moralność

Zniewolenie i dług. Studium porównawcze z cywilizacyjnej ciągłości

Author: Mateusz Kufliński
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7395-3513
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 235-253
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202114
PDF: cip/19/cip1914.pdf

Artykuł jest poświęcony zagadnieniu zniewolenia za długi, występującemu w epoce starożytnej i współcześnie. Przyjęte zostało w nim szerokie ujęcie długu, jako instytucji społecznej o wymiarze przede wszystkim moralnym. Dług, poprzez uwikłanie w konstelację moralności objawia się na kilku poziomach rzeczywistości społecznej, dotycząc aspektów finansowych (materialnych), jak i pojęć honoru oraz patriarchatu. Zagadnienie zostało przedstawione głównie na przykładach pochodzących ze starożytnych – Mezopotamii oraz Grecji, a także współczesnych – Tajlandii i Brazylii.

Pouczenia moralne Jana Amosa Komenskiego dla mieszkańców Leszna w dziele Zpráva kratičká o morním nakažení (1632)

Author: Klaudia Koczur-Lejk
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6395-6128
Author: Jordan Siemianowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9276-366X
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 58-81
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso220403
PDF: hso/35/hso3503.pdf
License: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.

The moral teachings of Jan Amos Komenský for the inhabitants of Leszno in the work Zprávakratičká o mornímnakažení (1632)

The article presents the recommendations of Jan Amos Komenský, with special emphasis placed on moral teachings for the residents of Leszno during an epidemic in 1631, included in his work Zprávakratičká o mornímnakažení, published in 1632.

Moralność jako kluczowa operacja systemowa w teorii Niklasa Luhmanna

Author: Joanna Wieczorek-Orlikowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 133-147
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201508
PDF: siip/14/siip1408.pdf

Morality as crucial systemic operation in the theory of Niklas Luhmann

Morality in the systems theory of Niklas Luhmann has a special place as a formula that enables communication, in other words functioning of the mechanism of the self-processing. Over the centuries this role in the system has evolved and today morality faces utterly new challenges. Will she still fulfill her commitments in the face of crisis of current values? Do we need new standards of behaviour in an era of progressive complexity?

Zasady postępowania w praktyce lekarskiej

Author: Dorota Michalska-Sieniawska
Institution: Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny SWPS w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 105-115
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2016.1.05
PDF: tpn/10/tpn2016105.pdf

The incrising demand for regulating social relations which are becoming more complicated is an efect of developing civilization, including in it the level of protection of human rights in XXI century. Standarization is a synonym of the nowadys developing world economy. Apart of the legal rules there are other regulation systems like moral standards, ethical standards, deontological norms or customs. These regulation systems are the complementary systems to the law regulations. Their origin is the natural law. Deontological principles mostly are legally binding like planty of ethical standards in medicine. The reason of the legal power of ethics in medicine is libility for human life. Code of Medical Ethics is also the source of legal norms in medical law. The most important legal norm for medical practice is the doctor’s obligation to treat patients acording to the current medical knowledge. Besides doctors should conduct their practice in a socially acceptable way as working in a profession of public trust.

Procesy adiaforyzacji we współczesnej polskiej polityce w świetle teorii Zygmunta Baumana

Author: Sławomir Czapnik
Institution: Uniwersytet Opolski
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 29-45
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2023.77.02
PDF: apsp/77/apsp7702.pdf

Processes of adiaphorization in contemporary Polish politics in the light of Zygmunt Bauman’s theory

The aim of this article is to outline the processes of adiaphorization (the term which was coined by the Polish-English sociologist Zygmunt Bauman, who was a subtle analyst of the issue of power) in contemporary capitalist Poland after the collapse of the real socialism system. This text consists of three chapters. The author begins by outlining the similarities and differences between adiaphorisation in the two phases of modernity: ‘heavy’ (‘solid’) and ‘liquid’ (‘flexible’); the former was characteristic of the society of producers (workers and soldiers), while the latter was characteristic of the society of consumers. It then moves on to nationalism as a source of adiaphorization, which Bauman himself experienced personally as a leftwinger of Jewish origin. The final section focuses on the establishment of order and its collateral victims, including ‘flawed consumers’.

Herkules jest nieposłuszny! Istota sędziowskiego oporu oczami Ronalda Dworkina

Author: Piotr Wyjadłowski
Institution: Krakowska Akademia im. Andrzeja Frycza Modrzewskiego w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3805-3450
Year of publication: 2024
Source: Show
Pages: 123-136
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2024.01.09
PDF: ppk/77/ppk7709.pdf

Hercules is Disobedient! The Essence of Judicial Resistance through the Eyes of Ronald Dworkin

In global jurisprudence and legal theory, we are currently observing a renaissance of interest in the thought of Ronald Dworkin, an outstanding legal philosopher, lawyer and humanist with an incredible sense of justice. There is still debate over the practical application of integral legal philosophy. Dworkin’s philosophy marks the “third way” in the dispute between legal positivism and the natural law approach. Using Dworkin’s concept of law, an attempt can be made to answer the question to what extent can the conscience of a person holding the office of a judge influence the process of making/applying law? The desire to look for positive patterns of creating and reforming law pushes us to analyze recent changes through the prism of Dworkin’s philosophy. The previous years have revealed to us a universal value and feature of our legal system a judge who interprets the law becomes the central figure of legal culture.

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