modern technologies

Znaczenie ruchu w edukacji matematycznej Ucieleśnione poznanie a kształtowanie się umysłowych reprezentacji liczb u dzieci

Author: Małgorzata Gut
Author: Natalia Witkowska
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 128-149
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kimwe2018111
PDF: kim/2018_1/kim2018112.pdf

The importance of motor activity in mathematics education. Embodied cognition and development of mental representation of numbers in children
This paper presents the review of literature concerning the importance of relationship between motor and cognitive activity in mathematical skills development. Cognitive and motor processing seem not to be related as well as the use of motor activity in the processing of numbers is far from an intuitive approach in mathematical education. A great number of studies show, however, that cognitive processes are embodied and therefore the involvement of movement in tasks requiring the participation of cognitive processes gives extremely positive results. This applies to both mathematics education practice in the case of children with normal development and those with a cognitive deficit in this area, called developmental dyscalculia. It is not surprising, therefore, the growing popularity of modern technologies that involve movement, which are used for cognitive math skills training, such as motion sensors, dance mats or educational games with elements of movement and dance. The beneficial influence of motor activity in mathematical abilities development is related to the spatial organization of representations of numbers arranged on the so-called Mental Number Line. It has been confirmed that such motor training develops and strengthens this spatial-numerical association, which is a predictor of skills of children in arithmetic.

The Role of 5G Technology in Superpower Rivalry between the United States and China: An Offensive Realist Approach

Author: Łukasz Gołota
Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5624-6080
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Page no: 18
Pages: 173-190
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202396
PDF: ppsy/52/ppsy202396.pdf

The article aims to explain the importance of 5G technology in pursuing power and shaping the international competition between two superpowers: the USA and China. Accordingly, the research focus of this article is to explain how and why 5G technology is being used by China and the U.S. as a key instrument in their growing geopolitical rivalry. The study is framed within the theoretical approach of offensive realism. It is based on the primary assumption that superpowers like China and the United States tend to increase their power not only by expanding their armed forces and territorial conquests but also by using every possible opportunity to do so. The article researches two questions. What is the importance of 5G technology in the rivalry between China and the U.S.? How has the development of communication technologies influenced countries and their ability to shape the international environment? 5G technology is considered more than just the next generation of wireless connectivity, as it goes beyond traditional forms of use and addresses a new category of users. It is a structure intended to facilitate a new category of goods and services: smart cities, autonomous vehicles, automated factories, digital services, and robotization of decision-making processes.

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