political parties

  • Political Communication in the Period of the Constitution Referendum Campaign in Poland in 1997

    Author: Dominik Szczepański
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 169-186
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.64.10
    PDF: apsp/64/apsp6410.pdf

    The aim of the article was to present the means of political communication in the 1997 referendum campaign in Poland, and to find answers for the following questions: 1) who was the creator of political messages?; 2) what was the ideological structure of communication?; 3) what channels did the authors of political message make use of?; 4) in what way did the recipients decode the message?; 5) what was the effect of the political messages?; 6) did the referendum campaign influence the result of parliamentary elections – and if so, to what degree? The answers acquired in that way will contribute to exposing full perspective of political communication.

  • Źródła ukształtowania i współczesny obraz partii politycznych oraz kultury politycznej w Koreańskiej Republice Ludowo-Demokratycznej

    Author: Kamil Weber
    E-mail: kamilwr@onet.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Opolski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6904-0073
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 23-40
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2019102
    PDF: so/15/so1502.pdf

    The sources of origin and contemporary shape of the political parties and political culture in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is a state with very specific political culture and unparalleled mechanisms of the functioning of the political parties. The article is intended to show the reasons for its development in its present form and what may even more important – the attitudes of citizens. It presents a characteristic understanding of democracy and the perception of political pluralism, which is not a desirable value at all, and the unanimity of the whole nation is glorified instead. Contrary to popular belief, in North Korea – apart from the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea – there are also other political groups with representatives in parliament. Therefore, the genesis of their creation and the profile were presented. The text is also an analysis of their actual significance and impact on the DPRK’s party system and policy, and whether the current situation may change significantly in the near future, also considering the possibility of citizens undertaking independent political activity.

  • The Issue of Ideological Changes in the Context of the Polish Political Parties - Theoretical Models and Their Exemplifications

    Author: Michał Niebylski
    E-mail: mniebylski@uni.opole.pl
    Institution: University of Opole, (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1623-5886
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 166-182
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020410
    PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020410.pdf

    The article aims to present and discuss five theoretical models explaining the issue of ideological changes in Polish political parties. The paper is to shed light on an ideology’s dynamic nature and the process of building ideology in the political parties’ environment. The article features a discussion on the circumstances favoring the implementation of ideological changes and the methods used by parties to implement changes in their ideologies. The paper adopts two research hypotheses: 1) party ideologies are developed and modified by political parties in response to the changing (social, political, economic) circumstances in the inter-party rivalry. 2) The process of ideological changes serves political parties to lead an effective inter-party rivalry. The paper establishes that the factors with scientifically documented impact on party behavior in ideological terms are as follows: electoral result (parties that achieved a result below their expectations are more eager to revise their ideologies), political competition’s activity (parties react to ideological changes of their direct rivals), electorate preferences (political forces can change their approach in crucial issues to reflect the dominant views in their electorates) and acceptance of free-market principles by the main political actors. An analysis of Polish parties’ behaviors and the gathered source material also demonstrates that the parties’ inclination to implement ideological changes depends on organizational factors.

  • The Reform of the State According to Law and Justice and the Civic Coalition in the Election Programmes of the Parliamentary Elections in 2019

    Author: Damian Wicherek
    E-mail: wicherekdamian@gmail.com
    Institution: University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1710-0820
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 297-306
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.24
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5824.pdf

    The article analyzes the election programmes of the two largest political parties in Poland, namely, Law and Justice and the Civic Platform (Civic Coalition) from the 2019 parliamentary elections, referring to the proposals of these parties to change the functioning of the state, in particular the scope of legislative, executive and judicial power. The conclusion summarizes the presented programme proposals, considering whether their implementation would be possible under the current political conditions.

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