ofiara

Stereotyp mężczyzny jako ofiary przemocy - percepcja studentów

Author: Justyna Pikus
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0159-3031
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 195-208
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.01.12
PDF: kie/127/kie12712.pdf

Changes occurring in the modern world have a significant impact on the perception of a number of social phenomena that are studied by social pedagogy. One of them is violence in partnerships, which is associated with the stereotype of a man as the main perpetrator of violence. Stereotypes functioning in the consciousness of our community are often inconsistent with reality. Most people, however, have the conviction that they are true and unchangeable. This conviction led to the sole identification of the woman with the victim and the man with the perpetrator of violence. Most people are unaware of the existence of battered husband syndrome. The aim of the article is to analyze the phenomenon of female violence against men in the perception of academic youth. Research analyzes presented in the article focus on the assumption of changing the stereotype of man as the perpetrators of violence.

Potencjalna ofiara naruszeń praw człowieka na tle systemu ochrony Europejskiej Konwencji Praw Człowieka

Author: Dominika Kuna
Institution: Uniwersytet SWPS w Warszawie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6668-9811
Year of publication: 2024
Source: Show
Pages: 149-160
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2024.02.11
PDF: ppk/78/ppk7811.pdf

Potential Victim of Human Rights Violations on the Background of the Protection System of the European Convention on Human Rights

The article’s purpose is to present the concept of a potential victim of violations of the rights and freedoms of the European Convention on Human Rights. A group of complainants is treated as a victim, even though the violation affects society. The qualification of complainants as victims of human rights violations can be treated as the creation of European human rights law. The role of the Court is to apply the so-called ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors, which cannot only effectively contribute to the implementation of the principles of the ECtHR. The article addresses the problem of the assumptions of the living instrument doctrine and the interpretation of the law currently associated with the active activity of judges (judge-made law). The concept of the potential victim of human rights violations represents an opportunity for the postulated expansion of the catalog of fundamental rights.

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