guarantee a degree of protection from the state to all political life participants, maintain plurality, respect religious, ethnic and other minorities. Israel presents itself as a liberal democracy, therefore it seems important to verify if this view is shared by the European Union. The Union, member states and politicians in their documents or during the debates judge such aspects of Israeli politics as the occupation of West Bank, Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, settlements in the occupied territories, policies towards minorities, non-government organizations, oftentimes taking a critical stance towards Israeli actions. This may indicate that, despite Israel being a close political and economical partner, it still does not comply with the fundamental values and leaves something to be desired.

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