local government

  • Samorząd lokalny w systemie politycznym Federacji Rosyjskiej

    Author: Jakub Potulski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000–0003–4139–5590
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-33
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20192301
    PDF: npw/23/npw2301.pdf

    Russian system of local government

    Local democracy and local government are popular terms and they are playing as the most important dimensions in the viability of any modern democracy. Alexis Tocqueville, who wrote a major book about democracy, considered local government as the mainstay of local democracy. He also saw local democracy as a school of political education and a safety valve of democracy for the entire nation. Most of the European countries have attempted to incorporate these concepts into their political and development process. In article author analyses the role of local government in Russian political system. Objective of the article is to identify and characterize the main stages of development of local self-government in Russia.

  • Local Self-Government as a Problem of Political Theory

    Author: Łukasz Święcicki
    E-mail: lukasz.swiecicki@uph.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6346-2825
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 531-542
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019401
    PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019401.pdf

    The article aims at restoring local self-government as a research problem of political theory. In contemporary political science literature, local self-government is not treated as one of its normal, standard research problems. The main obstacle of its ambiguous position within political theory is, as I argue, the forced and imposed apolitical character of local self-government considered as a part of public administration. Despite some degree of organizational, especially institutional and legal, self-determination, the local self-government is not a political, i.e. sovereign entity. However, its non-sovereign status, which is legally established, does not exclude the existence of political potency in it.

  • Wrocław Civic Budget. Social Innovation Adapted in Polish Local Government

    Author: Małgorzata Madej
    E-mail: malgorzata.madej@uwr.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Wrocław
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5274-8614
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 583-601
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019405
    PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019405.pdf

    The paper explores Wrocław Civic Budget in the context of procedures and impact. It reviews various data to present different aspects of this process: number of projects submitted and implemented, citizens’ participation in the selection process, geographical distribution of the implemented projects and their contents, showing the significant fall in the citizens’ interest in the process after two years of its implementation. The paper aims to analyze whether the project in its current form actually succeeds in activating the citizens’ and involving them in the local decision-making on one hand, and changing the city on the other. The effectiveness of participatory budgeting in Wrocław is explored, considering such criteria as reliability, impact, activation and innovativeness. The data reveal both the successes and drawbacks of Wrocław Civic Budget, allowing for presentation of recommendations.

  • Performing the Function of a Commune Head (Mayor, City President) by a Person Convicted of Public Prosecution to a Fine

    Author: Sabina Grabowska
    E-mail: s.grabowska@ur.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0530-708X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 183-190
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.14
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5814.pdf

    The subject of the article is an analysis of the possibility of holding the function of a commune head (mayor, city president) in the light of the generally applicable law in Poland by a person convicted of public prosecution with a fine.

  • Selected Pro-Turnout Initiatives of Province Self-Governments on the Example of the Second Round of Presidential Elections in Poland in 2020

    Author: Karol Piękoś
    E-mail: karol.piekos@yahoo.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4545-5909
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 215-223
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.17
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5817.pdf

    The presidential election campaign in Poland in 2020 was unique due to the epidemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. A high level of attendance during the presidential election, influenced by the pro-turnout initiatives, was achieved. The article analyzes selected activities aimed at achieving a high level of attendance, the beneficiaries of which were local governments.

  • Chosen Dysfunctions of Political Practice in Local Government’s Activities

    Author: Marcin Dąbrowski
    E-mail: marcin.dabrowski@uwm.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8780-9715
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 405-416
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.33
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5833.pdf

    The paper presents four problems which constitute the most important problems related to the functioning of local government in Poland. The first issue concerns the unfinished reform of the political system. The author finds that the legislator did not implement fully the assumptions concerning the creation and functioning of local governments which are determined in the provisions of the Polish Constitution of 1997. In consequence, a contemporary political system is full of internal contradictions and does not function properly. Next, it was indicated in the work that the legislator interferes too much in the independence of local government units. Too many acts, which regulate duties and procedures, limit the autonomy of local government bodies which should determine their duties and objectives and allocate financial resources to their implementation. Third, the author finds that the permanent underfinancing of local government units poses a very serious problem. The system of financing is outdated and does not correspond to contemporary needs of local communities, which results in a decrease in investments and development and an increase in debt. Finally, the article discusses the issue of excessive politicization of local governments. The author finds that transferring political disputes from the central level to the local one is very detrimental and has a negative influence on the development and functioning of local governments.

