political culture

  • The Rulers and the Ruled – Civic Competence in Politics as a Criterion of Democracy

    Author: Tadeusz Godlewski
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 363–376
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014021
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014021.pdf

    The text deals with the topic of civic political competence (civic competence) as an additional criterion of the quality of the democracy. It shows both theoretical aspects of this issue, identifying some specific elements of competence and the methodological problems of the research on civic competence. The article also includes reflections on the implementation of civic competence in the processes of deliberation.

  • Legitimacy of Power of the President of the Russian Federation

    Author: Sylwester Gardocki
    Institution: University of Warszawa (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2007
    Source: Show
    Pages: 26-59
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007003
    PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007003.pdf

    Russian President is both a political institution of key importance and a distinctive individual of a specic manner of behaviour in his authoritarian rules. In this article I would like to present the role of the President in society with reference to historical heritage and the modern political culture of Russian society. Taking into consideration the fact that public opinion and the media, in conditions of democracy or democratization, constitute basic social mechanism that forms bases and formulas of legitimacy, I have decided that it is merge to join the issues into one. It is the President that I aim my examination at, not the Russian media themselves, the history of their development a€er 1991, or their ownership structure that governs them. e media will be of interest as long as they are necessary to understand how the President legitimizes his powers, to what extent he is successful, and what scope of success or failure depends on in the legitimacy e‚orts.

  • Poznań Discussions on Political Culture

    Author: Iwona Hofman
    Institution: Marie Curie-Skłodowska University of Lublin (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2004
    Source: Show
    Pages: 169-172
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2004013

  • Mechanizm rozwoju społeczeństwa obywatelskiego na Ukrainie – propozycja partycypacji budżetowej

    Author: Mateusz Radziszewski
    E-mail: mateuszrm@onet.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki, Poland
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 99-117
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016207
    PDF: npw/11/npw2016207.pdf

    In my article I suggest two models of social participation which can positively influence on the process of building the civil society in Ukraine, especially in the area of local government. I want to consider two types of the participatory budgeting, first comes from Porto Allegre in Brazil and the second one from Lodz in Poland. The first model, 27 years old, is the example of representative democracy and is characterized by hierarchical structure. On the other hand, we have different model which is the representative of participatory democracy without any gradation. In this area of research I’m going to choice the best proposition which fit in the process of political transition on Ukraine.

  • Ogniwa rozwoju kontaktów polsko-mongolskich

    Author: Andrzej Chodubski
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 210-226
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014211
    PDF: npw/07/npw2014211.pdf

    The article points out that:

    1) The Polish-Mongolian and Mongolian-Polish contacts devloped rapidly after the World War II as a consequence of the international cooperation of the socialist states.

    2) Science and education were particularly important factors.

    3) Poles significantly contributed to the cultural and civilization transformation of Mongolia, including the spheres of construction, industry, and agriculture.

    4) Memories of the Polish-Tatar contacts still remain in the collective consciousness of Poles; the negative image of a community which destroys the cultural achievements of conquered peoples has formed.

    5) The contemporary knowledge about Mongolia and Polish-Mongolian relations is largely shrouded with a mist of myths and stereotypes.

  • Политические устремления казахстанской молодежи

    Author: Gulmira Abdiraiymova
    Institution: Kazachski Narodowy Uniwersytet im. Al-Farabi
    Author: Meruert Shnarbekova
    Institution: Kazachski Narodowy Uniwersytet im. Al-Farabi
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 312-329
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201616
    PDF: siip/15/siip1516.pdf

    Political aspirations of the Kazakhstani youth

    In the article data presented from the sociological research conducted in 2015 indicate that the participation of youth in politics and the interest is very low. Monitoring of political orientations in the projection on regional identity showed some significant differences: the youth of the “Northern”, “Western” and “Eastern” regions is with a tendency to the “troubled” perception of the political situation, while respondents of “Southern” and “Central” regions with the “neutral” assessment of and with a high degree of political tolerance and displaying the ability to political discourse. The political profile of young Kazakhs is characterized by a greater degree of uncertainty. Also, the boundaries of political preferences are blurred: the main factors of the formation of the ideological and political positions are to the greater extent cultural (preferences and stereotypes) rather than social factors.

  • Kształtowanie się kultury edukacyjnej francuskiej Polonii

    Author: Adrianna Frączek
    Institution: Gdańska Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczna
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-26
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201801
    PDF: cip/16/cip1601.pdf

    Edukacja jako szczególna wartość w dzisiejszym świecie stanowi siłę generującą aktywność zarówno polityczną, społeczną, jak i gospodarczą. Jest ona czynnikiem kształtującym samoświadomość. Z tego powodu Polska przywiązuje dużą wagę do problemów edukacyjnych nie tylko w kraju, ale również w polskich środowiskach emigracyjnych. Przykładem państwa, które miało i ma ogromne znaczenie dla ruchu emigracyjnego jest Francja.
    Celem artykułu jest próba usystematyzowania wiedzy o kształtowaniu się życia oświatowego polskich emigrantów we Francji, wskazanie realizowanych zadań i wyzwań z jakimi przyszło się jej zmagać na przestrzeni wieków.
    Wykazano, że niezależnie od epoki w której przyszło żyć polskim emigrantom, hołdowali oni wartościom, które nie przemijają: poczucie odrębności, patriotyzm i miłość do ojczyzny oraz posiadali nieustanny pęd do zdobywania wiedzy.