  • COVID-19 and Direct Contact-Free Democracy - Experiences from Poland

    Author: Mariusz Popławski
    E-mail: mpoplawski@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5563-5308
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 603-614
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.49
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5849.pdf

    The purpose of this article is to analyze the behavior of local authorities on the issue of participatory budget in the situation of confronting the COVID-19 pandemic. A new category has been introduced here - direct contact-free democracy, which aims to emphasize the need to avoid personal contact while continuing the performance of mechanisms accompanying democracy. To verify the accepted hypothesis, an existing sources analysis, and a survey, in which more than 40 cities with district rights participated, were conducted.

  • The Political Participation of Radical Parties in a Local Democracy

    Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
    E-mail: kawaj@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4201-8028
    Author: Adam Hołub
    E-mail: adahol@wp.pl
    Institution: Police Academy in Szczytno
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8865-6543
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 643-652
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.53
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5853.pdf

    When criticizing the principles of liberal democracy, radical parties, both leftand right, take advantage of this particular type of democracy by participating in local and nationwide elections. They take part in each subsequent election under their flag or by putting up candidates on the lists of other electoral committees. The major aim of the parties when participating in elections is to promote their political appeal and reaching the biggest number of local communities possible. Under the mechanisms of local democracy, including local government elections, radical parties can join in the decision-making system by investing relatively little resources.

  • Skutki zmian w systemie wyborczym organów jednostek samorządu terytorialnego wynikających z ustawy z 11 stycznia 2018 r.

    Author: Michał Klonowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Author: Maciej Onasz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 147-170
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.69.09
    PDF: apsp/69/apsp6909.pdf

    Artykuł stanowi próbę oceny skutków wprowadzenia zmian w systemie wyborczym organów jednostek samorządu terytorialnego wynikających z ustawy o zmianie niektórych ustaw w celu zwiększenia udziału obywateli w procesie wybierania, funkcjonowania i kontrolowania niektórych organów publicznych przyjętej w 2018 roku. Autorzy weryfikują hipotezy postawione przed zastosowaniem nowego systemu w praktyce, dotyczące wpływu zmian na proporcjonalność wyborów oraz możliwości uzyskania samodzielnej większości przez jedno ugrupowanie w organach stanowiących na poziomie gminy oraz ryzyka całkowitej dominacji jednego podmiotu w tym organie. Ocenie poddano również wpływ ograniczenia możliwości wykorzystywania biernego prawa wyborczego w wyborach do rad przez osoby kandydujące do organu wykonawczego w gminie.

  • Dwukadencyjność wójtów, burmistrzów i prezydentów miast w Polsce w opiniach elektoratów ugrupowań i komitetów wyborczych w wyborach do sejmików województw w 2018 roku

    Author: Dominik Szczepański
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 171-185
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.69.10
    PDF: apsp/69/apsp6910.pdf

    Celem artykułu było przedstawienie zagadnienia związanego z ograniczeniem liczby kadencji włodarzy w Polsce. Analizie poddano dane empiryczne, pochodzące z badań ankietowych, w których zapytano respondentów o to, czy opowiadali się za ograniczeniem możliwości sprawowania funkcji wójta, burmistrza oraz prezydenta miasta do dwóch kadencji. Zmiennymi, które wzięto pod uwagę, były: udział ankietowanych w wyborach samorządowych w 2018 roku, deklarowany udział w wyborach parlamentarnych, deklarowane poglądy, deklarowana religijność oraz wiek respondentów. Badania ankietowe zostały przeprowadzone w okresie od grudnia 2018 r. do lutego 2019 r. w ramach ogólnopolskiego projektu badawczego pt. „Preferencje polityczne. Postawy – identyfikacje – zachowania” realizowanego od 2009 r.

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