  • Socjalizacja i edukacja polityczna jako ważne determinanty kultury politycznej

    Author: Grzegorz Piwnicki
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 27-48
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201802
    PDF: cip/16/cip1602.pdf

    Uznaje się, że polityka jest częścią życia społecznego, dlatego jest również częścią kultury. W drugiej połowie XX w. kultura polityczna stała się obiektem analiz politologów w świecie oraz w Polsce. W związku z tym zaczęto postrzegać kulturę polityczną, jako komponent kultury w dosłownym znaczeniu przez pryzmat ogółu materialnych i niematerialnych wytworów życia społecznego. Stało się to asumptem do rozszerzenia się definicji kultury politycznej o takie składniki, jak instytucje polityczne oraz system socjalizacji oraz edukacji politycznej. Celem tego było wzmocnienie demokratycznego systemu politycznego poprzez przesunięcie z elementów indywidualnych na ogólnospołeczne.

  • ALEKSANDER GIEYSZTOR AND GERARD LABUDA FOR THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF TWO GREAT HISTORIANS’ BIRTHDAYS (1916–2016)

    Author: MARCELI KOSMAN
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 243-264
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso160211
    PDF: hso/11/hso1111.pdf

    Gerard Labuda and Aleksander Gieysztor were among the most distinguished Polish historians. Their impact on the development of Polish Medieval studies has been tremendous as testified by a large group of their disciples who continue the research commenced by the Poznań and Warsaw historians.

  • Language and Politics in India and China: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study

    Author: Daniel Komarzyca
    E-mail: daniel.komarzyca@uwr.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1562-994X
    Author: Janina Fras
    E-mail: janina.fras@uwr.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0672-482X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-36
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020402
    PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020402.pdf

    This paper provides insights into the relationship between language and politically relevant aspects of culture in India and China which are as follows: attitude toward revolution and tradition, the domination of politics over religion or vice versa, and a concern for the liberty of the individual. The paper introduces a novel approach to the comparative study of civilizations by advancing the political-linguistic explanation. In so doing, it combines Hajime Nakamura’s hypothesis of the strict connection between language and culture (understood as a way of thinking) with Samuel P. Huntington’s emphasis on the impact of cultural differences on the political dimension of society – so that our explanatory model can be expressed as follows: language→culture→politics. As far as language is concerned, the focus is on the basic structure of Sanskrit and Chinese; besides, special attention is given to Indian and Chinese philosophies of language. Culturally, the most relevant schools of Hindu philosophy may be called “ultraconservative” since they tend to ground unchanging meaning firmly in metaphysics and rely on the supreme authority of ancient religious texts. In contrast, the Chinese typically considered language a social mechanism for shaping our behavior (so the relation of language and society is the most crucial); they also expressed clearly divergent views on naming. In short, at least four distinctive perspectives are essential: (1) conservative Confucianism, (2) anti-traditional and highly authoritarian Legalism, (3) egalitarian and linguistically skeptical Laozian Daoism, (4) nonconformist and proto-libertarian Zhuangzian Daoism.

  • Significance of Citizens’ Political Culture in the Process of Democratization: A Case Study – Ukraine

    Author: Vladyslav Myroniuk
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 86-98
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.68.07
    PDF: apsp/68/apsp6807.pdf

    The beginning of the 1990s was a time of geopolitical transformations. The collapse of the Soviet Union led to formation of new states that entered the path of democratization, and Ukraine was not an exception. Despite almost 30 years of independence, Ukraine remains a weak democracy. The reason of that, along with other problems, are peculiarities of political culture of citizens. Notwithstanding, weakness of political culture could be changed into the greatest advantage in the process of maturing of democracy in Ukraine.

  • Features of political manipulation of the value-worldview component of public consciousness

    Author: Iuliia Magdych
    E-mail: renze2016@ukr.net
    Institution: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0638-1591
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 105-114
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020407
    PDF: rop/14/rop1407.pdf

    Today, the problem of political governance is one of the most important. There is an urgent need to create standards and institutions that would be effective and adequate to peculiarities of the contemporary society. One of the forms of socio-political governance is political manipulation of public consciousness. Modernization of the political system of society causes corresponding changes in the processes of management and manipulation. The influence on political consciousness and behavior is different at the traditional, modern and so-called postmodern stages of social development. The genesis of political manipulation of worldview values is the subject of this study. In the structure of political consciousness, which is a component of political culture, the value-worldview component is one of the most important. Values forms a motivational basis of political behavior. It is argued that values change in the predicted direction, and political manipulation could affect the value orientations of public consciousness. Analysis of the state of scientific development of the problem of political manipulation shows that the value-worldview component as an important component of political consciousness is poorly studied. The study of the peculiarities of political manipulation of the value component of political consciousness in the framework of this article is important, because the corresponding cultural dynamics affects the functioning of the political system.

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